This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Human Vs. Computer: Comparison Of How The Truth Of A Statement Is Determined In The Framework Of Wvo Quine’s Holism

969 words - 4 pages

IV. Reasons for Holism Thesis and the Web-of-Belief Model: Language Acquisition
Why reasons offered by TDE are not enough. While Quine’s positive account is as compelling as it is gripping, his negative account falls short of out and out refutation of old dogmas. For one, neither the Duhem Thesis nor the failure of Carnap’s reductionist program is sufficient to firmly establish the fallacy of the Dogma of Reductionism. Duhem originally stated his thesis as an empirical observation strictly about the challenges that physicists faced when confirming theories of physics (Ariew, 2011). To establish that the same challenges arise in confirming any statement whatsoever, Quine would need to cite corresponding empirical observations, but more importantly, explain why they arise. TDE attempts neither. A failure of a single reductionist program, or even several, is not sufficient evidence for the impossibility of such a program. Quine’s argument against The Dogma of Analytical/Factual duality also falls short of being conclusive. Some authors have noted three aspects of the “closed curve” argument that lack foundation. First, TDE is unclear as to the necessity of the main assumption of the “closed curve” argument, that an inexplicable concept must be illusory. Second, Grice and Strawson find Quine’s standards of clarity arbitrary (Grice, 1957). In particular, Quine’s standards for a clear explanation prohibit the explanandum and the explanan from belonging to the same circle of interrelated concepts. Third, they also point out that Quine arbitrarily assumes the impossibility of explanation of analyticity based on the failure of only the few cases that he considers.
Additional Reasons for Holism Thesis. However, the arguments of TDE lose their arbitrariness when placed in context of Quine’s beliefs about language and the steps to acquire it in our early years, which he summarizes in “The Nature of Natural Knowledge” (henceforth, NNK). According to NNK, we learn to establish links between sense data and statements when we learn our first language. Therefore, the process of establishing the truth of a statement from the sense data is determined by the process by which we acquire language, specifically, when we progress from stating observations to more general statements: “The paths of language learning, which lead from observation sentences to theoretical sentences, are the only connection there is between observation and theory” (NNK, p. 79).
Language acquisition consists of two stages: straightforward induction from observations to observation sentences and vague, inscrutable “analogical synthesis.” Observational sentences are a natural springboard into language for multiple reasons: (1) they are more connected to sense data than all other statements, (2) their truth value depends on the circumstances of the communication, observable by everybody at the time, (3) as a consequence, they can be learned by induction. Induction is made...

Find Another Essay On Human vs. Computer: Comparison of How the Truth of a Statement is Determined in the Framework of WVO Quine’s Holism

The Potential Framework of Human Nature in The Life of Pi and Copenhagen

1895 words - 8 pages powerful country in the world. These cultural aspects—growing up in poor Germany, marrying a German, having German children—guided Heisenberg to do what is best for his country, no matter how evil he believed his country to be. In this play, we see how cultural influences attempt to overpower genetics by making race more important than the human species. Yet, we still cannot conclude this to be the case for every situation. Life of Pi by Yann Martel

the importance of research in a social work framework

1065 words - 5 pages The importance of research in a social work framework Social work, often considered a relatively modern profession, has developed through advances in knowledge, social reforms, democratic ideas and increasing body of research and literature (Doel, 2012). The Social work profession is lead by theories from social sciences, indigenous and humanities knowledge, which comes with a respect for human rights and diversity and is often thought of as a

The Framework of White

831 words - 4 pages One may not understand why God allows certain things to happen, but it is certain that God is not making any mistakes. This poem deals with the fact that God is in all the little details of our lives and everything happens for a reason. In Frost’s first attempt at perfecting his poem, he did not decide directly that God’s design for the world is what happened. It’s a thought, but he isn’t fully captivated by the idea. Frost improved “In White

Statement of Purpose for a Masters in Computer Science

982 words - 4 pages I remember the day as if it were yesterday. During my second year in college, I was attempting to transmit a group of characters comprising my name from one computer to another. I connected the computers using RS-232 cable, wrote the necessary programs and executed them. I typed my name on one terminal and rushed to the other to see the results. "Wow, this is magic!" I exclaimed as I read 'Tom' on the screen. While I realized intuitively that a

Statement of Purpose for a Masters in Computer Science

850 words - 4 pages might question why a degree from the USA only. The United States of America is way ahead of any other nation in computer technology, manufacture and would thus provide me with the best infrastructure and know-how currently available. I have been keen on gaining expertise in DBMS and Networking. US universities are certainly the best in these fields. Through my own research and with the help of my seniors I chose your university for pursuing my

