Hyperthyroidism Essay

1869 words - 7 pages

Hyperthyroidism is mostly common found in young women, which graves disease is the major cause of hyperthyroidism, and multinodular goiter is more common in older adults especially women.Hyperthyroidism is a result of excessive amount of circulatory thyroid hormone. Primary Hyperthyroidism, occurs when a problem within the thyroid gland cyases excess hormone release. Secondary hyperthyroidism occurs when there is excessive TSH release from the pituitary gland. With the high levels of hormone will increase the metabolic rate. The fight or flight response is the cause of many of the symptoms of the disease.Graves's disease that is a cause of hyperthyroidism is thought to be an autoimmune disorder, because the thyroid antibodies are present in the blood of these individuals.Multinodular goiter that occurs in older women secretes excess TH. While a pituitary tumor may secrete excess TSH which will over stimulate the thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which there is overproduction of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland, causing the levels of thyroid hormone in the blood to be too high. People who have it are often said to have an "overactive thyroid". These are two major causes of hyperthyroidism. About 95 percent of persons diagnosed with hyperthyroidism are found to have a condition called Graves' disease. Most of the remaining persons have a condition called nodular thyroid disease. A less frequent cause is inflammation of the thyroid gland, called thyroiditis. Most common symptoms of hyperthyroidism.Symptoms include the following; Rapid heartbeat, sometimes with palpitations Extreme tiredness Inability to tolerate heat Excessive sweating Weight loss, with a normal or increased appetite Nervousness and irritability Inability to sleep Shakiness and muscle weakness, often with trembling in the hands Diarrhea Menstrual problems in women, especially lighter periods or absence of periods Some symptoms, such as excessive sweating and the inability to tolerate a hot environment are directly due to heat generated within the body by increased metabolic activity. Weight loss reflects use of body stores of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates, as normal food intake cannot keep up with demand. The presence and severity of symptoms varies from person to person. For reasons not understood, older individuals with hyperthyroidism often have far fewer symptoms compared to younger people. Although many symptoms of hyperthyroidism cause distress, most are not dangerous. An exception occurs in some people who have heart disease. In these cases, untreated hyperthyroidism places additional stress on the heart, causing problems such as heart failure. Treatment for Hyperthyroidism is Anti-thyroid drugs radioactive iodine.Complications that are associated with hyperthyroidism is what is called Thyrotoxic Crisis is a sever hyperthyroid state that can occur in individuals who are untreated, or experiencing stress or an illness. May also occur after surgery that...

Find Another Essay On Hyperthyroidism

Living with Thyroid Disease Essay

1385 words - 6 pages virtually every metabolic activity in the body. It affects every cell throughout your body, including your brain cells. The thyroid hormone keeps everything running. Without enough thyroid hormone, the metabolism slows down. Other body functions slow down as well. The mind can't function normally and the body feels fatigued.Too much thyroid hormone results in an overactive thyroid known as hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism causes everything in the body

Iodine Deficiency Diseases Essay

2981 words - 12 pages adolescent Goiter (Subclinical) hypothyroidism Impaired mental function Retarded physical development Increased susceptibility of the thyroid gland to nuclear radiation Adult Goiter with its complications Hypothyroidism Impaired mental function Spontaneous hyperthyroidism in the elderly Iodine-induced hyperthyroidism Increased susceptibility of the thyroid gland to nuclear radiation There are many examples of Iodine Deficiency Disorders. An example is


912 words - 4 pages aim of the radioactive iodine therapy (for benign conditions) is to kill a portion of the thyroid to [1] prevent goiters from growing larger or [2] producing too much hormone (hyperthyroidism). Occasionally, (often?) the result of radioactive iodine treatment will be that too many cells are damaged so the patient often becomes hypothyroid a year or two later. This is O.K. and usually greatly preferred over the original problem. There are several

Thyroid Disease

1936 words - 8 pages thyroid is a part of a negative feedback loop. Although the goal is to keep stability in hormone levels, situations can occur where the body produces too many or too few hormones. This imbalance is what causes two common diseases: hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Disproportions in hormonal levels of the thyroid have a dramatic effect on the body and can result in abnormalities in many bodily functions. Hypothyroidism is the disease when the

Cat facts

659 words - 3 pages Cat facts Number one cause of euthanasia in cats with behavior problems. Cats backs are more flexible less back injuries. Catnip part of the mint family. Affect 50% house cats are overweight. Moisture canned food best diet for cats. Heart disease and asthma have similar symptoms in cats. Kidney disease or hyperthyroidism in cats have greatest problem with high blood pressure. Some sick cats will eat human baby food but won't eat cat food. If

Human iodine consumption: effects of iodine deficiency and measures taken in response.

