Ida B. Wells And Her Crusade Against Lynching. Includes Information About The 13th, 14th, And 15th Amendments And The Enforcement Acts.

960 words - 4 pages

Ida B. Wells and the Crusade against LynchingDuring the beginning of the 1880's, a series of laws known as the Jim Crow laws were passed. These laws legalized segregation between blacks and whites. When the blacks tried to stand up to the oppression they were threatened and in some cases killed. During this time, there were many lynchings and unfortunately, it was very common then. Frederick Douglass once said in a speech, "If there is no struggle there is no progress.... This struggle may be a moral one, or it may be a physical one.... But it must be a struggle."The 13th Amendment freed the black slaves, the 14th granted them citizenship and the 15th allowed them to vote, but even though they were free, they were still treated differently. Whenever they tried to rise up against the white, they were challenged with violence. The Ku Klux Klan was formed with no intentions of becoming a terrorist organization, but it grew into one quickly. Many people joined, from many the Southern states, the members were white and some even held honorable positions in the community. They dressed in white robes, masks, and wore cone shaped hats. They beat and murdered thousands, not caring if the people they hurt were men, women, children, or old, as long as they were black they were in danger of being victimized by the Ku Klux Klan. However, some states fought against the Ku Klux Klan. In Texas, Governor Edmund Davis organized a crack state police unit, and arrested 6,000 members. The Enforcement Acts of 1870 and 1871 issued by the federal government also lead to the fall of the Ku Klux Klan.The Enforcement Acts were also known as the force bills. They were a series of laws that used to enforce the laws of Congress. The Enforcement Act of 1870 was used to protect the 15th Amendment. The act fined or imprisoned people who didn't allow citizens to vote. The act was need because the blacks who did go to the polls often were beaten for voting differently, or just because they were there. The Enforcement Act of 1871 stated that the terrorists acts of the Ku Klux Klan was equivalent to rebellion and it allowed the President to take away the right of habeas corpus in lawless areas. Habeas corpus is the right to know the charges held against a person. Under this act hundred were indicted, fined, and imprisoned.Although the Ku Klux Klan was no longer an active terrorist organization blacks were still being killed. Many of them were being lynched. Lynchings were executions without due process of law, they were mob- murders. Lynchings usually took place in angry mobs, and were very cruel.A woman called Ida B. Wells, worked long and hard to stop these lynchings. She started out as a teacher at Holly Springs,...

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