This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Identify The Key Elements Which Account For The Success Or Failure Of Social Movements. Discuss With Reference To Examples.

1757 words - 7 pages

"The overthrow of an existing government, ... the installation of traffic-calming measures in a suburban street" (Abercrombie, 2000: 324), the nuclear disarmament movement, the stop the war coalition, all are examples of social movements. A social movement, as defined by Tarrow (1994: 4), is 'collective challenges by people with common purposes and solidarity in sustained interaction with elites, opponents and authorities'. This shows that social movements tend to try and bring about change by challenging those above them whether it is the local council, the government or large corporations. We've seen this most recently with the huge protests across the world aimed at world leaders to stop the war in Iraq with 'upwards of 1.5 million on the streets of London' (Whitely, 2003) and elsewhere to try and challenge and change respective governments' positions on the war in Iraq and the war on terrorism. We see social movements differ from interest groups and political parties because "they have mass mobilisation or threat of mass mobilisation" (Marsh, 2000: 251). A social movement is also distinguished from other collective groups such as clubs and voluntary organisations "in being chiefly concerned to defend or change society or the relative position of the group in society" (Marsh, 2000: 251), whereas clubs etc. aren't concerned, generally, in these large-scale issues. For this essay I will be concentrating on modern social movements from around the 1950s/60s onwards and will be using examples of different social movements e.g. Animal Rights movements, Civil Rights movements, Anti-globalisation movements etc... to try and show why some social movements have succeeded in their aims and why some have failed in their actions. I will examine factors such as the relationships between people within movements (the ecology), the makeup of the group (gender and class etc...), the ideology of the movement, and other factors that may affect a movement's successfulness. I hope to show that social movements can be successful but that movements can just as easily fail at reaching there aims if they are not committed enough or other factors compile against them.For a social movement to be successful there has to be a significant amount of mobilization within a population pro that movements cause. Social movements can encourage large amounts of participation and mobilization in a number of ways. An important factor in this mobilization is often the social environment and ecology that these movements are formed within. The idea that physical and social environments can lead to large mobilization is put forward by Zhao (1998) when he talks about the Beijing student movement (BSM) of 1989. He talks about how 'a large number of students' in the Beijing University campus' were enclosed behind high walls and in a small area. He comments "this ecology nurtured many close-knit student networks, as well as directly exposed all Beijing students to a collective action...

Find Another Essay On Identify the key elements which account for the success or failure of social movements. Discuss with reference to examples.

A case study of Walmart Stores Inc. with SWOT,internal and external elements which add to the company success

2087 words - 8 pages IntroductionWalmart Stores Inc. is synonymous with low prices and name brand quality products. The company basis of success and foundations cannot be credited to the current CEO Lee Scott but famed Sam Walton. Walmart formula for success simply put is their relationship with customers,employees, and technology that assists in forming relationships with their suppliers;places Walmart Stores Inc. as the top discount retailer.History,Development

A case study of Bombardier with SWOT,internal and external elements which add to the company success

3546 words - 14 pages Services. BBD itself is responsible to its shareholders, of which Janine Bombardier, André Bombardier, Claire Bombardier Beaudoin, and Huguette Bombardier Fontaine cumulatively hold 62.96% of the voting interestii. The Bombardier family, holding the voting majority, decided to continue the legacy of J.A. Bombardier with the funding of social causes.These social causes are funded by BBD's commitment of 3% of its income before taxes to the J

With reference to either waste management in urban areas or transport management in urban areas, discuss the extent to which sustainability can be

895 words - 4 pages ways that waste is disposed of, the amount of resources used and the impact on the environment can be reduced. It is estimated that every person in the UK produced 452kg of waste in 2010. Most of this waste was sent into landfills which is unsustainable. However, there is a decreasing use of landfills and an increase in recycling. For example, in 2004 33% of waste was recycled or composted compared to 45% in 2008. Landfill is when waste is

Discuss the extent to which the American reform movements of 1825-1850 sought to expand democratic ideals in America

1009 words - 4 pages In the period from 1825-1850, a majority of the reform movements in the United States sought to expand democratic ideals. However, some did so indirectly and unintentionally.The reform movements were spurred by the Second Great Awakening, which began in New England in the late 1790's, and would eventually spread throughout the country. The Second GA differed from the First in that people were now believed to be able to choose whether or not to

There are different strategies in the global marketplace. Identify them and discuss at least two in depth. Analyse examples of companies which have successfully applied them

2021 words - 8 pages buying offices around the world whose prime purpose is to identify potential suppliers. Designers at headquarters then review these to decide which would provide what for each of the products, their overall aim being to design for low cost and ease of manufacture.Conclusions:Different global companies seek success in different strategies. As the global market develops the companies will be intensively looking for new methods of reaching

Discuss the ways in which gender and race intersect with each other. Make reference to the film "Falling Down."

