Hurricane Ivan hit the North Atlantic Ocean in 2004. It killed more than 100 people, destroyed thousands of homes, and had a negative impact on the government at all levels. The Storm washed out 5 major regions including: The Caribbean, The Cayman Islands, Jamaica, Grenada, and much of the Eastern United States. From an economic standpoint, Hurricane Ivan is one of the costliest Hurricanes on the record ranking 4th behind Hurricane Katrina, Andrew and Ike. Ivan’s winds registered at more than 125 miles per hour, that spread 230 miles wide that measured the size of Texas. This Category 5 Hurricane caused a vast amount of damage to the Gulf Coast as well as the Atlantic Coast. It is estimated that Hurricane Ivan caused 18 billion dollars in damages.
On the 16th of September 2004, Hurricane Ivan, made landfall in Orange Beach, Alabama and registered as not only for the whole outcome of the storm, but precisely in Orange Beach, as category 5; ranking the hurricane one of the top seven dreadful storms throughout history. The storm affected the economy, in many ways. Both the federal and the local governments were strained by the fiscal responsibility to rebuild. The decline in tourism affected local businesses across the city, and the residency declined as some migrated into safer zones of the country.
The storm traveled through the Caribbean, hitting the Cayman Island and Jamaica, before making its way through the Gulf of Mexico, and finally making landfall in Gulf Shores, Alabama.
According to “Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale (HHSH), Ivan is classified as a category 5 Storm. The Cayman Islands were well prepared when comparing it to other countries hit by the storm. “Classical long lives Cape Verde Hurricane” is what most people call it because Hurricane Ivan has been declared as one of the most powerful hurricanes to ever hit the North Atlantic Ocean with wind speeds topping in at 165 MPH. These high winds caused horrific damage and destruction to much of the area. Orange Beach, Alabama, was one of the many areas devastated by the storm. The destruction it left in its wake caused tourism in the Area to decrease, thus affecting the economy on both the city and state level. Just when things seemed to be getting better for Sweet Home Alabama, the hurricane flew in. Hurricane Ivan is one made tremendous collateral, economical, and community damage. THESIS
CASE STUDY/ BODY:
Hurricane Ivan is considered a tragedy to those who were forced to endure the effects it left in its wake. The cyclone “put a major strain on the economy and fiscal pressures on government”. The case study by Picou and Martin (2006) reveals the impacts that a hurricane has and it serves as great example of the economic, collateral, and community damages left to sort through once the storm has passed. Although it is normal for natural disasters to hit Alabama, nothing could have prepared them for the wrath that Hurricane Ivan would unleash.