Hypocrisy And Vanity In Joseph Andrews

6817 words - 27 pages

Hypocrisy and Vanity in Joseph AndrewsBy Caylen-Grasz | October 2013Page 1 of 2In his novel, Joseph Andrews, Henry Fielding uses various type characters to create a satire on the vices of men, finding that, "The only source of the true Ridiculous…is affectation," which "proceeds from one of these two causes, vanity or hypocrisy…" (Fielding 10). These two chief vices reveal themselves through the words, actions, and lifestyles of several of Fielding's characters, some in more harmless forms than others, and often coming hand in hand. A shining example of hypocrisy is displayed while Mr. Adams is travelling with a gentleman who gives a bold discourse on courage and "the infamy of not being ready at all times to sacrifice our lives to our country." During his lecture, the screams of a woman are heard, and Mr. Adams reaches for a weapon to assist. The gentleman is shocked and, trembling, says, "This is no business of ours; let us make as much haste as possible out of the way, or we may fall into their hands ourselves" (115). As Adams dashes off to the woman's aid, the "man of courage" escapes to his own home, "without once looking behind him," where the author leaves him to "contemplate his own bravery, and to censure the want of it in others" (115). However, Mr. Adams is not himself altogether virtuous, and, although perhaps more harmless, demonstrates a revealing combination of vanity and hypocrisy. Adams is frequently found making a vain display of his learning and evaluating the quality of others' educations, often speaking in Latin and chastising others for not behaving according to the Scriptures. He makes himself ridiculous with his high opinion of his accomplishments. When the character Wilson relates his life's tale, Adams searches for a sermon he wrote on the subject of vanity, declaring it so admirable that he would walk five miles to fetch it. He claims he had "never been a greater enemy to any passion than that silly one of vanity (181)," thus exposing his own hypocritical tendency for vanity. Fielding also...بالإضافة إلى Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe وهي الأساسية بهالمادة The novel draws on a variety of inspirations. Written 'in imitation of the manner of Cervantes, the author of Don Quixote' the work owes much of its humour to the techniques of burlesque developed by Cervantes, and its subject-matter to the seemingly loose arrangement of events, digressions and lower-class characters to the genre of writing known as picaresque. In deference to the literary tastes and recurring tropes of the period, it relies on bawdy humour, an impending marriage and a mystery surrounding unknown parentage, but conversely is rich in philosophical digressions, classical erudition and social purpose. يا كثر ما...

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