Iliad And Odyssey Essay

2767 words - 11 pages

Characters in OdysseyOdysseus - The protagonist of the Odyssey. Odysseus fought among the other Greek heroes at Troy and now struggles to return to his kingdom in Ithaca. Odysseus is the husband of Queen Penelope and the father of Prince Telemachus. Though a strong and courageous warrior, he is most renowned for his cunning. He is a favorite of the goddess Athena, who often sends him divine aid, but a bitter enemy of Poseidon, who frustrates his journey at every turn. Telemachus - Odysseus's son. An infant when Odysseus left for Troy, Telemachus is about twenty at the beginning of the story. He is a natural obstacle to the suitors desperately courting his mother, but despite his courage and good heart, he initially lacks the poise and confidence to oppose them. His maturation, especially during his trip to Pylos and Sparta in Books 3 and 4, provides a subplot to the epic. Athena often assists him. Penelope - Wife of Odysseus and mother of Telemachus. Penelope spends her days in the palace pining for the husband who left for Troy twenty years earlier and never returned. Homer portrays her as sometimes flighty and excitable but also clever and steadfastly true to her husband. Athena - Daughter of Zeus and goddess of wisdom, purposeful battle, and the womanly arts. Athena assists Odysseus and Telemachus with divine powers throughout the epic, and she speaks up for them in the councils of the gods on Mount Olympus. She often appears in disguise as Mentor, an old friend of Odysseus. Poseidon - God of the sea. As the suitors are Odysseus's mortal antagonists, Poseidon is his divine antagonist. He despises Odysseus for blinding his son, the Cyclops Polyphemus, and constantly hampers his journey home. Ironically, Poseidon is the patron of the seafaring Phaeacians, who ultimately help to return Odysseus to Ithaca. Zeus - King of gods and men, who mediates the disputes of the gods on Mount Olympus. Zeus is occasionally depicted as weighing men's fates in his scales. He sometimes helps Odysseus or permits Athena to do the same. Antinous - The most arrogant of Penelope's suitors. Antinous leads the campaign to have Telemachus killed. Unlike the other suitors, he is never portrayed sympathetically, and he is the first to die when Odysseus returns. Eurymachus - A manipulative, deceitful suitor. Eurymachus's charisma and duplicity allow him to exert some influence over the other suitors. Amphinomus - Among the dozens of suitors, the only decent man seeking Penelope's hand in marriage. Amphinomus sometimes speaks up for Odysseus and Telemachus, but he is killed like the rest of the suitors in the final fight. Eumaeus - The loyal shepherd who, along with the cowherd Philoetius, helps Odysseus reclaim his throne after his return to Ithaca. Even though he does not know that the vagabond who appears at his hut is Odysseus, Eumaeus gives the man food and shelter. Eurycleia - The aged and loyal servant who nursed Odysseus and Telemachus when they were babies....

Find Another Essay On Iliad and Odyssey

The Funeral Games of Patroklos in Homer's Iliad and Odyssey

2341 words - 9 pages The Funeral Games of Patroklos in Homer's Iliad and Odyssey        Coming towards the end of a war which has consumed an entire decade and laid waste the lives of many, the Greek warriors in Troy choose to take the time and energy to hold funeral games.  This sequence of events leaves the reader feeling confused because it's not something one would expect and seems highly out of place.  Throughout the epic Homer tries to describe what

Homer's: The story of "The Iliad" and "The Odyssey" And the Gods

1370 words - 5 pages The stories told in "The Iliad" and "Odyssey" are based on stories handed down over several generations, for they preserve (as we have seen) memories of an already quiet far distant past. The two poems show clear connection in their language and style, in the manner in which their incidents presented, and in the combination of agreement with level, which distinguish their creation.The work was written by one author but gave two diverse views on

A Comparison of Homeric Formalism in The Iliad and The Odyssey

1473 words - 6 pages Homeric Formalism in The Iliad and The Odyssey "Much that is terrible takes place in the Homeric poems, but it seldom takes place wordlessly... no speech is so filled with anger or scorn that the particles which express logical and grammatical connections are lacking or out of place." (from "Odysseus' Scar" by Erich Auerbach)   In his immaculately detailed study comparing the narrative styles of Homer to those of the Bible

A Comparison of the Role of Women in Homer’s Odyssey and Iliad

3409 words - 14 pages The Role of Women in Odyssey and The Iliad The Iliad and Odyssey present different ideals of women, and the goddesses, who are presented as ideal women, differ between the two epics. The difference in roles is largely dependent on power, and relations to men, as well as sexual desirability and activity. The goddesses have a major role in both epics as Helpers of men. They have varied reasons for this.  One is a maternal instinct. This

Divine intervention dealing with Greek myths, especially The Odyssey and The Iliad.

