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Analysis Of The Hydrogen Atom

700 words - 3 pages

Hydrogen (comes from the Greek words, hudôr (water), and gennan (generate)) is one of the simplest elements on earth. It is estimated to make up more than ninety percent of all the atoms, three quarters the mass of the universe. Hydrogen has the highest energy content of any common fuel by weight, but the lowest energy content by volume. Hydrogen is the most abundant gas and the source of all energy that we humans receive from the sun, but is not available on Earth. Our Sun, and most of our stars generate energy by fusioning hydrogen to helium. It is only available in compound form. Such as, oxygen being combined with hydrogen, making water or H2O. Or Carbon and Hydrogen combining to make Methane, or CH4. Henry Cavendish first discovered the use of Hydrogen energy, in seventeen sixty-six. Even today we use hydrogen as an energy source, because of its high efficient, non-polluting fuel that can be transported easily, and its heating and power generator that could be token to places, where it is difficult use or have electricity. Because Hydrogen cannot be found on Earth it needs to be manufactured or produced. There are several ways to produce Hydrogen, and make energy for our daily use. The most effective way we manufacture Hydrogen today, is through the process of Steam Reforming. Steam Reforming is done when high pressured steam separates carbon atoms in Methane (Ch4). The hydrogen used in this process is mainly for industrial purposes. Another way we get Hydrogen is through the process of Electrolysis. In eighteen thirty nine, a British scientist Sir William Robert Grove, split water into its basic elements; Hydrogen, and Oxygen, and used the process involving electric current to pass through water (H2O), in order to collect the atoms, in different spots, called Electrolysis. Many agree with the use of electrolysis, because it is extremely pure, and the electricity from renewable sources, can easily power this process. Although there are some disadvantages, Electrolysis is very expensive, it is twelve times more costly than natural gas. Scientist have tried and tested many other...

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