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Description Of Humanism Greek Culture Essay

814 words - 3 pages

During the Hellenic Age which is sometimes known as the classical period for the Greeks and is dated c.500-300 B.C. In this time period the Greek culture flourish philosophy developed, sculpturing became more sophisticated, and the greatest of them all was the birth of humanism. Humanism is described as being “any system or mode of thought or action in which human interests, values, and dignity predominate” (“Humanism n.pag.). Humanism meant making men superior over all things and that men were supreme even over the Gods. Humanism is greatly influenced the Greek culture. Greeks were the first humanist. Humanism can be found in and influenced countless things that are Greek from their art, literature, philosophy, music and a numerous of other things.
In Greek art humanism is extremely predominate, especially in the sculptures. The sculptors are no longer focusing on the Gods, the Gods are no longer the main subject of the sculpture; now humans are, human bodies. Even though the Greek still sculpted the Gods, the Gods now had more human physical characteristics. The sculptors are now starting to focus on the human physique and the human body. The sculptors are carefully sculpting sculptures to replicate the human body. Sculptures that express humanism are now nude and emphases on the beauty of a human body and of the human mind. “…. beautifully realized in great detail, right down to the veins on the back of the hand, reflects a higher mathematical order and embodies the ideal harmony between the natural world and the intellectual or spiritual realm” (Sayre 140). This is how Sayre describes a sculpture that is dated ca. 450-440 BCE. The sculptures also start to show emotion and have feeling rather than sculptures before humanism, now the sculptures are starting to show anger or happiness. The sculptures also showed muscles, depicting more of a fit body, once again glorifying the human body. Sculptures also start to depict humans in everyday life and events such as sport or everyday chores.
In addition to showing humanism in their art sculptures, the Greeks also showed it in their paintings. “As humanism became more popular ….ordinary people grew to be the same size as saints in paintings and saints began to look more like ordinary people….Saints occupied the same landscape as ordinary people….and the landscape was earth not heaven” (“Humanism Renaissance” n.pag.). By the Greeks doing this, this demonstrate that ordinary men are now just as important as a saint, which capitalize that human...

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