Human Trafficking Essay

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Human trafficking is a serious global issue that needs the awareness and attention of the world. The United Nations Office for Drugs and Crimes identifies human trafficking as “an act of recruiting, transporting, transferring, harboring, or receiving a person through a use of force, coercion, or other means, for the purpose of exploiting them” (UNODC). According to the book Trafficking in People by the policy analysts Clare Ribando Seelke and Alison Siskin, this exploitation can include forced prostitution, ”forced labor and services, slavery, servitude, or the removal of organs” (Ribando Seelke and Siskin 4). Human Trafficking is a violation against fundamental human rights. But even 63 years after the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights that all member states will promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, human trafficking is still one of the largest criminal industries in the world (UNODC). However, the efforts of the United States on combating human trafficking have not been very successful so far. Therefore, the United States has to change its policies and collaborate with international organizations and foreign countries to fight this form of modern-day slavery and sustain freedom in our world.
There is a lot of ignorance towards human trafficking. First of all, it is often perceived to be the same as human smuggling has to be clarified, but there is an important difference between those two forms of illegal immigration. As already stated, human trafficking is the non-consensual transportation of humans across borders, while human smuggling is the process of helping a person to cross the border illegally, but with the consent of the smuggled person. Human smuggling ends after the border is crosses, while human trafficking, on the other hand, leads to exploitation and forced labor in the foreign country (Ribando Seelke and Siskin 4). Although both processes are illegal, only human trafficking violates fundamental human rights. Human trafficking is the largest growing industry in the world. The most recent Trafficking in Persons Report of the Department of State from 2010 states that about 800,000 people are trafficked across borders annually and a total number of approximately 12.3 million persons are currently in forced labor, bonded labor, and forced prostitution worldwide, with the majority of trafficking victims being women and children (Dep. of State 8). The ebook Human Trafficking: An Overview by the United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking states that the victims are recruited through abduction or kidnapping, false promises about legitimate employment or legal residence permits, and selling by families. The majority of the victims, however, knew the traffickers personally before being trafficked (UN GIFT 21-22). Human trafficking has emerged throughout the last years because slave traffickers have discovered the profitability of trading people. According to the Global Initiative to...

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