Insight into the thoughts on the development of the perfect human race and the respect given towards a certain human remain written in a book. Francis Fukuyama records his opinions in his book, Our Posthuman Future, in a chapter called “Human Dignity”. This chapter explains the authors’ ideas on the origin and the importance of an attributed characteristic called “Factor x”. It described as a factor to human dignity. Fukuyama goes in depth about respecting humans up to their abilities and the religious, scientific, and political standing points. The enhancement of human characteristics by biochemistry and the explanation of the “Genetic Lottery” also exist within this chapter. The purpose and goal of biochemical studies offers the correction/improvement of factor x in the world, according to the author. Although factor x defines otherwise, humans demand equality in human dignity while striving for human diversity, setting aside their mental, physical, biological, political, and religious differences.
Factor-x defines as “The most basic meaning of what it is to be human.” (Fukuyama) Described to come from God by Christians and arguably derived from man’s capacity for moral choice by Kant, Factor x remains attained throughout life. Factor x argues as the one true item gained by all in order to separate people into ranks of who deserves the most amount of human dignity. This idea found incorrect and too scientifically taken. A different approach to visualizing the truth through a different approach seems best.
Fukuyama states that in history “Factor-x belonged to a significant subset of the human race,
excluding people of certain sexes, economic classes, races, tribes and people with low intelligence, disabilities, birth defects, and the like. These societies were highly stratified, with different classes possessing more or less Factor x, and some possessing none at all.” (Fukuyama) Today, the difference exposes that factor x divides the levels of human dignity given to people but requires equality in respect. (Fukuyama) Both of these outlooks on the amount of factor x and human dignity attributed, operate as belittling to the people and excluding them from the amount received by the “superior” race. The separation of equal human dignity ruins the whole concept of equality. If a person cannot receive the same amount of human dignity as all other people, that also lessens the amount of respect given.
On the topic of equality, Fukuyama shares the similarities politics shares within. Stated by Fukuyama, in politics, we as people adhere to respect all equally on the amount of factor x they withhold. “We accord beings with factor x not just human rights, but if they are adults, political rights as well. The right to live in democratic political communities where their rights to speech, religion, association, and political participation are respected.” (Fukuyama) As they deserve respect, the people also deserve the same amount of human dignity, which...