Statement of Purpose for a Masters in Computer Science

729 words - 3 pages STATEMENT OF PURPOSE Computers in technological development demand more efficient networking. In a very short period it has changed the way we have looked at things since centuries. It is one industry that is going to shape our future for centuries to come Coming from a background of Electronics and Communication Engineering, I have developed an interest to probe into the area of Networking and Computer Networks. Hence I wish to do Masters in

Veiling the Truth: A Look at How the Hijab is used as a tool of Oppression and Resistance in Iran With Comparisons to Indonesia

3230 words - 13 pages them. This paper looks to discover how the oppression, resistance, and idea of veiling is different between Iranian and Indonesian societies. Theoretical Perspectives This paper looks to discuss veiling, mainly in accordance with hijab and chador, and the oppression and resistance that accompany it within Iranian and Indonesian societies. History of Veiling Veiling is discussed in the Qur’an, saying that not observing the hijab is a “sin

To what extent is the value of knowledge determined by the difficulty of accessing it? - Essay

1824 words - 8 pages knowledge can be assessed. EXPLAIN THE KQ MORE. Another crucial factor to examine is, how the Value of knowledge is determined through its setting. Value is pertinent in a specific context, in terms of time and place. NEED TO EXPLAIN MORE Overall, there are numerous ways all of the above play a significant part, in an individual’s assessment of the value of knowledge, making the topic of determining value very subjective, and relative to each

But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men. -Atticus Finch

955 words - 4 pages she’s around “her kind” and how Lula tries to stop Calpurnia from bringing white children into a black church. Scout begins to realize that people don’t always do the right thing but never truly understands why they can’t love the blacks as much as the whites. Another way inequality shows itself in To Kill a Mockingbird is with wealth. Scout first sees the difference of wealth in Maycomb when she sees Mr. Cunningham give Atticus produce in

The Ambiguity of Truth in How to Tell a True War Story

1069 words - 5 pages truth, nothing is accurate and this will always be the case, at times, the truth is so powerful that it cannot simply be put into words as Orwell would like, it can only exist in the intricacy of the human mind. Works Cited O’Brien, Tim. “How to Tell a True War Story.” The Things They Carried. Boston and New York: Mariner Books, 2009. 64-81. Print. Orwell, George. “Politics and the English Language.” George Orwell: Critical Essays. London: Harvill Secker: 2009. 270-286. Print.

Macbeth Essay Macbeth is basically a noble person who allows himself to be manipulated into performing acts which are contrary to his true nature. Discuss in detail the truth of this statement

668 words - 3 pages , Macbeth is pressured and pushed into this obsession by his wife who has managed to convince him that what he is doing is the wrong thing and what she thinks is right. Macbeth was more than willing to believe that his wife was right and he was wrong about how to handle this situation. This shows me that Macbeth may have been a noble person, but he certainly wasn't confident in himself and he made it too easy for people to manipulate him. This was one of his weaknesses and the play exploits this using the witches.

Similar Essays

Human Vs. Computer: Comparison Of How The Truth Of A Statement Is Determined In The Framework Of Wvo Quine’s Holism

1531 words - 6 pages . Contrasting the Web-of-Belief Model with how computers arrive at the truth value of a statement, I found many crucial differences. Computer statements acquire truth value independently of other statements, the truth of a statement is uniquely fixed by computer program and inputs, and examples of analytic-for-computer statement are not difficult to conjure. This is consistent with Holism Thesis, but makes Web-of-Belief Model inapplicable to

The Whole Of Holism Essay

1382 words - 6 pages demonstrations) of holism in a clinical setting, nurses can better see how to improve their own application of care. The Definition of Holism Holism is easy to describe and hard to exercise. Holism is defined as having a connection “...to social ecology and determinants of health...primarily described at the individual level” (Povlsen & Borup, 2011, p. 798). Being concerned with the individual means that holism orients itself around

“The Competitive Position Of A Company Is Determined By The Industry Structure In Which It Competes.” Critically Evaluate This Statement.

4509 words - 18 pages also gain power when there are many substitutes available in the market as well as when they have good knowledge of the product (Thompson, & Strickland, 2003)But how can Porter's analysis of 5 forces of competition be applied to the generic pharmaceutical industry? In order to examine whether the competitive position of a company is determined by the industry structure in which it competes, Alapis company will be examined and analyzed based

Truth In The Tales: A Comparison Of Two Historically Accurate And Influential Fiction Novels

978 words - 4 pages article, Fitzgerald’s inspiration for The Great Gatsby was the town he moved to after his wife (Zelda) gave birth to one of their children. (Murphy). Morrison, however, is known solely for writing stories that correlate with her past experiences. Her influence for writing Jazz was her mother as well as the desire to write a story about how ordinary people lived and viewed that period of history. (Micucci) Little did Morrison know, she successfully