Human trafficking is a topic that is not discussed very often in society. Many people fail to realize that human trafficking still exists today. Human trafficking violates basic human rights. It takes away the freedom and security of men, women, and children world wide. The diversity and widespread execution of human trafficking make it difficult to regulate and prosecute.
In the international effort to prosecute human trafficking, several guidelines and definitions of human trafficking have been provided:
Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines Trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purposes of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others of other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs. (What Is Human Trafficking?)
International authority figures use this definition to properly prosecute instances of human trafficking. Florida legislature defines human trafficking as "transporting, soliciting, recruiting, harboring, providing, enticing, maintaining, or obtaining another person for the purpose of exploitation of that person" (Statutes & Constitution). Traffickers subject their victims to prostitution, hard labor, such as farm or sweatshop work, as well as childcare. Sometimes traffickers tell victims that their work will repay a debt (Human Trafficking, Domestic Violence Sourcebook).
People often believe the myth that human trafficking only happens in developing, or third world countries; however, as a worldwide phenomenon, human trafficking occurs in every country, including the United States. Human trafficking occurs in countries such as Russia, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, and India, and victims are trafficked for many different reasons.
Traffickers can belong to any race, ethnicity, or gender. "Trafficking occurs in a wide range of socioeconomic classes...no one type of trafficker exists" (Jesionka, Human Trafficking: The Myths and the Realities). Journalist, Natalie Jesionka, visited several trafficking villages: "In some I visited, appeared as politicians and local law enforcement. In other parts of the world, they are business men or restaurateurs...local governments, and even families often involve themselves in the process...Many times economics govern the process—those who sell their children...simply feel that they have no other choice." In a UNODC report on human trafficking, several countries provided the gender of their traffickers, thirty percent of which were...