Hybridity and Ambivalence in Things Fall Apart
Department of English
Things Fall Apart is a post-colonial novel written by Nigerian author Achebe. It is a great example of post colonial literature. This novel shows the scene before missionaries came and the effect of the Christian missionaries on the Igbo society. In the novel ambivalence, hybridity can be found. And how the Christian missionaries entrance make influence on the clan mates of Igbo society. When the people started to follow the missionaries there found hybridity and ambivalence.
New transcultural forms which arise from cross-cultural exchange. Hybridity can be social, political, linguistic, religious, etc. It is not necessarily a peaceful mixture, for it can be contentious and disruptive in its experience. The difference in cultural practice within different groups, however rational a personal is actually very difficult and even impossible and counterproductive, to try and fit together different forms of culture and to pretend that they can easily coexist. The process of cultural hybridity gives rise to new and unidentifiable, a new era of meaning and representation.
In the novel The Guide it can be found that Marco is a foreigner but he likes the temple of India. And he also married with a Indian lady name rosie. Here he made a mixer of culture which is hybridity. As he is foreigner he should like the foreign thing instead of Indian temple or Indian lady like rosie.
In Things Fall Apart when the Christian missionaries arrived and started to spread their religious thought in the Igbo people. In that time some of the clan mates became their religious follower and they changed their name and forget Igbo culture they killed the python which is sacred to the Igbo society. Killing of python is so sinful that if any clan mate accidentally killed any python he had to make sacrifice of atonement and performed an expensive brutal ceremony. But for the influence of missionaries the culture has changed. This is hybridity shows the mixer of culture. As in Things Fall Apart “It is not our custom to fight for our gods, said one of them. Let us not presume to do so now. If a man kills the sacred python in the secrecy of his hut, the matter lies between him and the god. We did not see it.” (Achebe 113)
There is a mixture of tow culture the Igbo culture and the Christian culture in the
Things Fall Apart. Here entrance of church, school, government by the missionaries. They had also built a court where the district commissioner judged cases in ignorance. The church, school, government and the district commissioner this entire thing has brought by the Christian missionaries and that are new to the Igbo people. In Things Fall Apart it’s shown as “but apart from the church, the white man had also brought a government. They had built a court where the district commissioner judged cases in ignorance.” (Achebe 123) Ambivalence:
Ambivalence describes the complex...