This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

"I Found Rome A City Of Brick And Left It A City Of Marble" (Augustus, Res Gestae) To What Extent Does Augustus' Public Building Programme Explain His Success As Emperor?

1401 words - 6 pages

There are many reasons for which Augustus was successful emperor amongst which his building programme plays a vital role. Besides his building programme Augustus also used other means to become successful and the main ones are his avoidance of being seen as an arrogant leader or dictator, keeping his promises, claimed to act in the ways and will of their ancestors, he was selfless, he put on games and also his victories at war. The period immediately before Augustus became emperor was one of turmoil in Rome with civil wars, the murdering of Julius Caesar, discontent in the population and a loss of traditional values. These were the problems Augustus faced as he came to power and the problems also faced by Julius Caesar but Augustus had learned from his adoptive father and dealt with matters in a different way. His building programme was part of his way of dealing with the issues at the time and did contribute to his success but in order to make a fair analysis we must look at all methods used by Augustus.To begin with, it is only appropriate that we look at Augustus' building programme first. Almost all of Augustus' initiatives have a reason behind them and his building programme is no different, each type of building relates to a policy adopted by Augustus at the time. As mentioned before, Rome was in turmoil and these troubles were associated with the anger of the gods and Augustus knew that this was a contributing factor in Julius Caesar's death. Augustus used religion in his building programme to restore order and stability. This would restore stability, as the population would feel obliged to respect the gods and authority. In the Res Gestae he mentions the fact that he had restored 82 temples and this high number shows that this policy was a success. At the same time this would prevent others from plotting against him as he associated himself with divinity, firstly through Julius Caesar who was deified then through Jupiter as while he was on a campaign in Spain he was nearly struck by lightning showing his close connection with the gods. He made everyone aware of this connection through the building of the temple of Jupiter.Also by building temples he would show his value of pietas and would bring this value to society again showing that he has the support of the gods and also to maintain order and discipline in the population by instilling in the population traditional values, hits can be seen in section 34 of the Res Gestae. He also wanted to make Romans proud of their city again, as Suetonius says he wanted to make a city worthy to be the capital of the Roman Empire. The physical restoration of Rome an end to the bad times and the decaying of Rome and its values and represented a rise to glory with which Augustus associated himself with. Another aspect of glory, which was represented by his building programme, was military glory. He built a temple to Mars to remind his subjects of the glorious victories over his enemies. All these...

Find Another Essay On "I found Rome a city of brick and left it a city of marble" (Augustus, Res Gestae) To what extent does Augustus' public building programme explain his success as emperor?


821 words - 3 pages achievementsThe Temple of Apollo was linked to his home on the PalatineAugustus (and the emperors after him) was Pontifex Maximus, head of the college of Pontiffs. This position was for life.Other priesthoods that Augustus held were, as he outlined in his Res Gestae: 'I am pontifex maximus, an augur, a quindecimvir for sacrifices, a septemvir for sacred banquets, an Arval Brother, a sodalis Titius, and a fetialis---.'Augustus reinstated the Compitalia

The Character and Achievements of Roman Emperor Augustus

842 words - 3 pages . Although the piece references many great works of Augustus, the general tone of the work and the particular way Suetonius wrote about him was a lot less praiseful than it appears to be. He explains some Augustus’ less dignified moments in his life and many of his cruel acts as emperor. Tacitus, the Annals of Imperial Rome by Tacitus portrays a very different image of Augustus. He praises Augustus on occasion however, he also mentions his less

Augustus the Mighty Saviour of Rome

2043 words - 9 pages had swept through the city of Rome during this period, leading to a complete break down of civil society. Following the battle of Actium (31 BC), Rome was left under the sole dominion of Octavian, who had the same political goals as Julius Caesar but he wished to avoid the same mistakes (Halliday 1922: 160). In naming himself dictator for life, Julius Caesar had set about the events that had led to his assassination, a fate that Augustus wished to

“Augustus had such a tight grip on the government of Rome that no opposition was possible” - Ancient History - Rome - Essay

1012 words - 5 pages therefore people who did not support Augustus completely would inevitably lead oppositions against Augustus. Augustus attempted to maintain control of Rome through many means. He maintained control indirectly in order to avoid the same fate as Caesar. In Res Gestae it is stated that he used his money to gain a lot of respect and support, for example he gave soldiers land or money as payment for their service, this shows Augustus’ generosity and

The City of Rome

1159 words - 5 pages of Rome. Here the Senate building was located as well as the Mamertime prison, where prisoners were kept prior to their executions. The Colosseum had not yet been built (it was completed in A.D. 80).Throughout the city were numerous temples dedicated to many deities and to the deified Caesars. The palaces of the Caesars were located in the Circus Maximus and crowned the Palatine Hill” (Arnold, Pg. 266). “The Arch of Constantine, which he built

Augustus Caesar - The First Roman Emperor

779 words - 3 pages power as Pontifex Maximus to prohibit the Roman people from participating in mystery cults.      History remembers the greatness of Augustus in several ways. Although it seems unusual, it is worthy of mention that Augustus Caesar was one of the few emperors to die a natural death. Augustus entered a city of brick and stone and left a city of marble. He extended the boundaries of the empire and reorganized its administration. His reign starts a

Should Augustus Have Been the First Emperor?

