Iimplications Of Asbestos Discovery Essay

2548 words - 10 pages

MODULE: CONTEMPORARY THEMES IN PROPERTY MANAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT THEME TWO IMPLICATIONS OF THE DISCOVERY OR SUSPICION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS IN BUILDINGS (FOCUSING UPON ASBESTOS) By Michael Healy Building Surveying Year 4 School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment Nottingham Trent University CONTENTS PAGE 1. INTRODUCTION 2. LEGISLATION 3. IMPLICATIONS OF CAR 2006 ON DUTY HOLDERS 4. LIABILITIES AND PENALTIES OF DUTY HOLDERS 5. ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF THE SURVEYOR 6. CURENT METHODS EMPLOYED TO REMOVE THE RISK OF ASBESTOS 7. REFERENCES 8. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. INTRODUCTION Asbestos 'toxicity was discovered in 1906 and which was classified as carcinogenic by the social security system in 1946, even before it had been extensively used during the 1945-75 period' (www.eiro.eurofound.ie). However the naturally occurring fibrous material was used on a large scale in commercial and industrial application due to its unique properties of being resistant to abrasion, inert to acid and alkaline solutions, and stable at high temperatures. It is versatile, plentiful and ideal as a fire-proofing and insulation material (asbestossurveys.com).The three main types of asbestos that have been used commercially are: • Crocidolite (blue) • Amosite (brown) • Chrysotile (white) All are dangerous, but blue and brown asbestos are known to be more dangerous than white. Asbestos cannot be identified by product colour alone. Professional microscopic analysis is required for material type confirmation. All forms of asbestos are now banned by law and are not being imported, supplied or manufactured in the UK. (www.asbe.co.uk) Exposure to asbestos can cause three main fatal diseases: • Asbestosis: irreversible scarring of the lungs; • Lung cancer: increased incidence, particularly if you smoke; • Mesothelioma: cancer of the lining of the lungs or stomach. (www.hse.gov.uk) It should be noted that is at present no cure for all of the above with there being a 15-60 years gap between first exposure and diagnosis. This illustrates the huge implications of being exposed to asbestos.Asbestos was used in hundreds of different products and buildings and guidance is given to anyone attending the BIOH P 402 in the form of a booklet. It suggests that ACM's can be found in, 'sprayed coatings (structural steelwork and ceilings), pipe insulation, suspended ceilings and ceiling voids, internal partitions, false floors, service risers, window sills, doors, fuse boxes, floor coverings, external areas (includes - roof panels, gutters, down pipes, roof tiles, roofing felt, cowls, soffits), debis, plant rooms, lift shafts' It is not always easy to tell whether a product contains asbestos, as modern asbestos-free materials often look similar. However it is usually older products that contain asbestos. (www.kingston.gov.uk) 2. LEGISLATION Government legislation was introduced to help prevent the risk...

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