Iceberg Theory Essay

886 words - 4 pages

Lin 2Tommy LinMrs. PasillasAmerican Literature Period 2April 8, 2014Iceberg TheoryIceberg theory was an idea of a new theory Ernest Hemingway conceived after finishing his short story "Out of Season". Later in Death in the Afternoon, he compared the theory to an iceberg, "If a writer of prose knows enough of what he is writing about he may omit things that he knows and the reader, if the writer is writing truly enough, will have a feeling of those things as strongly as though the writer had stated them. The dignity of movement of an ice-berg is due to only one-eighth of it being above water. A writer who omits things because he does not know them only makes hollow places in his writing" (Chapter 16). He believed that a writer could describe an action while conveying a different message about the action itself. Hemingway described the method in his essay," A few things I have found to be true. If you leave out important things or events that you know about, the story is strengthened. If you leave or skip something because you do not know it, the story will be worthless. The test of any story is how very good the stuff that you, not your editors, omit" (The Art of Short Story par. 7). By using this method, different person might have different interpretation from the text, and this allow him to talk about the phenomenon in society in his way without offending others.The short sentences in Hemingway's stories is a good representation of the iceberg theory. Just like the iceberg, it only reveal small part of itself to the world. Hemingway believed that the true meaning of a piece of writing should not be evident from the surface of the story. By using short sentences, He can tell the full story in a limited length. Provide only the important parts and cut off anything that is unnecessary, a short story has to be short, it would become worthless if the writer try to describe a thing by using long sentences.Themes in Hemingway's stories reflect many phenomenon in the society. In Cat in the Rain, selfishness is one of the main themes. "I'm going down and get that kitty, / I want to have a kitty sit on my lap, / Oh, shut up and get something to read"(Cat in the Rain line 72-75). The selfishness of the wife and the husband can be clearly see here. The husband wants a quiet place and keep ignoring the wife; the wife wants to be love and keep asking for it. Both of them want to...

Find Another Essay On Iceberg Theory

FREUD’S PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY IN TERMS OF HUMAN TREATMENT AND ITS EFFECTS ON LITERATURE

1981 words - 8 pages Running head: SIGMUND FREUD AND PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY 1FROM PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY TO LITERATURE 9FREUD'S PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY IN TERMS OF HUMAN TREATMENT AND ITS EFFECTS ON LITERATURE Burçak UlucaKocaeli UniversityAuthor NoteThis paper was prepared for Literary Theory and Criticism II, taught by Prof.Dr. ToprakAbstractSigmund Freud is neurologist, psychiatrist and the father of the psychoanalysis theory. For him people are ill minded

The Presence of an Iceberg in A Clean, Well-Lighted Place

2449 words - 10 pages Presence of an iceberg in "A clean, well-lighted place From the short story, ‘A clean, well-lighted place’, Hemingway has comprehensively used his theory of omission. The first part where this theory is used is in the definition of the characters present in the story. The old man, who is the first character, is brought out with lots of omissions regarding his details (Hemingway 1). The old man is only described as old and deaf. In addition, it

Compare Research

597 words - 2 pages Compare ResearchPsychoanalytic theory is a view of personality; its nature and development. It views how, when and why personality changes. Freud said "Personality is like an iceberg in that the conscious aspects of it are all that is visible, the unconscious being the vast bulk hidden as if beneath the water"(, ).The interpretation of dreams can be achieved on one's own dream just as on everyone. We can learn more about are own dreams, this

Philosophy of One Century is the Common Sense of the Next.

622 words - 2 pages It is often a new and unfamiliar ideology or theory could be brought to the surface of research and analytical discussion for the purpose that more people would start to accept and understand it after a period of time. People are curious; the novelty of theory often drives a person to discover and further apply it in life. The more observation of this newly invented idea a person has, the higher possibility it become knowledge and learned by

Sigmund Freud and His Psychology

3501 words - 14 pages view on the mind is in the shape of an iceberg. He believes that mankind's mind works in the unconscious, which I do not agree with at all I feel that man is mostly conscious when it comes to behaviors. Every choice that mankind makes he is aware of, but maybe the consequences of our action might be unknown. The Structure of Personality which is another interesting part of Freud's theory basically states that we have an ID, a Superego

