Illegal Immigration Essay

929 words - 4 pages

Many people illegally travel to another place because they are desperately looking for better opportunities, running away from famine, wars or violence. For instance, Mexico unfortunately has a poor economy with a high population and the country is still engaged in a war with various Mexican drug cartels which kills more than 80,000 people every year (“Reasons for Illegal Immigration). Therefore, United States, being one of the most prosperous countries, attracts many of these illegal immigrants. It provides freedom of speech and religion, steady jobs, a safe environment, and benefits for the poor and unemployed. It has become a home to many of them. Some individuals believe that this people deserve a chance because most come with good intentions. They just want jobs where they get decently paid so they can support their family back home. On the other hand, others feel that illegal immigrants threaten the economy, position of jobs and the superiority of the English language. Also many think that crime rate has increased in the United States due to illegal immigration. For these reasons, many supported in the decision of building a great wall in the United States and Mexican border. However, many still question if by doing this, will it actually make the situation better or worse? Consequently, this issue has become very controversial and sociologists have tried to explain it through the conflict perspective
Karl Marx is the founder of conflict theory. He saw the horrors and the exploitation that the peasant workers had to go through during the Industrial Revolution. He was so distressed by this that he began to observe and study society. According to his observations, there were two types of classes in the industrialized societies: the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The bourgeoisie was the small group of capitalists who own means to produce wealth and the proletariat was the mass of workers who are exploited by the bourgeoisie (Henslin 27). However, now and days sociologists have expanded the concept of conflict theory and do not only focus on the relationship between capitalists and workers. For instance, in analyzing the construction of the fences in the United States and Mexico border, conflict theorists would point out that the wall separate a high-wage economy from a low- wage one (Forrante). The fences in a way have been built to prevent the advancement of labor from the low-wage side to the high-wage side. Illegal immigrants go through a lot of hardships and risk their lives in trying to cross the border. They are exhausted of working long hours and only getting paid 4.50 per day. These people are looking forward of entering a country where they get paid like $60-80 per day and in a better atmosphere. Of course they realize that they would not be working on the best jobs but they do not mind the hard work as long as they can support their family back...

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