Hurricanes Essay

975 words - 4 pages

A hurricane is a storm that can spread up to 600 miles and have very strong windsThat move in a spiral motion inward and upward at speeds of 75 to 200 mph. Eachhurricane usually lasts for over a week, moving 10-20 miles per hour over the ocean.Hurricanes gather heat and energy through contact with warm ocean waters. Evaporationfrom the seawater increases their power. Hurricanes rotate in a counter-clockwisedirection around an "eye" in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise direction in theSouthern Hemisphere. The center of the storm or "eye" is the calmest part. It has onlylight winds and fair weather. When they come onto land, the heavy rain, strong winds andlarge waves can damage buildings, trees and cars.A hurricane can be classified as a tropicalstorm depending on the speed of winds, or even as a typhoon depending on where in the world itforms. A hurricane came from the Spanish word "huracan" which was named by Hunraken, theancient Mayan storm god or Hurakan, the god of thunder the word "hurricane" was first used todescribe any tropical cyclone in the West Indies.Today, a hurricane is defined as a tropicalcyclone with high winds that reached speeds of 74 mph or higher. These storms reach the statusof "hurricane" only after strengthening over days or even weeks.This process begins in the warm,moist air over the waters of the region known as the tropics, which includes the Gulf of Mexico,the Caribbean Sea, the eastern North Pacific Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of theInternational Dateline and north of the equator. Tropical depressions, tropical storms, hurricanes,and typhoons are all tropical cyclones, and all may develop in this region. Before it can become ahurricane, a tropical cyclone which is a low pressure system with a high wind circulation thatdevelops over the tropics it must pass through four different stages: tropical disturbance, tropicaldepression, tropical storm and finally, hurricane.Hurricanes form in tropical regions. They form there because they need warmwater at least 80º Fahrenheit, high humidity, moist air, light winds, and warm surfacetemperatures. Summer and early fall months are usually when hurricanes brew up in theoceans around us. Most of the Atlantic hurricanes brew up on the coast of Africa. For thatthe northern hemisphere hurricane season is the months of June and November. The firstsign of a hurricane is thunderstorms over tropical oceans. After the cluster ofthunderstorms arrives they will break away and become organized. It can take anywherefrom hours to several days for a thunderstorm to actually turn into a hurricane. Threethings must happen for a hurricane to form. A continuous evaporation and condensationcycle must happen, patterns of winds that are characterized by the changing of winds, anda difference in air pressure between the surface and altitude. Warm and moist air from theocean will begin to rise. As this warm air rises the water vapor condenses to form darkstorm clouds and rain....

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