1488 words - 6 pages exemplifies this is the great goddess Athena. This daughter of Zeus impacted everyone that she came across. The character Athena is "splashed" over Greek works. However, there are specific pieces of Greek literature that tell a great deal about this fiery goddess. This is not a passive goddess. This is an active, involved goddess who, in both the Iliad and the Odyssey, assumes divine leadership and challenges even Zeus himself. In The Odyssey and

Homer's Odyssey and Iliad, J.R.R Tolkien's Hobbit, and the Quest of Change

2620 words - 10 pages share.Odysseus, from Homer's The Odyssey, was most effected by his 20-year long quest. Like Bilbo, Odysseus did not want to join in the fight of the Trojan War as he feared the thought of-5-death, which was the beginning of his quest. He pretended to be insane, which would allow him to remain at home during the war, but it was not successful."Tell me, Muse, the story of that resourceful man who was driven to wander far and wide after he had sacked the holy

Iliad

1251 words - 5 pages The Iliad and The Odyssey are two epic poems with both similar and different styles to the structure of the poems, as well as each poem having the same gods incorporated into the stories intervening with the day to day lives of the mortals. Greek poetry before Homer was all composed orally; therefore it is assumed that Homer’s works are the first written works of art (Joachim Latacz, page 15). Scholars who have spent extensive time researching

Title: Homer and The Iliad Task: Write a report on the significance of Homer and the Iliad to ancient Greece and to Western culture.

604 words - 2 pages Homer, who has been known as a historic poet throughout many centuries, was very significant to ancient Greece and to Western culture. He orally passed down two monumental epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey. This is very interesting because it explains why Homer was considered to be the spokesman of oral Greek literature. Although, Homer did not create the plot or the characters of these epics, he is presumed have composed the two, from the

Homer's Epic

728 words - 3 pages Iliad. It begins where the Iliad ends and covers the ten years after the fall of the Trojan War. In contrast to Iliad, the themes of Odyssey are the power of cunning over strength; the pitfalls of temptation; the tension between goals and obstacles; the misery of separation and maturation as a journey. Foreshadowing is also prominent in this poem. For example, Agamemnon's fate at the hands of his wife and his vindication by his son foreshadow the

Odyssey by Homer Versus Crispin by Avi

564 words - 2 pages . The epics written by Homer, “Iliad” and “Odyssey” are the hearts of the epic tradition. Other epic writers imitate Homer’s style and convey it into their own value systems. When people in the Western world think of epic they think of “Iliad” and “Odyssey” because they are the significant are to the English literature. In the novel “Crispin,” the author surrounds the main plot with subplots that flesh out the story. Although “Odyssey” is considered

Homer: Blind or Captive

742 words - 3 pages Have you ever wondered who Homer is? Have you ever heard of Homer? Do you know what he wrote? Do you know when he lived? All of these questions will be answered in the following paragraphs. Homer is an interesting man, not much is known about him, and what is known about him is questioned by the “Homeric Question,” he composed The Iliad and The Odyssey, and that is what his life is based off of. Homer means blind or captive. He was said

Similar Essays

The Odyssey And The Iliad Essay

1191 words - 5 pages The Odyssey and the Iliad      In our day and age, people strive for independence and a sense of authority. However, at many times this is more easily said than done. Whether it be God, or in the eyes of the Achaeans and Trojans, the immortals, lives and actions are commonly defined by a higher being. Which leads to Homer’s epic poems the Odyssey and the Iliad which deal with constant conflict in a world

Heoes Of The Iliad And The Odyssey

2057 words - 9 pages , honor and pride are so intertwined with one another, that it can be hard to distinguish between the two. However, heroic mortal men like Achilles and Odysseus, whose stories are found within The Iliad and The Odyssey, experience and are often consumed by the damming vice of pride, or hubris, and therefore are subjected to the ramifications that come with their decisions. In order to distinguish between the actions done through honor, or pride

The Gods In Homer's The Iliad And The Odyssey

1408 words - 6 pages The Gods in Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey The stories told in the Iliad and Odyssey are based on stories handed down over several generations, for they preserve (as we have seen) memories of an already quiet far distant past. The two pomes show clear connection in their language and style, in the manner in which their incidents presented, and in the combination of agreement with level, which distinguish their creation. The work was

Use Of Epithets In Homer’s Iliad And Odyssey

851 words - 3 pages Use of Epithets In Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey Throughout The Iliad and The Odyssey, Homer’s use of the epithet in describing Odysseus becomes essential as a means of characterizing the hero. Homer uses several epithets, or nicknames, along with the name “Odysseus” as the story unfolds in both tales. Three of these include the descriptive epithet “wily Odysseus,” the laudative epithet “Odysseus, the great tactician,” and the