Should The Blame For The Failure Of The British Terra Nova Expedition (1911) Be Assigned To Poor Weather Conditions And Other External Circumstances Or Scott's Leadership?

1956 words - 8 pages

A. Plan of Investigation1.) Subject of investigation - Should the blame for the failure of the British Terra Nova Expedition (1911) be assigned to poor weather conditions and other external circumstances or Scott's leadership?2.) Methods of investigationa.) Much of the evidence shall come from the journals of the men of the expedition itself. These journals are the only primary source of the final critical legs of the journey.b.) Internet search for articles which will be selected based on comprehensiveness, relevance, and reliability. Articles which focus on Scott will be paid special attention to.c.) Books analyzing why the expedition failed will be found and read,paying particular attention to Scott, the leader of the expedition's choice of men and means of transportation.e.) A critical examination of the men's backgrounds, with specific attention paid to their war and other records will be undertaken in order to discern the men's fitness for an expedition of such a manner.By examining these sources a conclusion will be created by deciding what role external circumstances played in the failure of the expedition as compared to the decisions made by Scott himself.B. Summary of Evidence1.) Backgrounda.) Discovery Expedition - Sir Clements Markham, with the funding of theNational Geographic Society, planned the first British expedition to Antarctica in 1901. This expedition, dubbed the Discovery, had goals of the scientific sort, with the intent of collecting information on the climate. Markham chose Robert Scott, a young naval officer to lead the expedition. Another man, Ernest Shakleton was also chosen to accompany the group. This first expedition explored the Ross Ice Shelf and collected some first data about the climate of the continent.b.) Shakleton Expedition - In 1907 Ernest Shakleton returned to the continent with the intent of being the first to reach the South Pole. When Shakleton returned to Britain in 1909 with the triumphant news that he had reached within 67 miles of the pole before being forced back, enormous public interest was generated across Europe. This interest was bolstered by the fact that Americans had recently reached the North Pole, leaving only the South Pole unreached.2.) Preparations - With the news of Shakleton's success, Scott announced inSeptember 1909 that he was planning another expedition to the continent with the intent of reaching the pole. Scott said his paramount goal was securing for the British Empire the honor of that achievement." Scott also was angered by scientists who were beginning to claim that the scientific information that he collected on the Discovery expedition was inaccurate, so the expedition also planned for more scientific experimentation.After the money to finance the expedition was secured a flurry of preparations was started. Following the example of the British National Antarctic Expedition in 1901, Scott chose to use horses for the journey across the ice to the pole. To get these horses...

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