Illiad And The Odyssey Essay

837 words - 3 pages

The Iliad covers a small portion of the whole Trojan War; about three months. It opens the same as most of the Greek epic poems, which is when the poet (in this case Homer) summons the Muses. Homer stated his theme the Achilles' fury and what it caused. This story is centered on Achilles, the most powerful warrior in the Achaian army at the time. It starts with Agamemnon disrespecting Achilles, which causes him to go back to his ships. When Patroklos, Achilles' best friend, goes into battle and is killed is the climax. Hektor's death and Priam, King of Troy and Hektor's father, pleads with Achilles to get Hektors corps back.Chryseis was awarded to Agamemnon and Briseis was awarded to Achilles as war prizes. A plague sent by Apollo to the Achaian army because Chryseis was the daughter of one of Apollo's priests. After they figured out what the problem was Agamemnon still refused to give Chryseis back to her father, unless he was given Briseis as a repayment. Achilles feels like he has been publicly disgraced and leaves to his ships with his men to go home.The Two armies fight. Paris and Menelaos duel and Menelaos bests Paris. Aphrodite intervenes and whisks Paris to his bedroom. Zeus decides that since Menelaos obviously won the war should be over. Hera and Athena protest this because they want Troy to be razed. Athena convinces Pandaros, a Trojan leader, to try and kill Menelaos. He attempts to slay him, but only wounds him. The war is back on.The war continues and they decide to have another duel. Telamonian Aias, a distinguished Achaian warrior, duels Hektor. Neither man is able to outdo the other and they exchange gifts. There is a brief truce in which each side buries their dead. Zeus wants the war to end soon and tells all the gods that any attempt to aid either side will be punished severally.The Achaian army keeps getting pushed back and they decide that without Achilles they are going to be in trouble. They send Telamonian Ajax and Odysseus, who are welcomed with honor, but Agamemnon's offer to return Briseis and other valuables is refused by Achilles.The fighting continues, most of the Achaian leaders are wounded, and the Achaian army push the Trojans back to the city gates, however the Trojans retaliate and...

Find Another Essay On Illiad And The Odyssey

Homer’s Odyssey and the Odyssey of Our Lives

1585 words - 6 pages Homer’s Odyssey and the Odyssey of Our Lives        Homer’s Odyssey is a magnificent mythological tale. This work was presumably created after his encounter with goddess Athena. Although Odysseus’ journey is filled with unrealistic adventures and mythical powers, some principles behind this story can relate to our everyday lives. Odysseus’ adventures in Odyssey relate to the heroism, intellect, and ruthlessness that are in our lives

Heoes of the Iliad and the Odyssey

2057 words - 9 pages , honor and pride are so intertwined with one another, that it can be hard to distinguish between the two. However, heroic mortal men like Achilles and Odysseus, whose stories are found within The Iliad and The Odyssey, experience and are often consumed by the damming vice of pride, or hubris, and therefore are subjected to the ramifications that come with their decisions. In order to distinguish between the actions done through honor, or pride

Comparing the Aeneid and the Odyssey

2917 words - 12 pages   Both the Odyssey and the Aeneid represent their cultures very well, but they express different ideas on what one should strive for in life.  There are also different forces that pushed both epics to be written.  The Aeneid expresses the Roman idea of pietas which means to show extreme respect for one’s ancestors. We see this in Aeneas when he is pictured caring his father away from burning Troy.  He has pietas because he cared so much for

Characters in The Odyssey and Ramayana

1143 words - 5 pages In The Odyssey and Ramayana, the authors depict the characters through the eyes of their culture and civilization. In both works, the representation of men and women reflects an ideal that was sought after at the time. Particularly, the texts focus on the relationships between the main characters and the religion, as well as the main character and their familial ties. In The Odyssey, there is Athena and Odysseus while in Ramayana, there is

The Odyssey: Telemachus And His Development

898 words - 4 pages The Odyssey was a great book in which many characters were brought out and developed. The most significant development that occured in the epic was the development of Telemachus. Telemachus is a very complex character that Homer develops from beginning to end. From the beginning when is a mere shadow of his father to near the end in which he is considered just as courageous. Many factors influence Telemachus as he matures into a man.To begin

