This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology. Essay

1034 words - 4 pages

Hydrogen Fuel CellsWhat if someone told you about a source of energy that was mobile, used air for fuel, and the only emission was water? Then what if they told you that we have the technology right now and is ready to be introduced into the public. Known as hydrogen fuel cells, this technology exists and is the future of energy. Fuel cells do not use fossil fuels and do not have any harmful emissions. Rather, they run off gasses that we breathe everyday and only emit what all life needs most, water. Hydrogen fuel cells are the future of energy because of their environmentally friendly fuel and emissions.Hydrogen fuel cells use the energy given off from the formation of hydrogen and oxygen into water. First, hydrogen flows one side of the fuel cell. Here a simple catalyst is used to break apart the nucleus of the atom from the electrons. As the positive hydrogen ions flow across the membrane, the electrons follow the path of least resistance which is through a circuit. The flow of electrons through the circuit is the usable energy and can be used to power anything electric. When the electrons reach the other side, they meet up with the hydrogen ions and oxygen from the air. Then they all combine and form the fuel cells only emission, water.Because so many things run on electricity, there are endless applications for fuel cells. Being originally invented for the automobile, fuel cells are perfect for cars. Electricity produces a more lower end power than gasoline which is where cars need power the most. They have been found to be much more efficient source of energy in powering homes and businesses. This allows buildings to be more self-contained by not needing power lines strung to them. Micro-fuel cells are now being made for small electronics. These never need new batteries or have to recharge, but just need to be refueled. Even larger hand-held appliances such as laptops that before needed constant recharging will be able to run up to ten hours on a single fill. Then, if needed, additional hydrogen could be carried easily and fill the laptop again instead of needing an outlet and time to recharge it.The fuel cell shown earlier is known as a proton exchange membrane or PEM, but it is not the only type of fuel cell. There are various other forms of this same technology that vary according to their electrolyte and anode gas. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages, which makes each useful in certain applications. The PEM is one of the most promising fuel cell types for widespread use. PEMs are very responsive to varying loads (such as driving) and are increasingly cheap to manufacture. The PEM'sFuel CellTypeElectrolyteAnode GasCathode GasTemperatureEfficiencyProton Exchange Membrane(PEM)solid polymer membranehydrogenpure or atmospheric oxygen75°C(180°F)35-60%Alkaline(AFC)potassium hydroxidehydrogenpureoxygenbelow80°C50-70%Direct Methanol(DMFC)solid polymer membranemethanol solution in...

Find Another Essay On Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology.

Fuel Cells s a Method of Powering a Bus

1093 words - 4 pages , it’s important to research technology that will help improve both fuel economy, and reduce emissions. One method of reducing emissions, while increasing fuel economy is using a hydrogen fuel cell. Fuel cells use the chemical reaction of mixing hydrogen and oxygen to form water, and in the process electrical energy is formed. This energy is used to power a battery, which will then power an electric motor. There are many different types of fuel

The element of Hydrogen Essay

868 words - 4 pages ” webelements). Hydrogen is an incredibly useful element, it was being used in a huge variety of ways, such as, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, infrastructure technology (“Hydrogen” Alternative) hydrogen fuel cell bus, light, fossil fuels(Farndon), chemical application, petrochemical application, Metal application, oil/ gas production, petroleum refining, flat panel displays application and glass products(“Hydrogen” Airproducts). In industry

Hydrogen Fuel Cells Vs. Gasoline

1090 words - 4 pages are fueled by gasoline, a gradually diminishing resource. As a replacement for this fuel, scientists have been experimenting with a new technology called hydrogen fuel cells. Swiss scientist Christian Friedrich Schönbein developed the principle behind the fuel cell in 1838. Then in 1932, the first successful fuel cells were engineered by Francis Thomas Bacon of Britain. The main type of hydrogen fuel cell is the Polymer Electrolyte Membrane

Hydrogen Fuel Cells: A Better Source of Energy?

