Humanism Essay

2270 words - 9 pages


Before the Italian Renaissance, the education system in Europe was controlled by the Latin Church, which basically taught mostly religious doctrine. Then, beginning in the 1300's, many scholars began to discover classic works by the likes of Plato and especially Cicero. Cicero, who was a Roman philosopher and statesman, studied something he called "humane studies." Cicero influenced Francesco Petrarch, who started the renaissance revival of antiquity, when he discovered his lost letters. Petrarch also had a huge impact on many other people to come along later such as Boccaccio and Salutati. These humanists and many others thought that the medieval program of studies taught too much doctrine. Their goal was to establish a more classical program of studies and they saw themselves as reviving the ancient texts when they found and translated them. The humanists did not agree with the teachings of the university professors and they challenged their system at every level. They had their own ideas about the texts that should form the core of the humanist curriculum, which was based on Cicero's studies. They were the subjects of grammar- specifically the scientific study of grammar which is called philology. Rhetoric- the art of speaking eloquently which would become crucially important especially in public speaking. Poetry- the purest form of literary expression and through poetry the inner-self can be released. History- they were very conscious of themselves being separate from medieval times. And ethics- which would be at the core of the renaissance humanist studies and covered all four above in a deeper sense. The people who studied this curriculum and the classics became to be known as "humanists." They developed this new type of classical scholarship in which they tried to understand and translate the works of the Greeks and Romans. The humanists believed that the Greek and Latin classics contained all the lessons one needed to lead a moral and effective life. Their scholarship was one of the main factors in the start of the Renaissance.
After humanism had established itself as a formidable type of studies and it began to spread throughout Europe mainly by the traveling of these humanist scholars to and from Italy and the traveling of interested foreigners to Italy to see what all of the fuss was about. According to Dr. Peter Burke, " The expatriate humanists were not missionaries and they did not particularly want to leave Italy. What geographers call the "push" factor was more important than the "pull" of foreign countries " (4). Which means that some humanist left Italy because they were forced to. For example, two conspiracies forced Filippo Buonaccorsi and Luigi Alamanni out of Italy. Filippo was involved in a conspiracy against Pope Paul II and was forced to leave to Poland where he became very famous. Luigi was forced out of Florence for being involved in a conspiracy against the Medici family and fled to...

Find Another Essay On Humanism

The Renaissance and Humanism Essay

1805 words - 7 pages The Renaissance and Humanism You may wonder about, "The Renaissance" and its relationship to another term, "humanism" which fits into the same time period. If you check the dictionary, you will find that both terms can be used in a broad sense or more specifically. Humanism refers generally to a "devotion to the humanities: literary culture." (My definitions come from Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary). According to that definition

Humanism in Renaissance Literature Essay

1155 words - 5 pages Renaissance age was a period of literature enlightenment and revolutionary rebirth of the classical world ( Latin and Greek classics ).Two opposed movements appeared during the Renaissance were Scholastic which adopted beliefs of ancient writers to support the corrupted church, and the Humanism movement was against the greedy and corrupted church at that time it places the human beings at the centre of the universe. It took its name from the

Religious Tolerance and Humanism

2739 words - 11 pages maintain a different one. While there are many philosophies that fit these criteria, Humanism is by far the most promising due to its current popularity and its noble roots in renaissance culture. The Problem at Hand In "Islamophobia and its Discontents," Laila Lalami references many instances in which regular conversation and discourse is interrupted with spurts of whimsical racism. Her success means nothing in the eyes of the religiously

Humanism and the Renaissance

2909 words - 12 pages Humanism and Renaissance Humanism brought MAN to the forefront causing a veritable cultural revolution. Reason and the will to better understand the world fomented progress in the scientific fields. Intellectuals throughout Europe came under the influence of humanism which was disseminated with the invention of the printing press and the guidance of princes. Finally, humanism had a religious impact as well with the

Humanism and Renaissance Europe

2368 words - 9 pages and ethic, a necessary component of the Renaissance period in Europe. In progressing to new heights, society developed a new outlook on life that was radically different from before. The influential social change is known as Humanism, a muti-dynamic expression of the human being. Humanism begins as a general education program; then it developed into something much more. It grew into a strong desire and widespread need to learn and study

