Information Theory & Optimization For Location Of Sensors In Water Distribution For Contaminant Detection

3483 words - 14 pages

Abstract: The fresh drinking water is basic need of every human being. With the increase in population the dependency on water resources increasing day by day which are all ready in scared. But the population expands on the banks of rivers, nalas, and lakes or on water ponds. Because in this they can easily access water and there sewerage enters in these water bodies. In this way the lakes and water resources polluted which are dangerous for the health of downstream population. The Rawal Dam is a key water supply resource for citizens of Rawalpindi and cantonment. The increasing population nearby of this dam such as Bari Imam, Noor pur shahan, Banigala, diplomatic Enclave and Quiad-e-Azam University contributing a lot of contamination in the dam. The increasing in the technology there are a number of new and advanced system which can be used for detection of contamination and alarming systems to alarm about any contamination before it happened. There are a number of different types of sensors which are using for detection of contamination. The use of GIS (Geographic Information System) with sensors to detect about exact location and analysis that how much it effects can easily perform. In this paper the focus area is that how different sensors which are used for detection of different sensors can be integrated to detect of different contaminations for water resources or water distribution channels.

General Terms: Geographic Information System (GIS)
Keywords: service-oriented architecture (SOA), Remote Sensing (RS), Sensors, GPS (Global Position System), Relational Database, watershed, sensors ontology, TDS (Total Dissolved Solids), CWS (contamination water systems), SPOT (Sensor Placement Optimization Toolkit)

1. Introduction:

14, 000 people died daily due to water pollution in the world [1]. According to 2nd UN World Water Development Report that a billion people which are more than one-fifth of the total populations are away from safe dirking water.
Geographic information system (GIS) have wide-spread utility in a variety of domains for the management of complex data obtained from Remote Sensing, automated mapping and facilities management systems, and myriad of other applications. Recently, some researchers are applying GIS to manage the placement of wired and wireless sensors and sensor networks across large, and often remote geographic regions, as wells developing GIS interfaces to dynamically discover, query and task sensors within a service-oriented architecture (SOA) [2,3].
There are two types of sensing equipment (devices), which are stand alone sensors and sensors within network. Sensor network composed of node of the more sensing devices on the node stand alone sensors perform functions autonomously and don not rely on other senores, many stand alone devices have a programmer’s interface (API) to task and received data from the snores stand alone sensors can be integrated into a network, but are not regards as nodes...

Find Another Essay On Information Theory & Optimization for Location of Sensors in Water Distribution for Contaminant Detection

Ethical Dilemma for Location Approvals Essay

689 words - 3 pages line, but once he pays the bribe, he will be expected to every time. It’s only a matter of time before someone finds out. If caught, the punishment will be a lot worse than risking his job. It is unethical to pay bribes and in most areas illegal. My recommendation would be for Raul to go to Ian, and explain to him that the zoning approvals are taking longer than expected. As Raul’s manager, it is Ian’s responsibility to pass that information along to corporate. In the future, D&R Company needs to plan ahead for the delays, and start the process of getting the zoning approvals a lot sooner.

Best Practices for the Prevention and Detection of Fraud

1679 words - 7 pages process are the best practices for the prevention and detection of fraud. In 2002, after a chain of highly publicized corporate scandals, Congress passed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, intending to restore investor confidence in publicly traded securities. Traditionally, management and the board of directors were in charge of managing the company and preparing financial statements. However, this new law makes it clear that they are also in charge

Discuss the significance of food in Like Water for Chocolate.

694 words - 3 pages Essay Final1. Discuss the significance of food in Like Water for Chocolate.Food equals memory and memory equals immortality. In the recipes we pass downfrom generation to generation, in the food of our mothers, we reawaken the past, make the present more real, perhaps capture a bit of the future. Food is about history, with handed down recipes such as in Like Water for Chocolate, the chef can remember the past. Tita when she cooked could

Significance Of Fire In Like Water For Chocolate

1045 words - 4 pages The Significance of Fire in Like Water for Chocolate In the novel Like Water for Chocolate, by Laura Esquivel, fire is used as imagery to symbolize the release of strong, intense passion by the characters of the novel. Fire as well as coldness ( which is used to describe the absense of passion) influences the way that the reader views the characters, Mama Elena, Tita, Pedro, Rosaura and Gertrudis and illustrates the love, lust and emotion that

