Ice Packs And Hot Packs Essay

1123 words - 5 pages

Ice Packs and Hot Packs
There are several different forms of therapy from Physical therapy, occupational therapy and even pet therapy. Another form of therapy is cold and hot therapy. Cold and hot therapy can be very effective in reducing inflammation and speeding up the healing process in injures. Hot and cold packs both end in the same result, they both reduce pain and stimulate the release of endorphins.
Ice packs and hot packs can be very helpful for both injuries and the reducing of swelling and pain. “Inside the plastic container of a cold pack there is a compartment containing solid ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) that is separated form a compartment containing water.” (Timberlake, Karen, ...view middle of the document...

Cold packs should be used on acute trauma or soft tissue injuries, including strains and sprains post stop pain, and emergent treatment of minor burns. Cold packs should not be used for people who are cold intolerance, cryotherpy- induced neuropraxia/axontmesis, cryoglobulinemia, cold hypersensitivity, Raynaud’s disease/ phenomenon. Ice is especially very effective for the knee and joints. The acronym R.I.C.E. is very effective for injuries because it consist of rest, ice, compression and elevation. Not everyone should use ice. Those who have ischemia or impaired blood flow could get worse if they use ice, therefore heat is highly recommended. When you are using an ice pack you should never put the ice pack directly to your skin because it can cause frostbite or burn your skin. Another way you can ice is by using a frozen juice that is still in its can. Ice packs can also be very useful for in reducing fevers. When your body temperature reaches above 100 farinheight using ice can take the high body temperature to a normal temperature. In addition to the above stated methods, cold packs are used for are reducing hot flashes for women. Hot flashes are very common in women who are going through menopause. Cold packs can be used for several different things but mostly in reducing inflammation in injuries.
Applying a hot pack increases the blood flow, which also increases the immune responders causing them to come to the site faster and clear away the debris. “…a hot pack contains a salt such as CaCl2. When one mole of CaCl2 dissolves in water, 82 KJ are released. The temperature changes as much as 66oC to give a hot pack that is ready to use.” (Timberlake, Karen, 245 ) Hot packs cause the blood vessels to vasodialate and increase blood flow. When hot packs come in different ways from hot pads to electronic heating pads to hot gel packs. Heat is usually used to speed up the healing process. Just like cold packs hot packs should be used only 15 to 20 minutes. Unlike cold packs hot packs generate heat better then cold. One should never put the hot pack to close to their skin because one can get burned. Hot...

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