The Integral Humanism of Mahatma

2815 words - 11 pages The Integral Humanism of Mahatma ABSTRACT: Humanism as a theistic, pragmatic theory was first conceived around 2000 BCE in India. It is a this-worldly, human-centered, secular philosophical outlook. Gandhi understands religion as connoting the individual’s integrity and society’s solidarity. Free-will for him is freedom of the "rational self." Morality is not a matter of outward conformity, but of inward fulfillment. His integral humanism is

Humanism, a word of many meanings

1525 words - 6 pages The word "humanism" has a number of meanings, and because there are so manydifferent meanings it can be quite confusing if you don't know what kind of humanismsomeone is talking about.Literary Humanism is a devotion to the humanities or literary culture.Renaissance Humanism is the spirit of learning that developed at the end of the middleages with the revival of classical letters and a renewed confidence in the ability of humanbeings to

Dr. Faustus Essay: Satirizing Renaissance Humanism

782 words - 3 pages Satirizing Renaissance Humanism In Dr. Faustus     In Dr. Faustus, Christopher Marlowe has vividly drawn up the character of an intelligent, learned man tragically seduced by the lure of power greater than he was mortally meant to have. The character of Dr. Faustus is, in conception, an ideal of humanism, but Marlowe has taken him and shown him to be damned nonetheless, thus satirizing the ideals of Renaissance Humanism.   M. H

Major Changes: Humanism and The Renaissance

961 words - 4 pages During the 15th century, Northern Europe as well as Italy witnessed a serious revival of drawing accompanied by sculpture, painting and architecture. This revival was termed as the Renaissance. The revival effected major changes onto the representation of pictorial space on these two regions. These changes on that occurred on pictorial space representation were mostly driven by new idea of “Humanism”. Humanism philosophy practically outwitted

Humboldt's Gift: Hope, History and Humanism

1449 words - 6 pages Humboldt's Gift: Hope, History and Humanism In the modern period literature is confronted by numerous rivals, generally in the form of social questions and broad philosophical, political and religious discussion. As a result, the challenge for creative artists is to find new methods of dealing with the tension between public distraction and the private sphere of the individual. In Humboldt's Gift Saul Bellow explores the predicament of

This is an essay comparing Cosmic Humanism to Secular Humanism from a Christian perspective.

882 words - 4 pages Cosmic Humanism vs Secular HumanismOne of man's wrong objects of faith is himself. Humanism rests on the conviction that man's intellect as he uses the scientific method can bring solutions to all his problems and answers to all his questions. Man needs no outside help. He has in himself all the resources he needs. Moreover, humanism says that things will continue to get better and better. Some kind of cosmic force that lies behind evolution

Similar Essays

Humanism Essay

621 words - 2 pages Humanism Encarta Dictionary says that Humanism is a system of thought that centers on human beings and their values, capacities and worth. Encarta also goes on the say that, in philosophy, humanism is an attitude that emphasizes the dignity and worth of an individual. A basic premise of humanism is that people are rational beings who possess within themselves the capacity for truth and goodness. I see myself as a being a humanist through

Humanism Essay

1245 words - 5 pages Humanism Humanism was a new way of thinking that came about in fourteenth century, the time of the Renaissance.  Many scholars refer to it as the "Spirit of the Renaissance."  Humanism was a lay phenomenon that emphasized human beings - as opposed to deities - as well as their interests, achievements and capabilities.  Humanism is derived from the Latin word humanitas, which Cicero, the noted orator of the Roman Empire, referred to as the

Naturalistic Humanism Essay

2418 words - 10 pages What is naturalistic humanism? Is it a religion or what? According to the dictionary naturalistic humanism is a doctrine that affirms that"religion does not depend on supernatural experience, divinerevelation, etc., and that all religious truth may be derived from thenatural world." I would like to spend the next few minutes unpacking this term further before continuing with the main theme of my talk. What is religion? There are

Humanism Essay

752 words - 3 pages The term ‘humanistic psychology’ originates from J. Cohen in 1958. Maslow (1968) called this approach to psychology ‘the third force’, the first being Freudian and the second behaviourism. This theory focuses on the intrinsic values within people rather than the behaviourist approaches. Freud and Skinner believed that people’s behaviour is dependant on outside factors and the unconscious, which opposes the humanist