This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Identify And Describe Some Of The Key Concepts From The Three Roots Of Counselling

1248 words - 5 pages


There are three main approaches in counselling these are the Humanistic, Cognitive Behavioural (C.B.T) and Psychodynamic. Within this essay I want to identify and describe some of their key concepts starting with the Humanistic Approach.
The Humanistic Approach or (Person Centred Therapy) began in the 1950’s due to theorists views that there were limitations within the prior two approaches of C.B.T and Psychodynamic. The two main theorists associated with this movement are Abraham Maslow and Carl ...view middle of the document...

• Unconditional Positive Regard: - the Counsellor accepts the Client unconditionally and non-judgementally leaving the Client to freely explore all their thoughts, feelings and behaviour, positive or negative without any danger of condemnation and without any need to meet any standards to earn positive regard from the Counsellor.
• Empathic understanding: - the Counsellor accurately understands the Client’s thoughts, feelings and meaning from their own perspective demonstrating that the Client is being accepted and their views valued.
With these three core conditions in place the Client will be able to build a healthy relationship with the Counsellor who will facilitate the discovery of their own perspectives and encourage them to make their own action plans and activate their own self healing process and flourish.
Carl Rogers noted also that the drive for self-actualisation was common to all living things though particularly in humans from birth there is a drive or motivating force present, this is what enables people to strive for wholeness. This concept within the Humanistic Approach or Person Centred counselling places the emphasis on the innate ability of the Client to be able to regulate and improve their own lives if allowed to do so. When the Client attends counselling it means their actualizing tendency may have become latent through low self worth or experience of incongruence of self-concept.
Carl Rogers believed there were 3 key parts to this self-concept these being: -
• Self image – how we see ourselves.
• Self esteem – how much we value ourselves.
• Ideal self – how we wish we could be.
So in conclusion Person Centred Therapy is non-directive process and works on the basis that the Counsellor is empowering the Client to take centre stage and use the therapeutic environment and the Counsellor as a listener and a sounding board who may offer response in the form of paraphrasing of their significant statements. This self-analysis should lead to examination of the Clients own thoughts, feelings and beliefs about themselves and bring about self-realisation and appropriate action through challenging any incongruence of self-concept.

There have been some criticisms of Person Centred Therapy one of the most common is the lack of scientific study into the effectiveness of the therapy, one approach that has a lot of research into its effectiveness is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy or C.B.T for short addresses dysfunctional and maladaptive emotions, behaviours and cognitive processes. Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck are two of the main psychologists who came up with therapies that merged into C.B.T. Albert Ellis developed Rational Therapy and Aaron Beck developed Cognitive Therapy both of these therapies evaluated how thoughts brought up...

Find Another Essay On identify and describe some of the key concepts from the three roots of counselling

Counselling Theories and the Application of Counselling

3185 words - 13 pages Understanding current Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) The 18-year-old student from Illinois State High School, Kevin was referred to the student counselling service by his football coach. The concerns were that Kevin was having difficulties focusing and playing well, with generalised issues about low mood. Additionally, Kevin has a diagnosis of major depressive disorder where feelings of inadequacy and a perception of worthlessness are the

Identify data sources and gather secondary information to describe the probable origins of the Universe

507 words - 2 pages The most popular and accepted theory for the origin of the universe is the Big Bang Theory. This theory states that the universe began about 10 billion years ago in a violent explosion; every particle started rushing apart from every other particle in an early super-dense phase. This explosion sent energy and matter flying all over the place. However, there is an argument about whether time and space existed before the big bang, or did the big


2374 words - 9 pages calls Them, certain fundamental concepts appear as the central sun around which the entire system of philosophical thought revolves. They are epitomized in a few pages of the Secret Doctrine as the "Three Fundamental Propositions" and are summarized by Emerson in the three Essays which are the most widely read of all his works: The Over-soul, Compensation, and Self-Reliance.The First Fundamental Proposition treats of that Unity which lies behind

Identify the key features of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT)

619 words - 3 pages it is often a distortion of the truth, Albert also believed that what he called the “three musts” are all ways of irrational thinking, “There are three musts that hold us back: I must do well. You must treat me well. And the world must be easy.” Irrational thinking and Self-defeating behaviour is learnt through events that took place in the past, beliefs and cultures that are passed down from socialisation (Parents, etc.) which become accepted

Identify the key features of Person centred approach

676 words - 3 pages person. Carl believed that people feel that they need to be thought of in a positive way, loved and treated with warmth by others. He thought of Positive regard as the cause, this is how people treat us for our thoughts, feelings and actions. Carl split this into 2 areas. Unconditional positive regard – This is where we are accepted and loved for who we are as people no matter what we do, think, say or feel and it is never taken away from us