1318 words - 5 pages Deficiency Disorders and the United Nations Children's Fund. Since the widespread adoption of salt iodisation in 1993 under the recommendation from ICCIDD IDD prevalence has been reduced by billions but iodine deficiencies still exist in almost every country. Deficiency can be related to food choice, geography and the availability of iodised salt. Iodine may induce hyperthyroidism; this and many other factors must be taken into consideration during


1504 words - 6 pages of ovulatory dysfunction, is a disorder believed to be due to genetic abnormalies which leads to the faster depletion of eggs in an ovary. Women who have this disorder lose more eggs during menstruation than normal women, eventually leading to early menopause. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are diseases of the thyroid gland, also are causes of ovulatory dysfunction though it is not very clear how. Hypothyroidism is when the woman does not

Diet Related Disease Report - Goitre

1213 words - 5 pages – thyroid swelling can be a side effect of certain medications; such as, Lithium. • Hereditary Factors – thyroid swelling may be inherited. It may swell during certain times in one’s life, e.g. pregnancy and puberty, when excess thyroxine and T3 is being produced. • Hyperthyroidism – an overactive thyroid that produces antibodies that imitate TSH and stimulate the thyroid gland uncontrollably. The thyroid responds by synthesising an extreme amount

Heart Palpitation

791 words - 3 pages rise to heart palpitation Although in many occasion of heart palpitation, there can be sign of a serious, chronic underlying problem which may be like: • A thyroid gland which is overactive (hyperthyroidism) • Abnormal heart beat called arrhythmia • There can also be slow heart beats called (bradycardia) • Irregular heart beats called atrial fibrillation Symptoms of palpitations The palpitations can occur when you are at rest

Myasthenia Gravis

988 words - 4 pages of the thymus (a tissue of the immune system). It also may be associated with hyperthyroidism/thyrotoxicosis, rheumatoid arthritis, Lupus (systemic lupus erythematosus), and other immune system disorders. In many cases, no other disorder is identified"(Howard). Treatment No cure for myasthenia gravis has been found. Therefore, the next concern would be to decrease or eliminate the symptoms that accompany the disease. The general life outlook

The Endocrine System

989 words - 4 pages that regulate the body's metabolism, energy, and nervous system activity. The thyroid is a small gland in the neck, in front of the trachea below the larynx. Thyroid hormones control metabolism, which is the body's ability to break down food and store it for energy, and convert food waste products, releasing energy in the process. Hyperthyroidism (too much hormone) may result Grave's disease. Symptoms include anxiety, rapid heart rate, diarrhea and

Similar Essays

The Causes Of Hyperthyroidism Essay

1789 words - 7 pages by a negative feedback loop meaning that when there is a sufficient amount of thyroid hormones in the blood stream, this will signal back to stop production of thyroid stimulating hormones. Complications occur when the thyroid hormones keep increasing even though there is already a sufficient amount of T3 and T4 in the blood stream. This process of over expression of thryroid hormones is known as hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is a general term

Thyroid Disorder Essay

665 words - 3 pages average amount of hormones the body needs. There are two conditions called Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism. If a thyroid becomes bigger than normal size it results into a big lump in front of the throat under the skin which is called a Goiter. It’s not a common disease in the United States but the rates are seeming to increase (Dowshen). There‘s 27 million Americans and 200 million people worldwide that have a thyroid disorder. 80% of graves

Thyroid Gland Diseases. Essay

1098 words - 4 pages very important for regulating growth and metabolism.Thyroid disease occurs when the level of hormone secreted by the thyroid gland is too high or too low (Joyce, 1998). Thyroid disorders cause various symptoms; the two main types of disorders are hypothyroidism, such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and hyperthyroidism, such as Graves' disease (NWHIC, 1998). Both conditions can be difficult to diagnose because they produce relatively mild symptoms

Fm;A Essay

2056 words - 9 pages membrane. Some examples of this kind of hormones are testosterone and estrogens (innerbody.com 2012). According to Medicinenet.com, hyperthyroidism is a disorder caused by a high production of thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone is secreted by the thyroid gland, which is located in the neck, and it is related to growth and development. The production of thyroid hormone is more complex because it does not only depend on the thyroid gland. The