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Hunting Benefits Wildlife Conservation Essay

3324 words - 13 pages

The United States is home to many different big-game and small-game species of wildlife. The list ranges from the elusive racoon to the prosperous white-tailed deer, and even to the beastly grizzly bear. Since the United States government adopted the concept of conservation, due partly to the great acts of President Theodore Roosevelt, its has been our moral responsibility to protect the game species of America (Belanger). Our country provides a professional and sufficient way to guide conservation and to develop, regulate, and manage the nation's fish and wildlife resources with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, The International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, and various other conservation groups and organizations. Hunting is the pursuance and killing of wild animals for food, trade, or for sport. Hunting has been in the center of this management movement and in the heart of animal conservation. Hunting contributes greatly to the conservation and management of wildlife populations.
The Anti-Hunting community views hunting as a murderous activity that hunters use simply for enjoyment (IDA). They argue that hunting may have been a necessity for the survival of early humans, but now people seek out and take animals entirely for entertainment. They say hunters pass hunting off as a “sport” to cover up the merciless act of pass-time (PETA). These in opposition say that animals suffer extended deaths and usually do not die immediately from injuries caused by hunters. Also, hunting destroys animal families and communities, often leaving young animals to starve without the aid of their parents. They say that hunting actually causes overpopulation of deer and leads to the genetic downfall of many game species. The animals suffer from great anxiety because of the vehicles and trash that hunters bring to the wilderness, and the continuing chase from man. Hunters use rifles, shotguns, muzzleloaders, crossbows, and bow and arrows to kill the game that are no match for such advanced weapons. The thunderous noise that firearms cause generates discomfort to wild animals and leads to unneeded stress. These actions, objects, and noises keep them from going about their normal ecological processes and causes immense destruction to habitat. To continue their argument, they say that hunting mixes up animal migration, hibernation, and feeding patterns. When hunters roam into the woods in search of their prize, it flushes deer out of the forest into roads causing more animal-vehicle collisions. Wildlife agencies who are over the management of wildlife get their funds from the sale of hunting licences and other hunting related taxes, so they readily ask people to hunt wildlife to keep the funds flowing in. These wildlife agencies treat animals as a crop that hunters will harvest annually (IDA). Furthermore, hunting is an unsafe activity because of negligence, equipment failure, and various types of serious accidents that can cause injuries...

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