Id, Ego, And Superego In The Lord Of The Flies By William Golding

795 words - 3 pages

Lord of the Flies was written by a British author in 1954. The book is about a group of British school boys that crash on an island and have to survive. During their time on the island they turn their backs on being civil and become savages. Ralph is the elected leader and always thinks civil. Jack leaves the group and starts a tribe with the boys and is a savage. Piggy is a boy who is knowable. Simon is compared to Jesus through the book and is the only naturally “good” character. The littleuns are the littler kids on the island. Roger is a cruel older boy who is Jack’s lieutenant. Samneric are twins who are close to Ralph but, are manipulated by Jack later on. In the book Lord of the Flies by William Golding some of the characters represent id, ego, and superego. Id, ego, and super ego are the three parts of the psychic apparatus expressed by Sigmund Freud’s structural model of the psyche. Golding expresses his message of evil and how it is natural in every person, and how we must recognize and control it through id, ego, and superego.
Jack is the id in Lord of the Flies. Id is a part of a person's unconscious mind that relates to basic needs and desires. Jack is a savage who only wants to hunt and kill. After the killing of the first pig “His mind was crowded with memories; memories of the knowledge that had come to them when they closed in on the struggling pig, knowledge that they had outwitted a living thing, imposed their will upon it, taken away its life like a long satisfying drink” (Golding, 70).
The fact that Jack would compare stealing the life of a living creature to a satisfying drink shows the savagery inside of him. Also, all Jack can think about are memories from the hunt he obviously desires hunting. As Jack went hunting by himself “He tried to convey the compulsion to track down and kill that was swallowing him up” (Golding, 51). At this point hunting has consumed Jack. All Jack can think about doing is killing to satisfy his needs.
Ralph is the ego in Lord of the Flies. Ego is a part of the mind that senses and adapts to the real world. Ralph...

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