Icelandic Society Essay

1747 words - 7 pages

Iceland is the one of the country where has the highest quality of life in the world. Most people get educated and have ability to access social services. Moreover, it is well known of beautiful nature country where has abundant of natural resources, which is considerably essential for economy and tourism.These all factors can be displayed that Iceland has well standard of living without any big problem like the other countries. However, every society has the strength and the weakness. Iceland also has many difficulties like the others. In Iceland, volcano eruption is the unavoidable problem that impacts people and environment in negative way. In the past, when the Laki volcano erupted in 1783, it caused fallouts across the Iceland and nearby country. One of five populations and half of livestock perished because of volcano’s poisonous gas and thousand people have a time of hardship with harsh weather. All these impact are the result of volcano eruption( Vandenberghe ,2010). Furthermore, there is another problem of Iceland that may lead country in the high risk of fall down. The attempt to protect their marine resources for its economy causes the conflict with neighbor country. Recently, Iceland has dispute with coastal countries owing to catching mackerel quota. Lacking of agreement and solution can affect the relationship between Iceland and other countries and may end up with being hostile if they cannot solve the problem. In this paper, I will analyze these two problems that whether they might lead country to collapse or not by using the Jared Diamond’s frameworks which can describe how society can be fail or success

Iceland locates between north Atlantic and Arctic Ocean. It is one of the biggest islands in Europe continent. It settles between two plates tectonic where are full of lava fields and hot spot ( Briney,2010). These features enable Iceland to produce geothermal power and hydropower, which plentifully provide to citizen (iceland.is, n.d.). On the flipside, Iceland has to confront with high risk of natural disaster, volcano eruption. The central highland of country is unsuitable for living because some areas are covered by glacier and lava field. Most people, two thirds of population, live in the capital city, Reyjavik, and along the coastline near the seaport. The density of Icelandic population is considered to be the most lightly populated in Europe because it has approximately 3.2 people per square kilometer. The Iceland’s territorial waters are enclosed with rich of marine resources. The fishing industry plays a vital role of Iceland’s economy since it is the main export calculated for 40% of total export’s revenue and contributes a lot of job, approximately 35,000 work forces, and revenue to country, 26 % GDP derives from ocean clusters in 2010 (Sigfusson and Arnason, 2010). However, it is also vulnerable to the problem such as the fluctuation of fisheries stocks and dispute with neighbor country. The main trading partners...

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