Immanuel Kant Essay

1773 words - 7 pages



The following paper has been written and formatted to provide you assistance as a guide. Any part of the content used against the rules will be penalized as plagiarism.

[Author's Name]

[Instructor's Name]

[Course title]


Kant's Philosophy First Paper


Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), one of the most prestigious theorists in the history of Western philosophy, has been celebrated for his great contributions to metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics. Kant especially celebrates the originality and uniqueness of his ethical theory through his general criticism of previous ethical theories and has always been regarded as a profound impact on more or less all the philosophical movements that went behind him. Significantly, Kant's philosophy is anchored in his conviction that the value of man is inbuilt in his ability to reason and his criticisms of utilitarianism have become well-known in the history of philosophy.


Immanuel Kant, German philosopher believed that human beings were "above all price", meaning that people have an intrinsic worth. Immanuel Kant was opposed to the belief that the end justified the means. Kant believed that any action is moral only if it is universal, without attachment to an individual. He believed that one should act in accordance with one's duty and principals. Kant was opposed to Utilitarianism he believed that this theory devalued the individuals it was supposed to benefit. Kant viewed previous ethical theories as having the achievement of human happiness and satisfaction as the ultimate goal.

Kant distinguished between heteronomy as the belief that outside forces influence people's actions. Kant thought that as people we were all autonomous and would naturally perform autonomous acts, instead of being inclined to act according to consequences. Kant's focus was on duty driven ethics, ethics that maintain the moral wrongness or rightness depending upon the action of its intrinsic qualities and not on consequences.

According to Kant the Categorical Imperative, this is founded on reasoning, and is basically a rule for making rules. Kant meant for us to be willing to set a rule, or a maxim and will that everyone act on that rule, making it universal. Once an action was defined as a categorical imperative it must be followed, in the same way each time the situation would arise. Categorical imperatives are in contrast to hypothetical imperatives, hypothetical imperatives are expressed as `if' statements, conditioned on a goal or desire. Categorical imperatives do not have any `if' statements. Adhering to the categorical imperative provides people with autonomous ethical choices. It requires people to make self legislating moral decisions based on our ability to reason.

I believe his main arguments are that what is instinctively good is our good will....

Find Another Essay On Immanuel Kant

Comparing David Hume and Immanuel Kant

1386 words - 6 pages Comparing David Hume and Immanuel Kant David Hume and Immanuel Kant each made a significant break from other theorists in putting forward a morality that doesn’t require a higher being or god, for a man to recognize his moral duty. Although Hume and Kant shared some basic principals they differed on their view of morality. In comparing the different views on human will and the maxims established to determine moral worth by David Hume and

The Critical Philosophy of Immanuel Kant

2526 words - 10 pages The Critical Philosophy of Immanuel Kant Criticism is Kant's original achievement; it identifies him as one of the greatest thinkers of mankind and as one of the most influential authors in contemporary philosophy. But it is important to understand what Kant means by'criticism', or 'critique'. In a general sense the term refers to a general cultivation of reason 'by way of the secure path of science' (Bxxx). More particularly, its use is not

Truth and Goodness in Immanuel Kant and St. Thomas Aquinas

3328 words - 13 pages Immanuel Kant and St. Thomas Aquinas account for the existence of truth in sharply contrasting ways. Kant locates all truth inside the mind, as a pure product of reason, operating by means of rational categories. Although Kant acknowledges that all knowledge originates in the intuition of the senses, the intelligibility of sense experience he attributes to innate forms of apperception and to categories inherent to the mind. The innate

Analyzing the Political Thoughts of Immanuel Kant and G.W.F. Hegel

1922 words - 8 pages Director Steve McQueen, in his 2013 film “12 Years a Slave” provides four examples of the philosophical arguments of both Immanuel Kant and G.W.F Hegel. Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit argues two forms of consciousness. His categorization on the codependent relationship between lord and bondsman is complementary to Kant’s political thought on the categorical imperative. Kant argues in The Grounding of Metaphysics of Morals, that in the

