Humanity And Mammonism Essay

1829 words - 7 pages

Humanity and Mammonism -inside the Count of Monte Cristo In the research of western literature, the Mammonism and Humanity seem to be the eternal theme. Humanity has appeared firstly in Italy in 15th Century, the time of the Renaissance of Culture. Then it led to a philosophic debate on human rights for several centuries. In the other hand, with the development of the modern industry, western people paid more and more attention to the value of money. And currency circulation has become the symbol of the age of the great industry. And from then, Mammonism has more and more conflicts with Humanity because no one wants to live for money but can not live without money. And novelists, just like the lubricant, often use their unique humor and tolerance to reconcile the disputations between them and discover the mysteries of them. The Count of Monte Cristo and its writer Alexander Dumas can be regarded as a milestone of them.Alexander Dumas was a force of nature. A robust, roaring man of vast appetites and even vaster energies, he cries out to be measured in cubits rather than the feet and inches that are used for mere mortals. For forty years, sparks from his mighty anvil lit fires which inflamed the world and burn still. Edmond Dantes is one of his stuff of dreams.He was born in 1802 at Villers-Cotterets. When he was twenty-one, he left Villers-Cotterets and his job£­ a none-too-diligent minor clerk and determined to make his way in Paris as an author. With the arousing of the Revolution, Dumas scored an enormous success with Henry III and His Court(1829), a play which helped to inaugurate the new ¡°Romantic¡± drama which was a potent expression of the reaction against the ultra-conservative political, moral, and cultural climate of the Restoration. In 1840, Dumas initiated his attention into historical realism. And The Three Musketeers and The Count of Monte Cristo(1844-1846) are the most famous two among his ¡°historical novels¡±. He loved travel and was a talent cooker. He lived among the nobilities, but he called himself a natural republican who had strong sense of social justice. But at the corner of his halo, some people criticized his sumptuous and dissipated life and his open-handed writing style. It¡¯s partly true. His open-handedness helps to explain his cavalier attitude to literary property. Early in his career, comments were made about his use of collaborators, and even friends and fellow authors found it hard to believe that any one man could, unaided, write or even dictate all vast novels he signed. In 1845, a journalist named Jacquot attempted to expose Dumas, accusing him of directing a ¡°fiction-factory¡± which employed writers to turn out the serials and volumes to which he put his signature. Dumas took him to court and won his case. And in his later years, he lived with his son, mostly in Italy. And in December, 1870, Dumas died at Puy, near...

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