Hume Essay

968 words - 4 pages

I will be studying human nature according to David Hume and his philosophical views on the empirical method. I only slightly disagree with the views of Hume. My theory is that we do gain a large amount of our knowledge through experience. This cannot be argued. However, I also believe that human beings possess knowledge that is innate, or a priori, such as morals and our ability to reason. However, I will discredit Hume's "matter of fact" philosophy with the help of such rationalists as Renee Descartes and the views of Noam Chomsky. David Hume states that the human mind, at birth, is a tabula rosa, or blank slate, on which experiences leave their marks, meaning human beings possess no innate knowledge. I will discredit Hume's philosophy by showing that human beings have knowledge that is innate and imprinted in the minds of human beings from the moment of birth.David Hume believes that all human knowledge comes to us through our senses. Heavily influenced by John Locke, the so-called grandfather of empiricism, Hume believes that all knowledge is a posteriori, or acquired after experience. Our perceptions, as he called them, can be divided into two categories known as ideas and impressions. Hume states that:By the term impression, then, I mean all our more lively perceptions, when we hear, or see, or feel, or love, or hate, or desire, or will. And impressions are distinguished from ideas, which are the less lively perceptions, of which we are conscious, when we reflect on any of those sensations or movements above mentioned. (Hume, 1740)Here, Hume states that all our perceptions, including our sense of sight, sound, touch, and even our most powerful emotions are derived from ideas, which represent our perceptions. In this case, Hume denounces the idea of God, the human soul, and the idea of "self," unless we can point out the impression from which the idea is derived. Because our senses have never perceived God, or the soul, it does not then exist. That being said, many critics have accused Hume of skepticism. One doesn't need to see something, or touch something tangible in order to believe in its existence. Hume states that if experience cannot provide concepts or knowledge, then that knowledge/concept does not exist. Contrarily, rationalist thinkers believe that humans posses concepts or knowledge that outstrips the information that sense experience can provide. According to Noam Chomsky, human traits, such as language, are qualities that innate. Chomsky states that we are born with specialized genetically inherited psychological abilities, or cognitive modules, that allow us to learn and acquire certain skills, such as language. Chomsky argues that language would be greatly impaired without this genetic contribution. Other linguists, including Chomsky, use a theory known as "universal grammar" to prove their standpoint. Universal grammar is a theory of linguistics which states that principles of grammar...

Find Another Essay On Hume

Descartes and Hume. Essay

4272 words - 17 pages 1 Epistemología Descartes y Hume representan los extremos racionalista y empirista, respectivamente, de la epistemología moderna. Sus únicos puntos de coincidencia son precisamente las características comunes a toda la epistemología moderna, y que diferencian esta de las epistemologías antigua y medieval, ambas predominantemente realistas. Estas características son el idealismo epistemol&oacute

Hume Vs Kant Essay

1732 words - 7 pages      Hume’s ultimate goal in his philosophic endeavors was to undermine abstruse Philosophy. By focusing on the aspect of reason, Hume shows there are limitations to philosophy. Since he did not know the limits, he proposed to use reason to the best of his ability, but when he came to a boundary, that was the limit. He conjectured that we must study reason to find out what is beyond the capability of reason.      Hume began his first

David Hume´s Philosophy

1114 words - 4 pages Hume’s Epistemology David Hume was a Scottish philosopher known for his ideas of skepticism and empiricism. Hume strived to better develop John Locke’s idea of empiricism by using a scientific study of our own human nature. We cannot lean on common sense to exemplify human conduct without offering any clarification to the subject. In other words, Hume says that since human beings do, as a matter of fact, live and function in this world

Descartes vs Hume

1195 words - 5 pages Tyler Barg Oct 9 2014 Professor Higgins Intro to Philosophy Take a Position Papper #1: Descartes and Hume The great Greek philosopher Socrates based much of his teachings on searching for the meaning to the "self." The Delphic Oracle gave him these prophetic words "know thyself" (102) which would influence his existence and others. Yet for centuries the greatest minds have yet to agree on a concrete definition of what the self is. When we look

