This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Hume's Conflict Between Causal Reasoning And Existence Of External Objects

1199 words - 5 pages

Hume Conflict between Causal Reasoning and Existence of External Objects

In this essay I will be discussing a very important conflict that Hume reflects in the conclusion of Book I, A Treatise of Human Nature. The thesis of this essay is to analyze the "conflict" between causal reasoning and the continued existence of external objects. Now, to be more specific I should say that I am inclining on Hume's side about the conflict being real for same thing cannot exist at one time and again at a later time, and also in between or at the same time. To summarize the conflict presented, it basically involves cause and effect, yielding the primary/secondary quality distinction and continued existence of matter depending on secondary qualities. Further, there is an argument for the claim that causal reasoning is of fundamental importance for our knowledge of matters of fact, although the conflict is still a problem. I will argue firmly that the conflict is real by providing several statements that show not in its favor, but against it, and contrary them. These statements will form the basis of discussion of this essay, and at the same time, focusing on the relevancy, that being the thesis.
DISCUSSION
In my opinion, many infirmities are shared by all humans. A quick summary of the situation is that we can only assent due to the feeling of "a strong propensity to consider objects strongly in that view, under which they appear to me."(1.4.7, 3) It seems as though experience and habit are principles that operate on the imagination to produce stronger reactions than others. We even need this to consider what is present to our senses as objects, and the succession of perceptions themselves. Otherwise we are stuck in the present, without even memory as stated by Hume, "The memory, senses, and understanding are, therefore, all of them founded on the imagination, or the vivacity of our ideas." (1.4.7, 3)
These are the main principles that sometimes present the conflict of cause and effect which arises between causal reasoning and the belief in continued existence of external objects. However, this is not the only indignity that arises at this point. We must also seek for causes and effects working from the immediate to the remote without being content with knowing the immediate causes, but instead by pushing on our enquiries and then to the "efficacious quality, on which the tie depends." (1.4.7, 5) However this is to be found merely in ourselves, the determination of the mind to make a transition. "Such a discovery not only cuts off all hope of ever attaining satisfaction, but even prevents our very wishes; since it appears, that when we say we desire to know the ultimate and operating principle, as something, which resides in the external object, we either contradict ourselves, or talk without a meaning." (1.4.7, 5)
Hume believed that ideas are always derived from impressions and that we cannot understand a word that we have never seen, unless you...

Find Another Essay On Hume's Conflict between Causal Reasoning and Existence of External Objects

David Hume's Argument Against Belief in the Existence of Miracles

2170 words - 9 pages argues that it is impossible to deduce the existence of a deity from the existence of the world, and that causes cannot be determined from effects. One of the most important aspects of Hume's argument is his understanding of probability. Hume states that belief is often a result of probability in that we believe an event that has occurred most often as being most likely. In relation to miracles this suggests that miraculous events should be

David Hume's Distinction Between Natural and Artificial Virtues

1190 words - 5 pages ). Along with these internal conditions, certain external conditions, described as the circumstances of justice, must also hold for the concept of justice to arise. Hume regards these external goods as the main cause of conflict in a state of nature. He discusses limited generosity and scarcity of resources to show how essential artificial virtues, in particular, justice, is to maintaining order, control, and a manner of living in social harmony

The Causal Relationship Between Financial Development and Economic Growth

725 words - 3 pages pure definition of causality in the philosophical sense, in more than sufficient in order to drive further research. Furthermore, the author emphasizes the usefulness of predictability and exogeneity implied by Granger’s definition. Jung describes Granger’s definitions for a causal relationship between X and Y regarding the prospects of X causing Y and the existence of feedback (X causes Y and Y causes X). Caveat emptor, as Jung stresses such

External and Internal Conflict in Hamlet

787 words - 3 pages Individual reactions to situations of external or internal conflict are reflected in much of literature. In the play Hamlet by William Shakespeare, the character of Hamlet must deal with both external and internal conflict. He faces the death of his father, the knowledge that his uncle Claudius is his father's murderer and the knowledge that he must take revenge. Hamlet's responses to these external conflicts and his own internal views proclaim

A Literary Analysis of Internal and External Conflict in The Kite Runner

1033 words - 4 pages Miguel Anguel Ruiz once said, “People like to say that the conflict is between good and evil. The real conflict is between truth and lies” (Ruiz). Many conflicts are faced by the protagonists in Khaled Hosseini’s writing of The Kite Runner, where the protagonists: Amir and Hassan must survive an ever changing cultural landscape; where corrupt governments and deceit are commonplace. Throughout the progression of the plot, the audience views a

Controversy Between the Existence of God

1679 words - 7 pages In “The Brothers Karamazov” by Fyodor Dostoevsky made a famous claim that establishes the link between the existence of God and morality. Apart from the controversy related to the scope of the quotation, the discussion on the proper translation and interpretation of the words of Ivan Karamazov. For instance, in his article “Dostoevsky did not say it” D.Cortesi claims that Dostoevsky did not make such claim (Cortesi 1). However, the research by

How have dualist tried to explain the apparent two-way causal interaction between mind and body? Which version of dualism is the most plausible theory of mind?

