Human Resource Management Essay

2937 words - 12 pages

This essay will discuss the roles of men and women in the workplace. As roles of men and women have changed in today's context, unlike the past, it was caused by cultural and sociological. According to (free dictionary) Roles can be defined as the characteristic and expected social behaviour of an individual. For example when you see a car commercial for a mechanic most of the time the mechanic is a man. But when you see a commercial about cleaning products for the house normally a woman is the face you see. In other words, the media can help break the barriers on how gender roles are portrayed in society.
This essay will focus on, the roles of men and women at work, education, pay gap between them, vertical and horizontal segregation, part time job, afterwards before going to conclusion will explain the reason of the difference between men and women, within context of biological, socialisation and structure, and finalising with conclusion.

Many companies at present express desire of promoting diversity within organisations. For many years, the dominant group in the workforce always were men. According to (statistic) show that the employment rates for men have been rising since the second quarter of 1971, levelling off in more recent years.
( ??????) Stated that this culturally-installed male dominance can be explained in many ways and from a variety of perspectives. The statistic shows that, in second quarter of 2008 the employment rate was 79 per cent for men and 70 per cent for women, unchanged since 1999; this show the clear evidence of the men was the group dominant. (Hearn and Parkin, 1987) stated that 'Organisation' and 'sexuality' occur simultaneously, in a way that reinforces patriarchal power of men over women." Whereas some feminist philosophers and activists are quick to point out the great suffering women have experienced over the years and the discrimination faced every day in these modern times.

This is because women was always portrait to work as secretary, nurses or stayed at home taking care of the children’s, whereas men’s roles in society was to be the breadwinner. Kimmel’s findings shows that men’s main goal in the life was to succeed in their work and get a higher salary to provide for their families (kimmel, 1987). This shows men’s responsibilities were at work instead of home. This has not changed men at present are still the main breadwinners. Educations as well as occupational factors were found to impact upon gender-based problems and corporate manager success in a study conducted by Evans (1994). The study specifically focused upon the individual and interactional barriers that impede the increasing mobility of women in management.

However, women are no longer taking up positions that were considered ‘women’s jobs’. This is as a result of women attaining a higher level of education. According (?????) slides, the result of the GCSE show that the number of men are dropping because of increasing of the...

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