This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Hypnosis: An Evolutionary Perspective On Cognitive Control And Its Applications

2126 words - 9 pages

Woody et al. (2005) sought to utilize hypnosis as a tool to facilitate the understanding of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder by applying the security-motivation hypothesis. This hypothesis is contingent on the belief that a significant aspect of OCD is founded on an inability of the individual to be assured by what they perceive with their senses. In this experiment, even though their hands might appear clean, the individual cannot make that distinction and continues to wash. Two groups of individuals were hypnotized based on either high or low suggestibility with "yedasentience", an endogenous signal that the researchers believe informs an individual that they are secure (or in this case, clean). The two groups of participants were mixed into two conditions: hypnotized to acquire OCD-characteristics related to hand washing or hypnotized to experience a sense of calm and relaxation, which served as the control. Results demonstrated that those in the high hypnotizability-yedasentience blocked group took more time to wash their hands while there was no significant change in the low hypnotizability-yedasentience blocking group. Heart rate was also monitored when receiving suggestions; those suggested the potential harm condition demonstrated an increased heart rate while there was no change for those who received positive suggestions.
To further explore the concept of suppressing repetitive or automated behavior, Williams et al. (2010) detailed two studies related to cognitive control, specifically within the realm of predicting symptoms of psychopathologies such as the aforementioned OCD. This research used a self-report questionnaire that had been developed by the researchers, the Thought Control Ability Questionnaire (TCAQ), which was found to have high internal consistency and test-retest reliability and shown to have a high inverse relationship with obsessional thinking, anxiety, expression, and thought intrusiveness. The second study sought to test its ability to correlate self-reports on the questionnaire of weak cognitive control, specifically the ability to suppress intrusive negative thoughts, with failure in a distress suppressing task with the researchers controlling for OC symptoms and general psychopathology. The suppression task consisted of the participant being told to imagine a certain scenario involving a loved one in a car accident. This scenario is then referred to as the "target thought". In the baseline and monitoring conditions, which were identical and suppression conditions (x2) which followed the baseline than was broken apart by the monitoring conditions (x2). Each condition lasted 3 minutes with the participant pressing "X" on a computer screen each time they experienced the target thought. In-between the experiment condition, participants rated their level of distress and the effort they put in to suppress the target thought (from 1-100). Results held steady in terms of the inverse relationship between TCAQ scores and the...

Find Another Essay On Hypnosis: An Evolutionary Perspective on Cognitive Control and its Applications

The Harlem Renaissance and Its Evolutionary Progress

1832 words - 7 pages Locke which upheld the ideals of being a proud and assertive African American and refusing to submit to the Jim Crow laws. He spoke of the “New Negro” These ideals pushed writers, artists, and musicians to come up with strong and controversial literature, paintings, and compositions that would begin to put a true face on what the African American represented. Locke described the movement as having its roots in Harlem in his book by saying that “…The

Insider and Outsider´s Perspective on Scientology and its Teachings

2570 words - 11 pages to the negative portrayal from the media and the public, “Scientology has grown into a large international, ecclesiastical body with centers in almost half the countries of the world” (Melton 53). Not only has the church given others a “spiritual and optimistic perspective on life” (Melton 53), but also it has given thousands of people a second chance in life freeing them from past traumatic experiences. This paper will critically examine both an

Classism and its perspective

2210 words - 9 pages , et. al (2004) identifies as a framework that people use to make sense of their social class. Five domains are depicted. The domains represent an individual’s feelings, perceptions, judgments, values, etc. based on similar Figure 3. Adapted from Adapted from Lui, et. al (2004). socialization that is experienced by a group. The center domain represents a person’s awareness of social class and ownership of that class. Each of the other domains

Report on Cognitive Psychology and its effects on Depressions and disorders

546 words - 2 pages failure of an exam. We always hear about antidepressants and drug therapies, but what about the non-medicinal therapies? Are they just as effective?Cognitive therapies are one form of non-medicinal therapy. It is a short-term therapy aimed to change a persons negative thoughts and behaviors and have them focus on the present day. (Gilbert, 2004) With cognitive therapy there are three main goals: The first goal is to help patients identify their

Elementary Number Theory and its applications

8820 words - 35 pages Congruence In Elementary Number Theory And Its Applications 同余在初等数论中的应用 Baishi Wang 10114556 Supervisor: Dr. Ignazio Longhi Contents 1 Introduction 2 2 Literature Review 3 3 Methodology 5 4 Chapter 1 6 4.1 Divisibility and Prime Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 4.2 Congruence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5

