Iliad: Civilized Vs Barbaric Essay

892 words - 4 pages

Deciphering the Iliad
There are many controversies involving the Iliad, but the most important is about the characters in the Iliad demonstrating barbaric and civilized behavior. Questions about this and the answers can be found by looking at Hektor, Paris and Achilles. Hektor represents the civilized being, always looking for a peaceful resolution to a problem. Achilles refuses to fight and somewhat resembles Paris, the civilized coward. Paris would stay back and relax while the battle raged outside. Hektor was always out on the frontlines doing all he could to help his army. Achilles, angered by Agamemnon, betrays his own side and tells Zeus to bring a plague on the Achaeans, causing them to almost be wiped out. This was a barbarous act.
In the beginning, when Paris is first introduced, one sees him as an average hero, he steps forward and yells a war-cry at the beginning of the epic. As soon as Paris sees Menelaos, he retreats in fear, it would have to take divine intervention to get him back to battle Menelaos, which eventually does happen. The duel begins and Menelaos throws his spear, it clearly is going to sink into Paris but he is shielded by Aphrodite, and taken off to his castle where he waits out the rest of the battle in comfort. He refuses to rejoin the battle and then one realizes what he truly is, a coward. Although Paris is a coward he has refined taste and is a civilized coward. The act of dueling is unrefined, uncivilized and barbarous.

Throughout the Iliad there is corruption, Paris staying back in his home as the
battle rages on, and Achilles does the same. Agamemnon is kidnapping people in the
midst of battle, this causes Achilles to quit and nearly wipe out all of the Achaean army. Achilles refuses to rejoin the battle even when gifts are given to him, he only rejoins when his best friend is killed by Hektor in battle, and when he does rejoin he goes on a rampage. Achilles slaughters so many people that the gods even are upset at this, Achilles very much resembles a barbarian during this time. He heaves a mans body into the river, causing the river god to grow furious and attack him. Another god has to fend off the river god and save Achilles. Achilles continues his rampage, and the remaining soldiers flee and cower behind the walls of Troy. Hektor, boldly stays outside the gate and waits for Achilles, and when Achilles reaches the noble Hektor, he strikes him down, and then ties...

Find Another Essay On Iliad: Civilized vs Barbaric

Clytemnestra: Not Another Homeric Savage Essay

1556 words - 7 pages The Greek interpretation of what makes a man “civilized” and what makes him “savage” is a recurring theme throughout the ancient epics, battle narratives, and dramas, including Aeschylus’ Agamemnon. In this first installment of The Oresteia, the chorus of Argive elders expresses keen outrage at the killing of Agamemnon, which suggests that they equate savagery with the madness they see in Clytemnestra: “just as your mind is maddened by the

Great Compromise DBQ Essay

787 words - 3 pages owner who relies on slave labor for his sustenance writes about how the working class of thee North, who rely on their own labor, are inferior. This is also shown in Document E, where a Northern newspaper depicted in a political cartoon that Northerners were civilized and polite, while Southerners barbaric and violent. Document B explains very well the disgust that Northerners had at the bondage of fellow human beings. Citizens of the North was

Is Ralph or Jack a Better Leader in The Lord of the Flies by William Golding?

1245 words - 5 pages Jack did that, the boys would have been left with no source of light on dark nights, no way of cooking meat, and no link with civilization. Subsequent to Jack’s brutal behavior, unseen pandemonium aroused between the boys on the island. Thus, Jack is a savage and chaotic character who has no respect for peace, while Ralph is a civilized and orderly character, who constantly tries to create peace. Sources for character essay: Ralph VS. Jack

LOTF Revision

2319 words - 9 pages , explored through the dissolution of the young English boys' civilized, moral, disciplined behaviour as they accustom themselves to a wild, brutal, barbaric life in the jungle. Lord of the Flies is an allegorical novel, which means that Golding conveys many of his main ideas and themes through symbolic characters and objects. He represents the conflict between civilization and savagery in the conflict between the novel's two main

The Odyssey

10966 words - 44 pages are back at Sparta. An old friend of Odysseus, Menelaus welcomes Telemachus into his home. Helen - the wife of Menelaus and the cause of the Trojan War. Helen's portrayal is more striking than that of Menelaus. She is back with Menelaus at Sparta, happy and at peace, having learned from her sufferings. The tenderness which she possesses in The Iliad is turned to new purposes here in The Odyssey. Antinous - the most vociferous

