Hybrid Pros and Cons
Abstract- Today’s environmental situation is continuing to spiral downwards; the ozone layer is receding, habitats being destroyed, and the air is being polluted. Scientists of every nation are researching ways to solve this problem. Due to automobiles sizeable contribution to the environmental crisis, studies are focusing on ways to reduce the harmful emissions caused by the internal combustion engines. Hybrid vehicles offer an alternative to powerful gas engines by providing the car with a secondary propulsion source powered by a strong battery. With this secondary power, car manufactures can reduce the size of the internal combustion engine, which accordingly reduces emissions and raises the vehicles miles per gallon ratio.
There was once a time when you could turn on the news and not hear about the terrible state of the environment or the impending doom that is global warming. That time has become part of the past. The standard automobile can be blamed for a large portion of the conflict. Today’s large gasoline engines spew harmful emissions into the air every time we drive. It is time that society takes a second look at a possible solution, the electric hybrid. HEV’s or hybrid electric vehicles differ from standard vehicles by their source of power. People are flocking to the idea of the electric hybrid because it offers them less time at the gas pump and a cheaper refill. Here in America, hybrid vehicles recently gained their popularity. The hybrid took Japan by storm in the mid 90’s, which has led people to believe that Japan was the ingenuitive force behind its invention; history will show you otherwise.
The first hybrid vehicle to be seen by the public was in 1900 during the Paris Auto Saloon. They were originally electric only taxi-cabs whose drivers had the idea of putting in a small gasoline engine to charge the batteries and increase performance. This idea was used by the Belgian car maker, Pieper, who created the 3.5 horsepower Voiturette. This is considered to be the first commercially available hybrid vehicle. Hybrid vehicles continued to show up in many different forms, but the price was too high for the consumer to catch on. It took about another fifty years for another hybrid vehicle to show up. Even then, it was too expensive for people to take hybrid vehicles seriously. This was until congress passed the “Clean Air Legislation”. General Motors took this new law and started looking into their own hybrid vehicles. Within ten years, they have created a two-cylinder hybrid that could travel up to forty miles per hour. This new concept sparked competition between foreign markets such as Volkswagen and Audi. These manufactures started to create their own hybrid vehicle such as Audi’s rear wheel electric propulsion combined with a front wheel gas propulsion vehicle in the late 1980’s. This...