This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Human Traits: Cardinal Traits Essay

841 words - 4 pages

Human Traits:
If someone asked you to describe the personality of a close friend, what kind of things would you say? A few things that might spring to mind are descriptive terms such as outgoing, kind and even tempered. All of these represent traits. What exactly does this term mean? A trait can be thought of as a relatively stable characteristic that causes individuals to behave in certain ways. The trait approach to personality is one of the major theoretical areas in the study of personality. The trait theory suggests that individual personalities are composed of these broad dispositions.
Unlike many other theories of personality, such as psychoanalytic or humanistic theories, the trait ...view middle of the document...

Terms such as intelligent, honest,shy and anxious are considered central traits.

• Secondary Traits: These are the traits that are sometimes related to attitudes or preferences and often appear only in certain situations or under specific circumstances. Some examples would be getting anxious when speaking to a group or impatient while waiting in line.
Raymond Cattell’s Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire
Trait theorist Raymond Cattell reduced the number of main personality traits from Allport’s initial list of over 4,000 down to 171, mostly by eliminating uncommon traits and combining common characteristics. Next, Cattell rated a large sample of individuals for these 171 different traits. Then, using a statistical technique known as factor analysis, he identified closely related terms and eventually reduced his list to just 16 key personality traits. According to Cattell, these 16 traits are the source of all human personality. He also developed one of the most widely used personality assessments known as the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF).
Eysenck’s Three Dimensions of Personality
British psychologist Hans Eysenck developed a model of personality based upon just three universal trails:
1. Introversion/Extraversion:
Introversion involves directing attention on inner experiences, while extraversion relates to focusing attention outward on other people and the environment. So, a person high in introversion might be quiet and reserved, while an individual high in extraversion might be sociable and outgoing.

2. Neuroticism/Emotional Stability:
This dimension of Eysenck’s trait theory is related to moodiness versus even-temperedness. Neuroticism refers to an individual’s tendency to become upset or...

Find Another Essay On Human Traits: Cardinal Traits

Bereng Molete Personality - Assignment

1223 words - 5 pages 1. Jung’s Introversion and Extroversion theory Carl Jung is the theorist who worked with neo-analytic aspects and came up with definitions for the concepts of extroversion and introversion in human personalities. Extroverted individuals are people who focus more towards experiences and objects which are outside of themselves. In contrast, Introverts are those individuals who focus on experiences and things which are inward, thus this enables

Bereng Molete Personality Theories - Assignment

1223 words - 5 pages 1. Jung’s Introversion and Extroversion theory Carl Jung is the theorist who worked with neo-analytic aspects and came up with definitions for the concepts of extroversion and introversion in human personalities. Extroverted individuals are people who focus more towards experiences and objects which are outside of themselves. In contrast, Introverts are those individuals who focus on experiences and things which are inward, thus this enables

The trait perspective and the ten personality disorders

1767 words - 7 pages . A trait is a stable characteristic that causes an individual to behave a certain way. A person’s personality is made up of a special combination of various traits that are unique to each individual (Cherry). In 1936, psychologist Gordon Allport categorized all of the traits into three levers: cardinal traits, central traits, and secondary traits. He said that cardinal traits are traits that dominate an individual’s whole life, that central

Traits Theories

2227 words - 9 pages theory basically revolves around a deep understanding of the traits. Human traits are assessed using different methods to determine the patterns that characterize human behavior. The unique thing about trait theory is that it presumes human behavior is a stable. According to this theory, environment and time are some of the factors that do not affect human behavior in any way. The trait theory also states that human behavior vary among different

The Weakness of Women in The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas

799 words - 4 pages gender of the human race. Although not the most prevalent theme in the novel, this theme subtly appears throughout the dialogue of the male characters, in many points throughout the story. When Monsieur Bonacieux asks d’Artagnan to help him find his wife, Madame Bonacieux, d’Artagnan asks for the assistance of his friends, Porthos, Athos, and Aramis. While concocting a plan to help return Madame Bonacieux to her husband, Aramis states “Woman was

