Hydraulic Fracturing is the cracking of the Marcellus Shale by injecting more than one million gallons of water, sand, and other chemicals at a high pressure into wells that go as far as 10,000 ft. deep. Miners and people who work for gas companies do this to collect the natural gas that shale rock produces. “Fracking” was developed by Haliburton about 60 years ago. This was a big break through because there was a point in time where the United States was considered energy poor. With this relatively new finding, the U.S. would have a great supply of natural gas, and it will also take part take part in our nations’ process of using “clean” energy in the future. Although there are many positives to the situation, there are also negatives. You can say that fracking is a double sided mirror; beauty and distortion.
Haliburton was founded by Erle P. Haliburton in 1919, where he started with nothing but a wooden mixing box, thus starting an oil well cementing business in Oklahoma. Later on, around 1930 is when the company expanded more to doing things such as, testing cement mixers, offered “acidizing” services to break down resistance of limestone formations and increase production of gas of oil and gas (Haliburton, 2013). This was its first steps in becoming the world’s most vast offshore service. Providing its services to Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, China, Europe and lastly, was realigned to both eastern and western hemispheres in 2006-07 and divided its services into two divisions: completion and production, and drilling and evaluation.
Here’s the beauty of it all; there are many positives to hydraulic cracking for example, there are more people who are getting employed whether they are helping produce, or deliver it. It has also impacted the trade balance between the U.S. and other countries (Kevin A. Hasset, Oxford Energy Forum, 2013). In addition to those, it is a cheap natural gas, it reduced energy dependence on the Middle East, and lastly, it reduced greenhouse gases due to replacement of coal with natural gas (UNF, Chris J. Brown, 2013).
There is a guess that chemists predict that natural shale gas will become our primary source of gas production. Natural gas is highly abundant and the use of it is environmentally responsible. ExxonMobil is a big supporter of hydraulic fracturing and they do their best to conduct the production and safe transportation to the public.
For the distortions; there are some negatives to hydraulic cracking, such as huge water demand, and very large amounts of waste water generated, there is the potential for our drinking water aquifers to become contaminated with fracking chemicals. Not only...