David Hume: On Miracles

1897 words - 8 pages on an individuals own reality, and the faith in which he/she believes in, it is based on interior events such as what we are taught, and exterior events, such as what we hear or see first hand. When studying Hume’s view of a miracle, he interprets or defines a miracle as such; a miracle is a violation of the laws of nature, an event which is not normal to most of mankind. Hume explains this point brilliantly when he states, “Nothing is esteemed a

Philosophy of David Hume

2065 words - 8 pages Learning a lot this busy semester I have chosen to focus on David Hume and W.K. Clifford Theory. David Hume is a very famous philosopher for the methods that he takes to attack certain objects that he has a strong opinion on. He is the type of philosopher that will attack some of the simple things that we accept as humans and have grown to believe over time. First I’ll start off with David Hume and his outlook on Induction and generalization

Of Miracles by David Hume

975 words - 4 pages "Of Miracles" by David Hume In David Hume?s paper ?Of Miracles,? Hume presents a various number of arguments concerning why people ought not to believe in any miracles. Hume does not think that miracles do not exist it is just that we should not believe in them because they have no rational background. One of his arguments is just by definition miracles are unbelievable. And have no rational means in believing miracles. Another argument

David Hume and His Thoughts

1123 words - 4 pages David Hume and His Thoughts Hume begins his argument by observing that there is “a great variety of taste, as well as of opinions, which prevails the world.” This diversity is found among people of the same background and culture within the same group and is even more pronounced among “distance nations and remote ages.” A “standard of taste” would provide a definite way to reconcile this diversity. By taste, Hume

David Hume and Future Occurrences

1105 words - 4 pages      Hume asked, "what reason do we have in thinking the future will resemble the past?" It is reasonable to think that it will because there is no contradiction in supposing the future won't resemble the past. But it is also true that is possible for the world to change dramatically and our previous experience would be completely useless in judging future experience. We want to say that past experiences have

diferencia entre Descartes y hume

1392 words - 6 pages La gran diferencia entre Hume y Descartes es que uno es racionalista(Descartes) y otro es empirista(Hume).Hume dice q todo conocmiento parte de l experiencia, de l q recibimos x los cinco sentidos, a lo cual llama impresiones. las ideas son copias de las impresiones y para Hume son menos fuertes y vivaces. hume negó la identidad personal (yo) ya que la mente no es mas q una sucesion de impresiones y no hay una impresion de yo, no hay

David Hume and Future Occurrences

751 words - 3 pages David Hume, in An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, discusses how we cannot predict the future. Even though our experiences and our reasoning tell us that objects act in a predictable way, we still cannot prove how objects will act in the future based upon previous interactions. After biting into a piece of pizza we expect an enjoyable taste. This enjoyable taste is expected because our past experiences have proven this to us. Even though

Similar Essays

Hume Essay

1889 words - 8 pages on a individuals own reality, and the faith in which he/she believes in, it is based on interior events such as what we are taught, and exterior events, such as what we hear or see first hand.When studying Hume's view of a miracle, he interprets or defines a miracle as such; a miracle is a violation of the laws of nature, an event which is not normal to most of mankind. Hume explains this point brilliantly when he states, "Nothing is esteemed a

David Hume Essay

1638 words - 7 pages David Hume In the middle of the eighteenth century a bright, new young English philosopher came onto the scene. David Hume, unlike his predecessors, did not criticize other philosopher's work, but rather he often compared his work to others to see if they shared the same beliefs on certain issues. Hume covered many different issues in his philosophical works, but the ones that I am going to critique are his work on the origin of ideas

David Hume On Miracles Essay

1326 words - 5 pages Hume’s empiricist ideology clearly informed his position on the topic of miracles. In the following, I will examine Hume’s take on empiricism. From this it will be possible to deduce how Hume’s empiricism played a prominent role in influencing his belief on miracles. First, what were the principles of Hume’s empiricism? Hume claims that everyone is born with a blank slate (tabula rasa). The tabula rasa receives impressions which are products of

Hume On Miracles Essay

1688 words - 7 pages David Hume provided one of the most compelling arguments to debunk the notion of miraculous events which are so dear to the heart of Christians in particular. Throughout this paper, I will argue that belief in miracles is justified. In order to make this argument, I will first examine Hume’s view that belief in miracles is not warranted. Then I will consider an opposing view that belief in miracles is justifiable through God’s constant