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Humanistic Theory Vs. Evolutionary Theory Essay

1594 words - 6 pages

Evolutionary theory is developed from Darwin’s argument that “suggests that a process of natural selection leads to the survival of the fittest and the development of traits that enable a species to adept to its environment. “ Many have taken this a step further by saying that our genetic inheritance determines not only our physical traits but also certain personality traits and social behaviors. There is such a controversy over significant behaviors that unfold because many believe that we are already pre-programmed human species. It has also been argued that evolution is reflected in functioning and structure of the nervous system and that is has evolutionary factors that have a significant influence on everyday behavior. With what is being said means that if we follow the evolutionary theory, then it would be said that we are already pre-programmed from before birth to follow certain protocols in life. Whether it is from finding a mate or by getting a job. It also believed that this theory gives use cues from our own system to follow, providing us with certain aspects of life from our ancestors. By believing in this theory we can determine that the importance of heredity when influencing human behavior. Behavioral geneticists and evolutionary psychologists have both agreed that not only do genetic factors provide specific behaviors or traits but it also shows the limitations on the emergence of such traits or behaviors. What this means is that our genetics will determine how tall we will be to how fast we can run. No matter what the environment we live in.
Humanistic theory is the theory that accentuates peoples natural goodness and their want to improve themselves. One humanistic theorist, Carl Rogers, believed in self-actualization which is the state of self-fulfillment that people realize their full potential. Also, he states that when people give us positive regard we then rely on those people. He also states that there may be issues when we care too much about other opinions. Rogers says it may cause issues to self-concepts which is what we believe we are like as a person. However, if you make a mistake in who you confide into the experience may cause problems in daily functioning. Rogers states that one way to move forward with that is by having a person, such as a close friend, who can give you unconditional positive regard which basically states that no matter what you say or do, this person will still love you no matter what. However, if...

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