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Hurricanes And Their Effects On Louisiana: A Paper About Coastal Erosion On The Coasts Of Louisiana

1326 words - 5 pages

Pompeii was destroyed by a volcano in 79 A.D, on February 7 , in 1812 the New Madrid earthquake caused the illusion that made people think the Mississippi River flowed backward for a few hours , on March 18, 1925, 685 people were killed by a tornado that went through the upper and central Midwest , and on October 8, 1871, the Peshtigo, Wisconsin forest fire destroyed 1.2 million acres of timberland and left 1,182 people dead , and in 1883 the Krakatoa Volcano erupted sending tsunamis crashing into Indonesia killing more than 36,000 . All of these are reminders of the awesome power of nature, and the ability it has to surprise each and every one of us. In South Louisiana we have to deal with another of nature's patterns, and that is hurricanes. One need only look through back issues of newspapers or talk to life long residents to know the fear that a major hurricane can bring. Some of the more deadly in the past were Hurricane Camille, Hurricane Betsy, Hurricane Andrew, the Cheniere Caminanda Hurricane, the Isle Dernieres Hurricane, and the Racer's Storm. In all, Louisiana has been hit directly by more than 25 hurricanes.Deadly Hurricanes that hit the South and Where the Word Hurricane Comes FromSeptember 1965 saw Hurricane Betsy coming across the Gulf Coast. She was a Category 2 hurricane bringing with her came 10-foot storm surges, 105 mile per hour (mph) winds, and was the first storm in United States history to cause more than $1 billion in damages . Hurricane Camille came a shore in 1969 with winds in excess of 200 mph, 20-foot tidal surges, and was a Category 5 storm . Hurricane Andrew rocked Florida in 1992 had winds clocked at over 160 miles per hour. The $20 - $30 billion dollars in damages made it the most costly disaster in the history of the nation at that time . The Cheniere Caminanda Hurricane of 1893 and the Isle Dernieres Hurricane of 1915 devastated the Louisiana coastline and permanently changed small barrier islands like Grand Isle.The word hurricane comes from the derivative of an Indian word that was adopted by both the Spanish and the French during their colonization of Louisiana and its surrounding area. Only in North and Central America are they called hurricanes. Technically, they are known as tropical cyclones, and in other parts of the world, they are known by different names. In the Philippines they are known as baguios, cyclones in the Indian Ocean and Australia, and typhoons in the western North Pacific. With the exception of the word cyclone, these innocuous sounding names should never fool the listener; these storms are made of a revolving band of rain drenching, high wind storms that bring with them above average tidal surges and massive destruction.How Do Hurricanes Form?Hurricanes typically begin life as a preexisting weather pattern. These storms are brought to the hurricane stage by a combination of two things, the ocean and the atmosphere. In order for them to grow into a hurricane, the primary influence from...

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