MULTI-SCALE MATCHING FOR THE AUTOMATIC LOCATION OF CONTROL POINTS IN LARGE SCALE AERIAL IMAGES USING TERRESTRIAL SCENES

2263 words - 10 pages 1. INTRODUCTION The proposed technique aims at the automatic location and measurement of Ground Control Points (GCPs) in aerial images using vertical terrestrial chips and considering large search spaces. The availability of data derived by integrated Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and Inertial Navigation System (INS) systems have been used for the direct sensor orientation (DSO) in photogrammetric processes. The correction of

Devising of Optimization Models and Modelling Systems for Supply Chain Planning and Management

1847 words - 7 pages integrate other departments and functions that were outside of the manufacturing-planning arena, but still were related. (Chapman 1996, 1-7) Essentially, ERP systems are the software infrastructure that facilitates the flow of information between all functions in a company (manufacturing, logistics, finance, human resources, etc.)At their core, you can visualize ERP systems as huge database applications for storing transaction data. When your sales

Promotion Mix and Channels of Distribution for Farmer’s Choice Products

1254 words - 5 pages is similar in any nation, namely to converse information and influential appeals efficiently. For various goods, pleas are satisfactorily common and the markets are adequately consistent to allow utilization of very comparable advertising in numerous countries. It is just the media approach and the particulars of a message that must be adjusted to each state’s cultural, economic, and political setting. On the other hand, care must be implemented

Geographic Distribution of Natural Resources for Energy Production

1485 words - 6 pages has an ample supply of coal, so there is currently no urgency to make the switch over to nuclear power. Now, as far as every day energy distribution of natural resources is concerned, each resource is designated for one certain purpose. For example, nuclear energy is used for the production of power (power plants) rather than powering a car due to the sheer complexity and hazards in making a compact nuclear reactor. Instead, resources such as

Discuss the reasons for the global distribution of heart disease.

1113 words - 4 pages bus or using a car rather than walking or cycling to where we want to get to. With increasing obesity we are also getting an increase of coronary heart disease.The distribution across the United Kingdom varies. For example, the people in the UK most likely to get coronary heart disease are those in the north west of England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Manual workers are at a higher risk than those who have desk jobs are. South Asians in the UK

Heterogeneous Parallel Ensemble Classifiers for Face Detection

1254 words - 5 pages Heterogeneous Parallel Ensemble Classifiers for Face Detection Abstract - Face detection is a process to determine the presence of a human face in a given image, and if exists then returns the location of detected face. Face detection is a difficult process due to certain factors, such as background complexity, illumination conditions, scale, expression, position, orientation and pose of the face. The presence of external facial

Evidence for Information Processing in the Brain

2702 words - 11 pages suggested by the analogy between life and information. I. The analogy between life and information - for example, pattern recognition, with hierarchical structure and suitable weightings for constituent features (Kurzweil 2012) - seems to be central to the effect that artificial mind may represents an expected advance in the life evolution in Universe, since information (namely, pattern recognition) is supposed to be the essence of mind and all

Similar Essays

Optimization Of Ritalin For More Effective Results

1301 words - 5 pages psychiatric population seen at the clinic. Methylphenidate (figure 1) serves as the dominant drug used in medications counteracting the symptoms of ADHD. (1) Among those medications, Ritalin is currently prescribed for daily use to 1.5 million school children in the United States, making it one of the most widely used prescription medications today. (2) The optimization of Ritalin is of utmost importance and will therefore, be the topic of

Communication Technologies For Implantable Sensors Essay

1346 words - 5 pages , implantable insulin pump, and so on. Figure 1.1 Wireless Body Area Network The network for medical application around the patient’s body is termed as Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN), which can be seen in Figure 1.1. A WBAN consists of sensors (implanted or wearable) and a gateway node. The gateway node in the figure is called Personnel Control Unit (PCU), although other terminologies such as Body Control Unit (BCU) or Central Control Unit (CCU

Detection Techniques For Exoplanets Essay

1962 words - 8 pages The research area of detecting exoplanets, planets outside our own solar system, is a huge area of interest and funding. The importance of being able to detect these planets is they can give us information and an insight into planetary formation, to help the search for ”Earth- like” planets in the habitable zone, and of course the ever-present question of extraterrestrial life. So on order to attempt to gather information about these things we

Investigating The Reasons For The Original Location Of The Iron And Steel Industry In South Wales

2632 words - 11 pages proximity to the point where the iron ore arrived, the location also possessed plentiful flat land for the easy construction of integrated steel works, easy transportation of coal downhill to the coast from the South Wales coalfield and plentiful water required for the cooling process in the steel works. The deepwater ports along the coast were also beneficial, as they were needed for the bulk carriers, which were used