At this moment in sub-Saharan Africa, every 3 seconds a child under five dies from AIDS and hunger, and more than 90 percent of the people are suffering long term malnourishment. (World Health Organization) In addition to this, measles are taking the life of a boy almost every minute, when a measles vaccine cost less than $1. (WHO, World Health Organization) "Things are moving in the wrong direction," says Marc Cohen (International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Washington). "If we look at sub-Saharan Africa as a whole, all the projections are that poverty and hunger are going to get worse." There are 31.1 million food-deprived masses, scattered across the region surrounding Ethiopia, and elsewhere. (The Christian Science Monitor, August 1, 2005)
These shocking facts drive us to raise the questions: what is occurring in sub-Saharan Africa? Why are poverty and hunger going to get worse in countries similar to Ethiopia? Is there any quick solution?
To understand the main point of this essay it is essential to understand: Why is this problem important? Well, to begin with, hunger and poverty are beyond comprehension for a lot of people. However, in sub-Saharan Africa, millions face these hardships in a daily basis. We, as part of the human race, must be aware of the ominous need in which millions of sub-Saharan people are. We must recognize their struggle for surviving and commit ourselves to make an effort in order to learn about their suffering. This could be a way to begin helping them. After all, helping them is our obligation as moral people, for whom the suffering of any human being can’t go unnoticed. Moreover, putting aside moral facts, hunger and poverty, combined with high levels of unemployment and a profound distrust of repressive governments, have recently caused the ousting of the corrupt presidents of Tunisia and Egypt, No one can predict where the next unrest will occur, but poor and hungry countries, specially the sub-Saharan ones, are potential candidates. That will be bad news for all of us because it can mean the beginning of new wars, oil prices will soar, economic recovery will not be possible, and the world will be a more dangerous place to live.
Understanding the purpose and importance of this essay allows me to move on to trying to answer my main question. In order to achieve this goal I need to do some research. I want to center my research on finding out what hunger is, and if there is enough food in the world to feed all humanity, then I want to know what the real causes of the hunger are and who suffers from hunger in the world, along with some information about sub- Saharan Africa. Finally, I want investigate a specific case that occurred in Ethiopia, The case of the Ethiopian mother Angenyo Tebeje because is a typical example of the situation in the sub-Saharan region of Africa.
All this background material will allow me to focus on my specific purpose: The attempt to comprehend the crisis in...