2595 words - 10 pages are not culturally neutral but rather are used in white, Western discourse. For these qualities praise individuality, directness and confidence, all of which emphasis Western cultural values. However, this does not mean that all western women have these qualities or that these qualities are not valued in other cultures, rather that these qualities are admired in western culture. It can therefore be argued that the maxim represents a very

D.<Tab/>Making reference to theoretical perspectives with which you are familiar, discuss the construction of race and ethnicity in literary texts Othello and My Beautiful Laundrette

2198 words - 9 pages for Omar to get a good education remarking;Don’t get too involved with that crook. You’ve got to study. We are under siege by the white man. For us education is power (Kureishi: 18)The ‘crook’ he is referring to here is Nasser, Omar’s uncle, who has learnt how to ‘squeeze the tits out of the (English) system’ (Kureishi: 17). This differs from Omar’s father, or ‘Papa’ who, previously married to a

Discuss the subjects in which you excel or have excelled. To what factors do you attribute your success?

688 words - 3 pages just walk away with a good grade; I walked away with greater knowledge. I can attribute my success in each subject to multiple things- passion from a young age, transformed view, or having someone that’s been there. But, I truly believe that I’ve been able to succeed in these courses because I truly love learning. Grasping some new concept or formula is something that exhilarates me, and I wouldn’t change that for the world. As I pursue my college career, I hope the same love of learning that I excelled with through high school will do the same in the courses I must take for my college degree.  

Discuss the subjects in which you excel or have excelled. To what factors do you attribute your success?

785 words - 4 pages   The subjects I excel in are math and science. Every since I was adolescent, I have always had a keen sense of numbers. This undoubtedly helped a lot with the variety of science classes that utilize math skills. Science, though, is, without a doubt, the subject I excel in the most, and I have my extraordinary great-grandmother to thank for that. Around when I was eight, I found out my great-grandmother had cancer which was gradually making her

Why is understanding the service user's point of view important in health care, and what can be done to take this point of view into account? Discuss with reference to diabetes care

1043 words - 4 pages ), some patients may feel overwhelmed, confused and/or discouraged by the amount of time and efforts in self-caring for the diabetes. Many patients may experience depression and feels that nothing is worth the effort.Dr Polonsky further described that some patients felt that they were not succeeding with their diabetes self-management.Patients may come to consider that diabetes self-management is simply not worth the effort. Anwar may feel that it

‘Formal training is the best way to develop work-related skills.’ Critically discuss this statement, with reference to an organisation with which

2968 words - 12 pages ‘Formal training is the best way to develop work-related skills.’ Critically discuss this statement, with reference to an organisation with which you are familiar. We start to learn as early as our first day. It happened involuntarily from unstructured processes within the family and during leisure time. This kind of informal learning is invisible and cannot be recognised, accessed and qualified. We then went to school and started formal

Similar Essays

Training And Development, Linked With Performance Management, Are Key Area Within An Hrm Strategy And Are Fundamental For The Success Or Failure Of An Organization. Discuss

1585 words - 6 pages a sense of self-responsibility, become familiar with the values needed for life in society as well as develop competencies required to interact with others in a positive and effective manner. With the help of training and activities, which promote socialization, the organization is not only enhancing peoples skills but also building a character for each and every individual. Unlike traditional organizations, where employees are considered to have

Discuss With Reference To The 'rules' And Examples Of The Operation Of Precedent And Statutory Interpretation

1924 words - 8 pages is to 'cast of the shackles of precedent', binding him to a decision he must distinguish the problem at hand from the previous decision, which isn't always easy. As with most problems there is a moral dilemma facing judges most of the time and with laws being based on moral principles a judge must tread carefully when dealing with precedent, so as not to affect social policy or stability."To some it will appear that justice is being denied by a

With Reference To The Soap Operas You Have Studied, Discuss The Representations Of Two Social Groups, Which Are Offered To Audiences

1010 words - 4 pages filmed in mainly long shot places Issi's mother at the bottom of the hierarchy. The hierarchy is not frozen and therefore leaves a degree of openness to interpretation, which can be interesting for the audience. Issi's hierarchy of discourse changes once she gets out of the pub, in the scene where issi is with Tony she is shown to be a matriarchal figure by the content of what she is saying and as the camera pans away from her you can still hear her

Australia Was A Better Place In Which To Live For Women In 1945 Than It Was In 1900.' Discuss This Statement With Reference To The Status Of Women

1752 words - 7 pages position and way in which they were viewed in society. As a result of this, for the early part of the 1900's women were discriminated against. During this era women really worked together and stood up for their rights, for the first time in our history. Despite some reservations and social expectations women were able to emancipate themselves from the restrictions and expectations placed on them, showing that they did have a voice which, deserved to