The Duchess of Malti

1179 words - 5 pages actions, displays a strength and sense of pride that successfully personifies the contradictory traits of “manly” behavior while maintaining the feminine appearance needed to uphold the balance in-between the barricades of social confines. Webster contrasts the weaknesses of the male character to reveal the superiority of the Duchess over the male characters, the Cardinal, Bosola, Ferdianand, and Antonio are all juxtaposed to the qualities of

The Trait Theory of Personality

2311 words - 9 pages The study of personality traits is beneficial in identifying the many variables that exist from human to human; the combinations of these variables provide us with a true level of individuality and uniqueness. In the field of psychology, trait theory is considered to be a key approach to the study of human personality (Crowne, 2007; Burton, Westen & Kowalski, 2009). This paper aims to identify a number of significant contributors who have played

Cardinal Altamirano in the Film The Mission

1259 words - 6 pages , he seems to have no family; no wife, no children. Perhaps that is because he has sworn off woman, as he is a cardinal and was a jesuit. So what did he have to live for? Success and power, lust for the feeling of superiority. Those are the traits that kept him fighting until he reached the top. That is how he managed to make difficult decisions. This does not mean he had no heart, he sympathized the missions and lived the rest of his life in

Leadership Theories: Great Man Theory

849 words - 4 pages be possible to find personality traits that are common to homogeneous types of groups or situations. Third, for purposes of personal selection in an organization there often will be reliance on an appraisal of personality traits. Finally, in spite of lack of agreement on a complete list of leadership traits, there is some agreement on a few: intelligence, social maturity and breadth, inner motivation and achievement drives, and human relations

I'm just trine get access for 24 hrs - idk man - I didn't even preview it

616 words - 3 pages and not even understand the consequences of their actions, even with disputing evidence is very normal. Figures containing all nine traits are rare, but not impossible. 2.Sociological Perspective The documentary focuses in on nine traits and discussed how mixing of two, three or maybe even all nine, can adjust an individual’s social skills. The documentary states that every human displays at least one or more of these personality traits, but

The dispositional and humanistic perspectives of personality

2062 words - 8 pages indoctrination, has a stronger sense of friendship with others rather than superficial relationships, and is more spontaneous and creative.Gordon Allport was one of the first theorists to distinguish the importance of traits. Allport initially identified 4500 personality traits which he later distinguished into three different levels. The first was the cardinal trait, which he saw as the dominant trait that characterised most of a person's behaviour. The

Similar Essays

Egoism Vs. Altruism: Universal Human Traits In Eliot And Kafka

1238 words - 5 pages The author Dr. Irwin Edman opens his 1920 book Human Traits and Their Significance by noting that throughout civilization “two factors have remained constant” (ix). One of these factors is “the physical order of the universe”—or Nature—and the other is “the native biological equipment of man”—or human nature (ix). Together these two ideals have formed modern civilization—as Dr. Edman puts it “there is nothing new under the sun. Matter and men

Personality Stability And Change In Trait Theories Of Allport And Eysenck

1128 words - 5 pages major categories: cardinal (dominant), central (common), and secondary (unique) traits. Allport’s advised that while traits have a universal aspect, they should be examined and explained with caution and artistry. Interpretations of behavioral variance should consider both contextual circumstances and possibility of coexisting contradictory traits in one individual. He further suggested that patterns and interrelations between traits could be

Personality Essay

2381 words - 10 pages ; Spiegler, 1994).Throughout his many years of research, Allport also identified five types of personality that are characteristics of an individual's personality. He defined these as the common traits, individual traits, cardinal traits, central traits, and secondary traits (Coon, 2004). Common traits are characteristics shared by most members of a culture and individual traits define a person's unique individual qualities (Coon, 2004). Cardinal

Personality Essay

2390 words - 10 pages that their trait of assertiveness does not exist (Liebert & Spiegler, 1994).Throughout his many years of research, Allport also identified five types of personality that are characteristics of an individual?s personality. He defined these as the common traits, individual traits, cardinal traits, central traits, and secondary traits (Coon, 2004). Common traits are characteristics shared by most members of a culture and individual traits