1833 words - 7 pages Today oil is growing increasingly expensive and pollution is increasing due to the fumes coming from cars and factories. On the other hand, there are a few ways to decrease the pollution on this earth and use an alternative fuel for cars. One of the few ways is to use a hydrogen fuel cell, which is a catalyst that converts the chemical energy of a fuel, such as hydrogen, and an oxidant, such as oxygen, directly to electricity. Hydrogen fuel

Hydrogen

558 words - 2 pages liquid fats to form solid fats through a process called hydrogenation. Many hydrogen compounds, such as ammonia, ethyl alcohol, and hydrogen peroxide, have extensive industrial uses. Hydrogen is also a good reducing agent and is used to recover some metals from their compounds. Hydrogen’s ability to produce heat when united with oxygen makes it a good fuel or fuel enhancer. They Hydrogen Fuel cell is a developing technology that will allow great

Fossil Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emission

1646 words - 7 pages . Krumpelt. "Hydrogen from hydrocarbon fuels for fuel cells." International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 26.4 (2001): 291-301. Web. 27 Apr. 2014. Lampton, Christopher. "How Hydrogen Cars work." HowStuffWorks.com. HowStuffWorks, 09 Apr 2009. Web. 27 Apr 2014. . Ahluwalia, Rajesh, X. Wang, A. Rousseau, and R. Kumar. "Fuel economy of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles." Journal

Hydrogen Vehicles and Their Delay in Production

982 words - 4 pages term President Bush proposed $1.2 billion in research funding for hydrogen-powered automobiles. He called on Americans for their support, saying "Join me in this important innovation to make our air significantly cleaner, and our country much less dependent on foreign sources of energy." (Howstuffworks.com) A hydrogen car, also known as a FCV (Fuel Cell Vehicle) is powered by a fuel cell. A fuel cell is a device that converts the chemical energy

Future of Hydrogen Fuel Cells

1164 words - 5 pages the underlying principles of hydrogen power production in a fuel cell. There exist many hydrogen fuel cells being developed by multiple companies worldwide; however, the fuel cell showing the most promise as a future source of alternative power is the Polymer Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) and is widely regarded as a possible replacement for diesel and petroleum cars (http://www.fctec.com/fctec_types_pem.asp). In this specific type of fuel

"Warning: The Hydrogen Economy May Be More Distant Than It Appears" by Alexander Schmit

603 words - 2 pages process demands.Instead of focusing on the environmental effects of hydrogen energy, maybe the gas itself is also a danger. Properties of hydrogen allow it to be color and odorless, along with being easily ignitable. Gas leaks are likely to be unnoticeable, therefore a person could easily set his or herself on fire. It takes very little static discharge to set hydrogen fuel alight that something as miniscule as a cell phone could provide enough static

Hydrogen: Is it worth it?

1002 words - 5 pages pretty simple once you think about it. It compresses a mixture of air and gasoline into a small and enclosed space, then ignites it, which releases energy for movement, but results in carbon dioxide as a by-product. Hydrogen can be used in one of two ways. The first, the same way as you would use gasoline, in an internal combustion engine. The other would be in a fuel cell to produce electricity. When in a fuel cell, you would need both

Energy Storage

1100 words - 5 pages of sufficiency can be stored for use throughout times when adequate electricity is unavailable, by means of fuel cell technology. But storing this energy is a challenging task, batteries and similar technologies accomplish fine over short spans, but over longer span; altered tactic is necessary. Energy storage in the form of hydrogen is one such option. Extra electricity is fed into an electrolyser to divide water into its basic parts, oxygen and

Similar Essays

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Essay

4711 words - 19 pages Hydrogen Fuel Cell The Hydrogen Fuel Cell could revolutionize the world. This ingenious technology, which creates electricity from the chemical reactions of hydrogen and oxygen has, in its 150-year history, passed many of the critical tests along the path from invention to innovation. Recent developments in fuel cell technology and concurrent developments within the energy and automotive industries have brought the world to brink of the

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Partnership Essay

810 words - 4 pages The California Fuel Cell Partnership is an organization which includes auto manufacturers, energy companies, fuel cell technology companies, and government agencies, that work together to boost the development of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. [1][2] In 1999, two state government agencies, California Air Resources Board and California Energy Commission, came together with six private sector companies, Ballard Power Systems, DaimlerChrysler, Ford

Fuel Cell Technology And Automobiles Essay

823 words - 3 pages will continue in a "private" rather than communitybased direction.Future Forecast of Fuel Cell TechnologyFuture forecasting of this technology is very promising and frightening. Since thegovernment has already implemented a ten-year research and development plan to work out the hydrogen refinement and storage issues, it is definitely in our future. Within fifty years, the entire structure of transportation society will change. There will no

Research Paper On Alternative Fuels

885 words - 4 pages USA has invested billions of dollars on fuel cell research and development. Hydrogen fuel cells are practical because it can generate power efficiently and without pollution. Unlike gasoline when it was first used as fuel for cars it had so many pollutants other than CO2. The very first gasoline powered car was made in 1886 with the technology for the internal combustion engine being more than 200 years old. The pollutants of the first car were