Sigmund Freud's Views on Psychology

1814 words - 8 pages hours that Sigmund Freud spent analyzing the mind, he developed a theory that the mind has two parts: conscious and unconscious. The conscious mind is everything that people are aware of, such as people, places, and objects (McLeod). Where as, the unconscious mind is “a repository of a cauldron of primitive wishes and impulse kept at bay and mediated by the preconscious area” (McLeod). This means that the unconscious part of the human mind is where

Evaluating the Main Theories of Counselling

1793 words - 7 pages , collecting information from his patients such as feelings, thoughts and early childhood experiences. The psychodynamic theory focuses on the unconscious mind. Freud’s credence is that different mental forces operate in the mind. The unconscious mind can be described as being like an iceberg. The tip of the iceberg represents the part of the mind that is conscious, everyday thoughts. The iceberg just below the water’s surface represents the

Hero And Villian

1676 words - 7 pages Untitled Heroes and Villains The vast bulk of world culture revolves around drama and conflict.� Audiences gravitate towards narratives that revolve around conflict between agents of good and evil.� Good agents are called protagonists, and bad agents are called antagonists.� A more common use for these terms is hero and villain, and their perennial conflict between order and chaos.� In theory, heroes champion society and advance the

Mrs.Mallards character (The story of an hour)

2220 words - 9 pages predecessors and from his contemporaries, however, is the theory he produces to deal with the challenge of spatial limitation which every short story writer has to face: how can he say more than his space actually allows him to say? The principle of the iceberg, as the theory is called by Hemingway, leaves distinctive imprints on his short stories: a clipped, spare style, naturalistic presentation of actions and observations, heavy reliance on dramatic

Analysis of Hemingway's narrative technique as a short story writer(A clean, well-lighted place; Now I lay me; A way you'll never be)

2230 words - 9 pages and from his contemporaries, however, is the theory he produces to deal with the challenge of spatial limitation which every short story writer has to face: how can he say more than his space actually allows him to say? The principle of the iceberg, as the theory is called by Hemingway, leaves distinctive imprints on his short stories: a clipped, spare style, naturalistic presentation of actions and observations, heavy reliance on dramatic

Psychodynamic Model

2115 words - 8 pages ). Psychodynamics, basically, focuses on the formation of psychic energy (Hall, 1954) and its distribution over the human system and development by the virtue of interaction among ‘id’, ‘ego’ and ‘superego’ (Freud, 1923). Some of the key believes of psychodynamic are discussed here. Firstly, Freud believed that the mind is like an iceberg (Freud, 1953) , mostly hidden, and that free association would ultimately let a patient retrieve memories from

Similar Essays

Ernest Hemingway 2 Essay

561 words - 2 pages Final Draft Hemingway Essay A good writer's objective is to say as much as possible as briefly as possible. This enables the thinking about the implications of the word's presented. Ernest Hemingway explained this idea in his "iceberg" theory of writing fiction in an interview for Paris Review: " If it is any use to know it, I always try to write on the principle of the iceberg. There are seven-eighths of it under water for every part

A Raisin In The Sound & The American Dream

4398 words - 18 pages Bergische Universität WuppertalEnglisches SeminarSeminar: American ModernismDozent: Dr. Michael ButterBahar YildirimSunday, March 23, 2014SeminararbeitHemingway`s Iceberg Theory in "Hills Like White Elephants"Im Rahmen des SeminarsAmerican ModernismWS 2013/2014Bahar YildirimMatrikelnummer: 831655Studiengang: Angelistik & Wirtschaftswissenschaften KombiBa 2010Emailadresse: 831655@uni-wuppertal.deTable of Contents1. Introduction&hellip

The 'unsinkable' Disappears Beneath Ocean Floor (Newspaper Artical On The Sinking On The Titanic)

1090 words - 4 pages On April 10th 1912, the British liner, Titanic, glided out of Southampton harbor on her first voyage ever for New York with over 2,200 passengers on her deck waving farewell to their loved ones. As the giant ship set sail on that faithful afternoon, no-one would have believed that a massive iceberg will only allow the total of just 705 of them to ever set foot land again.The Titanic was the ultimate in sea-going luxury, displacing 66,000 tons

Interpretation Of Dreams: Freud Vs. Jung

757 words - 3 pages believe in the existence of a conscious and unconscious mind. To better understand the difference between the two psychologists often use the analogy of an iceberg. The part of the iceberg above the surface of the water and can be seen by anyone is the conscious mind. It is the part of the mind we "live in" and contains information that we are aware of. The majority of the iceberg, which is below the surface of the water, is what Freud referred to as