Kant’s Antidote to Idealism

1230 words - 5 pages Immanuel Kant’s doctrine of transcendental idealism contends that all we can know about external things lies in their appearances as they are presented to us and affect our sensibility. Initially, this may seem to be the same principle found in traditional idealism. However, unlike traditional idealists, Kant does not deny the existence of the external things. He believes that these objects are indeed real. However, we cannot know anything about

What is Enlightenment? Emmanuel Kant

1317 words - 5 pages In his essay writing “What is Enlightenment?” Immanuel Kant defines enlightenment as “man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity” (Kant, 1). In order for us to completely understand this definition, we must first understand what Kant meant by “Immaturity”. In the writing Kant defines immaturity as “the inability to use one’s understanding without the guidance from another”(Kant, 1). Furthermore, Kant believes that this immaturity is self

Moral Law According To Kant

553 words - 2 pages Moral Law According To Kant      Immanuel Kant was a deontologist from Germany in the eithteenth century. He believed that the only test of whether a decision is right or wrong is whether it could be applied to everyone. Would it be all right for everyone to do what you are doing? If not, your decision is wrong. It would be wrong, for example, to make a promise with the intention of breaking it because if everyone did that, no one would

The Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals

1312 words - 5 pages Can suicide be justified as morally correct? This is one of the many questions Immanuel Kant answers in, “The Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals”. Kant discusses many questions with arguable answers, which explains why he is one of the most controversial philosophers still today. Throughout Kant’s work, multiple ideas are considered, but the Categorical Imperative is one of the most prevalent. Though this concept is extremely dense, the

Sexual Use and What to Do about It

1003 words - 5 pages Alan Soble counters the large dilemmas presented by Immanuel Kant in his article “Sexual Use and What to Do about It”. Soble makes very strong points when he is both agreeing and disagreeing with Kant in his article. The “sex problem” that is discussed by philosophers is a battle of what makes sex immoral and harmful to humanity. The root of the objectification of the body, and luring someone under false pretenses, into sexual activity is

Hume Vs Kant

1732 words - 7 pages the idea of the effect.” (87) Since we are trained to expect the impression of necessary connection, the idea of it comes from our minds. Therefore, our belief in necessary connections of the universe is based on a rational facts.      Immanuel Kant, a philosopher after Hume, sets out to reform metaphysics. Kant believed that if Hume was right, metaphysics would be impossible. But, Kant was unwilling to surrender to Hume’s skeptical argument, so

Ethics and International Relations

1191 words - 5 pages perspectives of Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill demonstrate that customs with contrasting ethics can be understood by focusing on ramifications of customary actions and duties of individuals. In “Utilitarianism,” John Stuart Mill emphasizes that the ethics of individuals and societal system are reflected in their moral value, such as happiness or pleasure. He argues that individuals only focus on maximizing their happiness in life by either preventing

Similar Essays

Immanuel Kant Essay

680 words - 3 pages way that you always treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never simply as a means, but at the same time as an end”, d)“So act as if you were through your maxims a law-making member of a kingdom of ends.” The former two are closely related to each other; the latter two are related to each other, as well. I believe that Immanuel Kant is a very good philosophy because of his four parts of categorical imperative

Immanuel Kant (1724 1804) Essay

1262 words - 5 pages Immanuel Kant (1724 - 1804) Author of Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785). "The Enlightenment was a desire for human affairs to be guided by rationality than by faith, superstition, or revelation; a belief in the power of human reason to change society and liberate the individual from the restraints of custom or arbitrary authority; all backed up by a world view increasingly validated by science rather than by religion or

Immanuel, Kant (1724 1804) Essay

1178 words - 5 pages Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in the East Prussian town of Königsberg and lived there practically all his life. He came from a deeply pious Lutheran family, and his own religious convictions formed a significant background to his philosophy. Like Berkeley, he felt it was essential to preserve the foundations of Christian belief. Kant became Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at the University of Königsberg in 1770 and taught there for most of

Philosophy Of Immanuel Kant Essay

1849 words - 8 pages believe that one can have a foot on both sides, like Immanuel Kant. To be on one side or the other never gives you full knowledge you must be willing to use your senses and your reason to form ideas. Kant was to first to step away from choosing a side. Kant changed philosophy in the way that he showed that certain aspects of rationalism and empiricism were wrong. Kant was also the first to say that objects conform to our knowledge meaning that