Google and Some of its Applications

1591 words - 7 pages system (OS) which runs on mobile devices like Smartphones and tablets. The company provides a software development kit so that developers can create new applications that run on this OS. As can be seen from the figure (Figure 4) below, 56% of the phones shipped in Q3 2013 runs with Android OS. The company dominates the mobile market share as a majority of the non-Apple mobile devices use Android as the operating system. This provides an opportunity

Elementary Number Theory and its Applications

6103 words - 24 pages , Manindra Agrawal wrote: We tried! But Sieve theory was too dense for us-we have no background in an- alytical number theory. So after a while we just gave up. Also they did not need to do it, for "the result was stated there in precisely the form we needed", and they could count on its validity by trusting in the referee and a certain interval of time-the more so since Fouvry's result related to the hot topic of Fermat's Last Theorem appeared in

An Individual's Perspective on Democracy

1759 words - 7 pages in all aspects of the government agenda, allowing each individual to be susceptible to and responsible for all laws and reforms enacted. This is the ideal practice of a democracy based on its objective to ensure that each and every decision made by government is approved and assessed by all voting members of society, theoretically allowing for the greatest possible control by the people over the governing body. The concept of pure democracy is an

A study on whether sleep quality has an effect on mood and cognitive function

2036 words - 8 pages . Several studies on sleep deprivation have indicated that sleep deprivation has a negative impact on mood, cognitive performance and motor function due to an increasing sleep inclination and destabilisation. (Durmer & Dinges, 2006).Deprivation of sleep has led to profound deficits in cognitive performance and this is evident in many adverts shown to people, for example not to operate machines or drive when a person is sleepy. The first experiment

RFID Technology and Its Applications in Today´s Business World

2242 words - 9 pages businesses and workers, some of them are Radio Frequency Identification or RFID and Barcodes. Each one of these systems can hold information about a good or product. Also, businesses can figure out where they are wasting huge amounts of money and time where they should not be. This essay reviews RFID technology and its applications in today’s business world. The roots of Radio frequency identification can be traced back to World War II. The British

Applications and Advances in Video on Demand

1990 words - 8 pages , allows even lower transmission rates because of its ability to encode at even lower resolution (Shenoda). This is particularly useful for applications such as CD-ROMs (Shenoda). Numerous ITU and International Standards Organization are associated with MPEG (Shenoda). On-line Application Many of the standards which address clocking, synchronization, delay, packetization, adaptation layers and connection management and routing are currently in

Similar Essays

Evolutionary Heritage And Its Impression On Adolph Hitler

1613 words - 6 pages am ready to swear six false oaths every day." Hitler is a prime example of how humans can have an internal role structure and character structure, and how they can manipulate them based on certain situations. The underlying theme to all of evolutionary theory is that of inclusive fitness, or the overall ability of an organism to maximize the replication of the genes that designed it (McAdams). In Nazi Germany, Hitler started a war for this

Nanotechnology And Its Applications Essay

860 words - 4 pages - Nanotechnology, the engineering of functional systems at the molecular scale, is the powerful and potential tool with vast applications in medicine, electronics, biomaterials and energy production. In recent years, biomedical research based on nanotechnology has been performed resulting in significantly enhanced efficacy in both diagnostics and therapeutics. - In the field of nanomedicine, nanooncology refers to applications of nanotechnology

The Evolutionary Importance Of Maternal Anti Bodies And Its Implications On Evolution And Ecology

970 words - 4 pages whether these antibodies are affecting the offspring’s immunity, including any evolutionary and ecological implications (Boulinier and Staszewski 2008). Maternal antibodies can be transferred to the offspring via the placenta, the egg yolk or even during lactation in the milk produced for each respective organism. An important detail to recall is that depending on the organism, there are different antibodies being transferred from mother to

The Cognitive, Neurophysiological And Evolutionary Theories Of Learning

1248 words - 5 pages . According to Hergenhahn and Olson (2005), the second paradigm is called neurophysiological because it attempts to isolate the mental and physiological correlates of things such as learning, perception, thinking and intelligence. The third paradigm is termed evolutionary because theorists attempt to explain learning processes based on an organism's evolutionary history.DiscussionThere are several theorists whose ideas are predominately cognitive