1144 words - 5 pages questioned "[h]ow can something with no physical properties (Descartes' spiritual mind) push around physical objects (Descartes' limbs)?" The Laws of Physics state that only when a physical force is applied to an object, will it move, implying that thoughts and mental processes have physical properties and are therefore part of the physical world and not the spiritual. The Cartesian dualists' argument of the causal interaction between the spiritual

Conflict between liberals of 1920's and the old guard

653 words - 3 pages society's problems. Often minorities such as black in addition to the young liberals were the source of such a scapegoat. For this reason, the Ku Klux Klan experienced widespread popularity during the 1920's. The KKK relieved the majority of white conservative America of any responsibility for the shortcomings of society. It also gave them a sense of security by forming a large alliance against minorities.The conflict between patrons of the KKK and the

The Conflict between Truth and Ideals in "Heart of Darkness"

1200 words - 5 pages The Conflict between Truth and Ideals in "Heart of Darkness"The story "Heart of Darkness", by Joseph Conrad, is concerned as much with the journey into the "darkness" of man's soul as it is with the literal journey into unknown lands. The protagonist, Marlow, describes the moral dilemmas that outweigh the physical ones to his confidantes upon his return to England. Propelled by a lifelong curiosity over the "blank" spaces of the Congo, Marlow

Relationship Between Poverty and Conflict

1439 words - 6 pages “The world is over-armed and peace in under-funded” This phrase said by Ban-Ki Moon, security general of the United Nations emphasizes the interconnection between poverty and conflict. Though both terms can be used separately the two often interplay with one another when dealing with the issue of human security. In the current year, 2013 citizens in undeveloped and developing countries suffer from lack of human security which is essential in

External and Internal Conflict in Hawthorne's Young Goodman Brown

1602 words - 6 pages External and Internal Conflict in “Young Goodman Brown”           Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short story “Young Goodman Brown” manifests a duality of conflict – both an external conflict and an internal conflict. It is the purpose of this essay to explore both types of conflict as manifested in the story.   In the opening lines of the tale there is a compulsion, representing internal conflict, indicated on the part of both the

Similar Essays

Philosophy Of Knowledge; David Hume's "The Origin Of Our Ideas And Skepticism About Causal Reasoning" And "An Argument Against Skepticism," By John Hospers

529 words - 2 pages David Hume's "The Origin of Our Ideas and Skepticism about Causal Reasoning" states his beliefs about knowledge and his idea that we can only have relative certainty of truth. Skeptics concur that there is not enough evidence to predict the future or prove truth. In "An Argument Against Skepticism," John Hospers argues that we can have absolute certainty because there is enough evidence from the past and from our own experiences to prove an

“Hamlet” And The Causal Relationship Between Conflict

1213 words - 5 pages his play “Hamlet” to assert that inner conflict portrays a causal relationship with outward conflict. First, this linear relationship appears with the appearance of the Ghost. In Act one Scene five of “Hamlet”, The Ghost of King Hamlet appears. The inner purpose of the Ghost is that he asks Hamlet to “revenge his foul and most unnatural murder”(1.5.31). The Ghost of King Hamlet serves an important role to the progression of the play because he

What Are The Differences Between Knowledge And Belief? How Do These Apply To Claims About Existence Of Objects?

1361 words - 5 pages really exist.So you see, the question of knowledge and belief is a more complex one than many may think. These explorations could go on forever, but having a limit, I have tried to look at the difference between knowledge and belief, and how these claims apply to the existence of objects, more briefly so in the latter. But the main question was a vast one compared to the second, as once the difference between the two is clarified, it is then with more ease one can explore the question of the existence of objects.

Descartes And The Existence Of Physical Objects

673 words - 3 pages Descartes and the Existence of Physical Objects In his sixth meditation Descartes must return to the doubts he raised in his first one. Here he deals mainly with the mind-body problem and tries to prove whether material things exist with certainty. In this meditation he develops his dualist argument; by making a distinction between mind and body; although he also reveals that the are significantly related. He considers existence of the