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Humanities, The Art Of Architecture Prepared On Structures Such As: "The Collsseum" And "The Westminster Abbey". Arts And Culture By: Rebold Janetts Benton And Robert Di Yanni

695 words - 3 pages

Humanities is one of the most influential subjects in the modern era. It explores the development of cultures from prehistoric to present time. It examines how religion, music, art, literature, and architect shape and is shaped by social and historical contexts. I chose to study how humanities has affected the overall aspect of architecture. I have always loved the shape and designs of structures and until this class I never knew all the different names of the designs, and through the changes that it had gone through until now. "Architecture is a branch of visual arts that combines practical function and artistic expressionism; it is an art to inhabit" (Arts and Culture xxvii).In prehistoric architecture very little exists from the Neolithic period, mostly made from wood, decayed mud brick and plant material that has long been distinct. One of the oldest known from of structure is called the post and lintel system. A cromlech called, Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England, was a prime example of this form. This structure is one of the more complex for its era.One of my favorite forms of architecture is the Greek temple with all the different orders, like prehistoric Doric, the traditional Ionic and my favorite, the Corinthian. The Acropolis hill, so called the "Sacred Rock" of Athens, is the most important site of the city. During Perikles' Golden Age, ancient Greek civilization was represented in an ideal way on the hill and some of the architectural masterpieces of the period were erected on its ground. One of the most important and symbolic monument of the ancient Greek civilization is the Parthenon. It was the only Acropolis building that was ever finished after the city was destroyed.All though the Romans conquered the Greeks militarily and politically, the Greeks conquered the Romans artistically and culturally. Roman architecture was very much like Greek architecture. Most of their temples were built with the Tuscan order, which was their name for the Doric order. The Romans were one of the first to come up with engaged columns, (which are columns that are attached to the exterior or interior...

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