When one thinks of slavery in America, Often times we assume slavery in America ended in 1865 when The Civil War ended and The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery throughout the United States (“ History of slavery in America”, 2013). Truth be told, modern day slavery still very much exists in America; we now call it “Human trafficking”. Human trafficking is considered one of the fastest growing criminal industries today, while there is not an exact number of how many people are being trafficked in the United States, the Polaris project for a world without slaves writes,
The U.S. government and academic researchers are currently working on an up-to-date estimate of the total number of trafficked persons in the United States annually. With 100,000 children estimated to be in the sex trade in the United States each year, it is clear that the total number of human trafficking victims in the U.S. reaches into the hundreds of thousands when estimates of both adults and minors [of] sex trafficking are aggregated ("Slavery map: North," 2013).
In the scholarly article, “Pimps Down: A Prosecutorial Perspective on Domestic Sex Trafficking”, the authors Stephen Parker and Jonathan Skrmetti focus their article on domestic sex trafficking and the distinct means and methods employed by domestic sex traffickers to exploit their victims. Both authors, Stephen Parker and Jonathan Skrmetti are Assistant United States Attorneys. Through their observations of cases they prosecuted on sex trafficking authors Stephen Parker and Jonathan Skrmetti (2013), “observed three broad categories of techniques used by domestic sex traffickers to exploit their victims”(p. 1018). The three categories are kidnapping, fraud and grooming. Kidnapping, although the least used method, involves the trafficker enslaving the victim through threats and force. Fraud is used when the trafficker uses fraudulent acts to gain access to the victim, then the “traffickers provide drugs and alcohol to incapacitate their victims” (Parker & Skrmetti, 2013, p. 1018). The last and most used method in domestic sex trafficking is, “grooming”. By this method, “traffickers convince juveniles and impressionable young women to engage in commercial sex for the trafficker's benefit” (Parker & Skrmetti, 2013, p. 1018).The grooming method relies on the victims preexisting vulhierabilities. The article also discusses the common background of victims of sex trafficking and identifies reasons on which the trafficker picks his victim. Authors Stephen Parker and Jonathan Skrmetti (2013) write,
To understand why victims do not leave, one must understand the common factors, identified by research and experience, which make victims susceptible to exploitation by domestic sex traffickers (p. 1019).
One of the largest misconceptions of sex trafficking is that most think it’s an adult occupation with women whom were prostitutes beforehand. However more then 80% of women in prostitution began their careers...