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Il Duce: Benito Mussolini Essay

1099 words - 5 pages

Benito Mussolini, the late dictator of Italy, was nicknamed IL Duce which translates to “the leader”. During Mussolini’s reign as dictator over Italy, he aimed to return the country to its former glory. Benito Mussolini’s doctrine of Fascism influenced his economic and political decisions concerning Italy in various ways.
Mussolini was born on July 29, 1883 in Predappio, Italy. His full name was Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini. Alessandro, his father, was a blacksmith and Rosa, his mother, was a school teacher. Mussolini’s father was politically a socialist but his son soon parted from his father’s ways.
In 1912, Mussolini was appointed to be the editor of the socialist newspaper ...view middle of the document...

This doctrine also realizes the importance and seriousness of life in general. The doctrine of Fascism does not believe in the importance of merely one individual, but rather the nation. Fascism favors “individuals and generals bound together by a moral law….founded on duty….” The Fascist Party believed that life “must be lived for oneself but above all for others.” The belief that a higher personality who is the most honest and moral should represent the nation is another component of Fascism. Mussolini believed that “a multitude unified by an idea and imbued with the will to live, the will to power, self-consciousness, personality” is the ideal nation. Fascism is a religious concept because this doctrines states that man has a part of a “spiritual society.” This concept not only involves the government, but also individual thoughts. Fascism supports the theory that in history a man is a man only through the spiritual process that he contributes to as a constituent of the nation (Mussolini, 2).
When Mussolini came into power, as a dictator, he made many political decisions that were influenced by his theory of Fascism. Mussolini permitted the government to suspend media that slandered the Church, government, or the state. Sawdust Caesar, as he was also known as during his rule, created the OVRA which was a secret police force. The OVRA was established so that the officers would keep a vigil for individuals who may not be following political and governmental policies. He took away the rights of Italian citizens such as their freedom of speech, suffrage, and their right to criticize the government. Mussolini had a “thirst for military glory.” His goal, as dictator, was to recreate the Roman Empire and to return it to its former glory. In the years 1935 and 1936, Mussolini defied the League of Nations and invaded Ethiopia. This action increased Mussolini’s popularity; however, when Mussolini sent aid to General Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War his popularity decreased among his people. A year afterwards, Mussolini signed the Rome-Berlin Axis with Adolf Hitler. He also made the “Pact of Steel”, in 1939, which tied Italy and Germany together concerning events of war.
On June 10, 940 Mussolini joined the war after Germany had already defeated France. During the war, Italy faced many defeats. Because...

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