Illegal Immigration in Greece
Illegal immigration is the act of migrating or settling to a foreign state without a legal permission of the state authorities. It is otherwise known as irregular migration or undocumented immigration. People in this situation have the status of illegal aliens, "illegals" or "honest" smugglers. Illegal immigration can take many forms (forced migration, labor migration, etc.) and may have many different reasons (wars and asylum, overpopulation, family reunification, deprivation of citizenship). Amongst the European countries, the problem of illegal immigration is very topical in Greece for the past decade.
There are two types of illegal immigrants. One group are those "border crossing" or who enter a country in a surreptitious manner. They may sail, row or drive over some portion of the nation's land or sea borders. Sometimes they come as individuals; sometimes as groups. Many are guided or transported by human smugglers for a fee. The unifying characteristic of this group is that they have entered a country without appropriate documents. The second group are persons who legally enter a nation by passing through an established port-of-entry. At that time, they may present authentic documents such as visas then subsequently violate its terms by overstaying past its expiration date or they seek work during their visa period when, except in prescribed circumstances, non-immigrants are prohibited from doing so. The fact that they violate the terms of the visas places them in violation of the immigration statutes. There are also persons who present false documents when they enter or who illegally use someone else's documents as a means of entry. All of these types of persons are called "visa abusers". The unifying motives of immigrating of the aforementioned groups are:
the wish to change one's surroundings voluntarily
Basically, illegal immigration relates generally to people from relatively poor countries seeking better standards of living in better socioeconomically developed countries (the United States of America for example). However, contrary to popular belief, it is not the poorest who migrate but those who can afford a high cost of travel, hoping for a better social promotion abroad than they would have in their country.
Greece over the past decade has become a source country concerning the entrance of an unspecified amount of illegal immigrants, mostly from Asian and African states, that enter mainly through the Greek-Turkish borders and with the complicity or indifference of the authorities of the neighboring country, despite the bilateral and international agreements that have been sealed for this matter.
According to a Frontex report, over 40% of undocu- mented...