787 words - 4 pages with Cleopatra, while his wife and brother rebelled against Octavius’ rule. Antony traveled back to Rome, not knowing that his wife had died. Octavius, known now as Augustus, was now related to Antony. At the current time of their relation, Augustus was known as the patriarch of Rome, being their first emperor. Antony accused Octavian of being “usurper, forging evidence of his adoption by Caesar” (“Mark Antony”). Octavian responded to the insult

Rome also known as the ancient city was the capital of the greatest empire of the ancient world. It was a great and prosperous city that was filled with at least one million people

3899 words - 16 pages doomed. The struggle between Marius and Sullaled to a civil war. Pompey emerged as a popular champion and found an allyin Julius Caesar, a popular democratic leader. With Marcus Licinius Crassus,Pompey and Caesar formed the First Triumvirate 60 Before Christ. Caesarthen left Rome and acquired fame in the Gallic wars. Within ten yearsPompey and Caesar fell out, and by his victory at Pharsala 48 Before ChristCaesar became master of Rome. The rule

A City Endlessly Rewritten: Some Versions and Appropriations of Rome in the Long Eighteenth Century

5861 words - 23 pages ;enѕe of place. Ѕometimeѕ the very diѕjunction of paѕt and preѕent becomeѕ the ѕubject, aѕ in the caѕe of Piraneѕi, who imagined laying bare the fragmentѕ of ancient Roman greatneѕѕ by annihilating ѕtructureѕ of later centurieѕ. In hiѕ topographical map of Rome with itѕ border of fragmentѕ of an ancient marble city plan, Pirane

'Indicate left and turn right'. To what extent does it represent Blair's policy?

1958 words - 8 pages Spending his holiday on the Ile de Re with Lionel Jospin, Tony Blair and the then French Prime Minister were visiting the island by car. As they arrived at a crossroads, Jospin asked him which way to go. 'Indicate left and turn right', Blair answered. Even though the truthfulness of such a discussion is disputable, the clear-cut idea held by some commentators -e.g. the journalist Nick Cohen- that the British Prime Minister had been somehow

Public Art in Greece: To what extent and in what ways does the Parthenon perform the function of a gigantic billboard for the late fifth century Athens? For whom is it intended?

1808 words - 7 pages back to the Bronze Age" . This was proof that "the Athenian artists had not lost touch with their religious roots" . Their work was visible proof and reinforcement of a lasting legacy of a deep-seated cultural/religious heritage, not only for Athenians but the rest of the world."The influence of the Parthenon was vast because it stood as a symbol for civilization and rationality. Its sculpture was highly public - the official manifestation of city

Similar Essays

Augustus: First Emperor Of Rome Essay

925 words - 4 pages Augustus: First Emperor of Rome “I found Rome built of bricks; I leave her clothed in marble.” - Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus ( Augustus, born Gaius Octavius, also known Augustus Caesar or Octavian, or by his adopted name Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, is one the Rome’s most iconic emperors. Born on September 23 in the year 63 B.C., and the great-nephew of Julius Caesar, Augustus ascended to the throne after Caesar’s

Augustus Ceasar Of Rome Essay

1260 words - 6 pages for an unknown reason. Augustus' last words are believed to be the following: “ I found Rome a city of clay; I leave it to you of marble”, and his final words, supposedly said to his friends that had stayed alongside him through his rise to power, added in the quote “Have I played the part well? Then applaud me as I exit.”. After acknowledging human frailty, Rome's senate officially declared the departed emperor, much like the previous emperor

This Is A Biography On Augustus Caesar. Tells About His Life And Accomplishments As A Ruler Of Rome

2470 words - 10 pages worshipped as a god by some of the citizens and he did not want this. He made it mandatory that if he was going to be worshipped as a deity, that the citizens worship the city of Rome, not just him. Augustus main goal was that Rome be prosperous and very appealing to all people (Delta).Augustus died peacefully at Nola on the 19th of August in 14 A.D. (Hornblower, Companion 107). Augustus Caesar was a very powerful man who only used his power for

Emperor Augustus Essay

1587 words - 6 pages organized a fire and police force, built roads and water systems, and replaced the ancient architecture in the city of Rome with new ones. (Perry, 145) On August 19th, 14 AD, Augustus died at 75 years old; the month of his death happened to be the month he was named after. One can say that the legacy a person leaves after death defines their greatness when they were living. Augustus once said "I found Rome a city of brick, and left it a city of