Perceptiveness on civilization and savagery of human nature reflected from william golding's lord of the flies

10966 words - 44 pages . anarchy, or in any number of other ways, including the more generalized good vs. evil. Throughout the novel, the instinct of civilization is associated with goodness, while the instinct of savagery is associated with evil.The conflict between the two instincts is the driving force of the novel, explored through the dissolution of the young English boy's civilized, moral, disciplined behavior as they accustom themselves to a wild, brutal, barbaric


3031 words - 12 pages reverse trend in America; the political opposition of the now common practice of abortion. The ban on the barbaric practice of partial-birth abortion has been passed. Minnesota, with the aid of Gov. Pawlenty, and Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life (MCCL) have passed a “right to know” act, calling for the education on abortion, prior to the mother receiving an abortion. The Problem Since the 1973 ruling on Roe vs. Wade, there have been

Treatment of The Native Americans Throughout American History

1762 words - 7 pages any white people aware there were (and are) at least a dozen Plains tribes? Choosing the Lakota every time is a little different from making every Indian a brave with a bow and arrow, a tipi, and a chief. It's a classic: the innocent noble savage vs. the corrupt civilized man.” (Spirit and the Noble Savage). Though this is more of a positive stereotype in the Native American favor, it is still a stereotype. It creates condescending prospects

Complexities of the Non-Complex Black Superhero

3122 words - 12 pages masculinity cannot quite be pinned down, but some common notions associated with masculinity can be described with the following passage:Men, in their civilized role, are believed to be providers for families, protectors of women and children, and fathers to their children. Men compete with each other and enjoy taking risks; they are initiators of sexual encounters; and they are socially and politically more powerful and influential than women. Men

Reality and Illusion in Shakespeare's Hamlet - Reality, Appearance and Deception

896 words - 4 pages Reality and Illusion in Hamlet   Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, begins with the appearance of a ghost, an apparition, possibly a hallucination. Thus, from the beginning, Shakespeare presents the air of uncertainty, of the unnatural, which drives the action of the play and develops in the protagonist as a struggle to clarify what only seems to be absolute and what is actually reality. Hamlet's mind, therefore, becomes the central force of the

Sub-plots in Hamlet

1118 words - 4 pages Sub-plots in Hamlet   There are many things that critics say make Hamlet a "Great Work," one of which is the way that Shakespeare masterfully incorporates so many sub-plots into the story, and ties them all into the main plot of Hamlet’s revenge of his father’s murder. By the end of Act I, not only is the main plot identified, but many other sub-plots are introduced. Among the sub-plots are trust in the Ghost of King Hamlet, Fortinbras, and

Similar Essays

Adasdsa Essay

1491 words - 6 pages ) he lost his nerve, panicked, and ran, leaving the gates behind, with Achilles on his tail, confident in his speed. (EH 22.155)” Furthermore, in Homer’s Iliad, Hector is seen more as a civilized and honorable opponent than Cycnus. This is noticed when Hector tries to make a deal with Achilles. This deal states “I will not dishonor your corpse, only strip the armor and give the body back to the Greeks. Promise you’ll do the same. (EH 22.283)” This

Tempnature Art Vs. Nature In Shakespeare's The Tempest

1295 words - 5 pages Art vs. Nature in The Tempest    The debate between Art and Nature in The Tempest is very much based on the Renaissance debate, on whether “civilized man” or the "natural man" was superior. The advocates of  “civilized man” presenting the "natural man" as being savage, intemperate and brutal in contrast to the nobility, self-control and high-mindedness of the  “civilized man”. The advocates of "natural man" presenting him as what

Capital Punishment – Is It The Right Sentence?

1286 words - 5 pages punishment a barbaric practice, looking toward the Bible for justification. They cite the biblical passage that exhorts an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. However, if a crime deserves equal punishment, then why do we not rape the rapist or burn the arsonist? A civilized society must be based on values and principles that are higher than those it condemns. To punish killing with death is inherently contradictory. Biblically we are called to live

The Western Movie Genre Essay

1398 words - 6 pages barbaric Indians), settlers vs. Indians, humanity vs. nature, civilization vs. wilderness or lawlessness to name a few. Oftentimes the hero of a western encounters his opposite "double," a reflection of his own evil side that he has to put down. Outstanding elements in westerns comprise hostile elements, guns and gun fights, violence and human massacres, horses, trains and train robberies, bank robberies and holdups, runaway stagecoaches, shoot-outs