Roots of the Holocaust

3047 words - 12 pages all a result of Germany's high debt from loan for WWI, the unmet reparation payments (Germany had to give up land in order to meet the payments. They could not defend themselves with the army's full capacity against a portion of France and Belgium's army), hyperinflation, and skyrocketing unemployment. Germany needed a solution, and they did, but with some unfortunate consequences to a harmless minority group. Germany's economic instability is

The Roots of Tattoos

783 words - 4 pages some time for tattooing to spread to the western world. Captain James Cook made three voyages to the Polynesian islands between 1766 and 1779. After Captain Cook and the crew aboard his vessel returned home to Britain, they told stories of the 'tattooed barbarians' they witnessed (Velliquette). The word "tattoo" itself is derived from the Tahitian “tatau”(Bell), which was initiated into the English language by Cook's excursions. Cook first

The Roots of Happiness

1551 words - 6 pages creates a happy civilization during different periods of crisis within Europe. Each of these utopian literature’s suggest a different origin that happiness derives from, soundly signifying that change in Europe would be beneficial. The revolutionary ideas of change in Europe proposed by Utopia, City of the Sun, and The Marriage of Figaro through their individual utopias, demonstrated their beliefs that such change of social classes, the expression

The Roots of Poverty

2602 words - 11 pages trade increases economic growth and this should have reduced poverty. The increase of growth would soon have followed with increased income to the poor, but this is still to be proven in societies other than China. The fact is that as a result of globalization, inequality started to emerge. Already from the start of globalization during the colonization era where properties were taking away from some and the accumulating resources were put in the

The Roots of Violence

926 words - 4 pages individuals and groups needs to be answered. The answer: the source of violence comes from tribalism and pressure. First, tribalism can be described as an easy two-step process that leads nations to have conflict with one another because division is furthered in each step. The first step is simply picking a group. Tribalism, defined by Jonathan Glover, the author of Humanity, is something that draws people into having strong loyalty to their

Identify and analyze at least three major reasons for the persecution of individuals as witches in Europe from the late 15 through the 17th centuries

1014 words - 4 pages put to death and if they go to trial they will be punished.Those trapped in poverty never have it good in any age. The list of occupations shows that Laborers were accused most of witchcraft and gentlemen were never accused. Thus, showing that those of poorer jobs were more subject to prosecution. Also people who were suffering from poverty were seen as more vulnerable to Satan’s taint. In the testimony of a licensed wife, a woman was said to

Similar Essays

Describe The Biological Explanation Of Crime. Identify Key Aspects Of Crime That Are Hard To Identify In This Way

676 words - 3 pages The biological explanation of crime is a structural one and argues that some people have a predisposition to engage in criminal activity, due to inherited genes. In the past it was claimed that criminal behaviour could be attributed to brain size and a certain shape of skull. This theory has long been discredited, however it gave rise to the more disquieting practice of eugenics. Most notable was the breeding programme under the Nazi regime, in

Critically Evaluate In Some Depth At Least Three Core Concepts From Ta And Gestalt Respectively. Link Personal Therapuetic Experiences Of The Ima

1059 words - 5 pages therapy based on pure phenemonology - away from concepts towards awareness" - Clarkson, P. Gestalt Counselling in Action, Sage Publicatiions; 1989 London. The process of Gestalt therapy insight must have clear understanding of these three elements: relationship, awareness and experiment. The therapist must create an aunthentic relationships with the client. Awareness is important because a disruption in the process brought the client to therapy

Describe The Biological Explanation Of Crime. Identify Key Aspects Of Crime That Are Hard To Explain In This Way

886 words - 4 pages generations of male criminals all possessing the rare gene defect (Genestories, BBC Science website). All of these findings are leading to explosive outcomes in society (especially from the victim's families) which has led some scientists in this field of work to call for it to be stopped.As far as explaining crime and why it happens, the biological explanation can not fully develop the answer. Although it can be seen as one theory it still has flaws

Three Of The Main Counselling Approaches

1771 words - 7 pages KEY CONCEPTS FROM THE THREE ‘ROOTS’ OF COUNSELLING: HUMANISTIC, COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL, PSYCHODYNAMIC. Humanistic Approach or Person Centred Counselling. The Humanistic Approach emerged as a reaction to Psychodynamic and Cognitive Behavioural Therapies in the 1950’s. It is often referred to as the ‘third force’ in psychology as it came after Psychoanalysis and Behaviourism. The two major names associated with this approach are Carl Rogers