Images and Symbolism in The Odyssey

766 words - 3 pages The Sea Odysseus spends so much time sailing home that the sea really takes up a good chunk of his life. This is fitting, since the sea and its perils work much the same way the Odyssey argues that life does, it is full of suffering, but it can’t be avoided. The sea can send blessings like sea breezes to blow him home or obstacles like storms, Skylla and Charybdis, and treacherous islands. Because the sea is ruled by Poseidon, it is also a

Memory and Fortune in the Odyssey

856 words - 4 pages When scholars analyze themes of meaning in the Homeric epic The Odyssey, a common area of focus is the significance of memory and forgetting to the story. One interpretation of the text poses that characters being able to remember Odysseus brings about fortunate consequences for the protagonist, while forgetting about him or his deeds leads to negative ones. However, the forgetting of Odysseus’s transgressions by the suitor’s fathers at the end

Deception and Disguise in "The Odyssey"

1396 words - 6 pages Deception is defined as a crafty procedure or practice meant to deceive or defraud. People tend to view this as a sinister action. No matter how sinister it can be, it can also be utilized to gain information and knowledge. How a person uses deception varies among different people. Generally, the more clever people tend to utilize deception very efficiently. Odysseus masters deception in the Odyssey by disguising himself. Odysseus isn't alone

The Odyssey Essay: Greek Culture and Life as Evident in The Odyssey.

1270 words - 5 pages The Odyssey Essay: Greek Culture and Life as Evident in The Odyssey.During the Dark Ages (1200 - 800 B.C.), the art of writing was uncared for and lost. Furthermore, during this age the population of the world had declined, along with the wealth of individuals. It is during that time period, however, that Homer composed The Odyssey. Although written during the Dark Ages, Homer writes about the Late Bronze Age (1600 - 1200 B.C.) when life was

The Gods in Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey

1408 words - 6 pages The Gods in Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey The stories told in the Iliad and Odyssey are based on stories handed down over several generations, for they preserve (as we have seen) memories of an already quiet far distant past. The two pomes show clear connection in their language and style, in the manner in which their incidents presented, and in the combination of agreement with level, which distinguish their creation. The work was

The Art of Hospitality - The Greeks and the Odyssey

885 words - 4 pages Each culture treats strangers and guests with distinct differences from every other culture. One of the most hospitable cultures was that of the ancient Greeks, exemplified in Homer’s The Odyssey by both gracious hosts and guests. In Greece and The Odyssey, not only was good hospitality etiquette expected, but the added pressure from the conviction that the gods would punish the host if guests were treated without respect (whether they were

Similar Essays

The Greeks And The Illiad Essay

2189 words - 9 pages The Greeks and The Illiad The Iliad was a masterpiece of a work, which entertained and gave a description of how the Greeks lived out their lives in battle and at peace. The Iliad, by Homer, is an epic classic set in Ancient Greece. The story ,in its own, contained the use of epic characteristics, which reveal further characteristics of the Greeks. A large influence on the book, was the Greek's religious and mythological stance

The Aeneid And The Odyssey Essay

1471 words - 6 pages Are there similarities between Homer's The Odyssey and Virgil's The Aeneid? There are many similarities that could be examined indepth. The lovers encountered in both plays can lead to the idea of ancient plagarism. The games held by the greeks and trojans are similar to the Olympic Games. The downfall of characters, cities or monsters can be seen often in many stories. Maybe rewriting history is the effort of a plagarist to cheat true

The Odyssey And The Iliad Essay

1191 words - 5 pages The Odyssey and the Iliad      In our day and age, people strive for independence and a sense of authority. However, at many times this is more easily said than done. Whether it be God, or in the eyes of the Achaeans and Trojans, the immortals, lives and actions are commonly defined by a higher being. Which leads to Homer’s epic poems the Odyssey and the Iliad which deal with constant conflict in a world

Comparing The Odyssey And Medea Essay

1527 words - 6 pages While home is usually represented by a physical shelter such as a house, Homer and Euripides in their respective novels The Odyssey and Medea show that home has much more significance as a state where one can comfortably express the values and beliefs that define one’s identity. Both authors use protagonists who are far away from home. These characters often associate with and depend upon other characters they meet. Since they live under the