Ideological Differences Among The Parties Of Oceania In George Orwell´S 1984

1213 words - 5 pages

Life in Oceania is somewhat confusing and tough to follow. When you first start the book 1984 it’s difficult to understand the lives the people live in Oceania. As you travel through the book though you start to understand the people’s lives and how trapped they are. As you read through the book you also start to understand the three different parties in Oceania and how they work. The Inner Party is the high class party with all the luxuries. They’re barely watched over by the telescreens and they pretty much control Oceania. The Outer Party is larger than the Inner Party but they’re watched by the telescreens at all times and are pretty much the working class but somewhat poor and only given what they need to survive. If some Outer Party members are considered too smart or not loyal to Big Brother, they become an unperson. The Proles have the largest amount of people and are not watched by the telescreens at all and they are considered free people with a very low amount of money. This information doesn’t necessarily tell us what the ideological, thematic difference between the parties and what the main thing that makes them different is. The ideological and thematic difference between the parties is that they all have different beliefs in Big Brother, who controls them, and who is the highest power in Oceania.
When first analyzing the difference and the parties, you have to first look at the Inner party and what they do. The Inner Party is Big Brother and the Inner Party controls Oceania. This seems a little confusing but after analyzing the information it is pretty obvious that the Inner Party runs the government and that there is no real person named “Big Brother”. On page 259 in the book 1984 there is a conversation between Winston and O’Brien that illustrates how O’Brien has been avoiding the question if Big Brother is a real person and also showing how the party is Big Brother. Winston starts out saying, “Does Big Brother exist?” “Of course he exists. The Party exists. Big Brother is the embodiment of the Party.” “Does he exist in the same way as I exist?” “You do not exist.” (Orwell). Also in The Novels for Students Critical Essay for 1984 it says, “Of course, Big Brother doesn't really exist, as is clear from the way O'Brien dodges Winston's questions about him. His image is just used by the people in power to intimidate the citizens of Oceania.” (Stanley). In these examples it shows that O’Brien is trying as best as he can to not say whether Big Brother is a real person who exists. He avoids the question by putting the topic right back on Winston by saying Winston does not exist and distracting Winston from the point.
Now the Proles are a totally different story then the Inner Party. The Proles are the lowest party who consist of 85% of the population. The Proles are not required to express support for the party or Big Brother except a very little amount of patriotism. Unlike the other party the Proles are...

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