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Immigrant Fatalities On The Mexican American Border

2116 words - 8 pages

The deaths in the border between Mexico and the United states have been increasing rapidly in the past decade. The fatalities have doubled since 1998 due to the increase of borders patrol and border militarization. The result is the redistribution of the migratory flow to more dangerous and remote areas such as southern Arizona. Even though the number of immigrants who try to cross the border has decreased, the number of fatalities continues to increase. Immigrants will not stop coming unless the situation in their countries changes and with a more protected border, they will look for more remote areas to try to cross. We are experiencing the largest numbers of fatalities in the border between Mexico and the United States. The increase of border patrol as well as border militarization is leading migrants to very dangerous and remote areas to cross the border. Unless the governments from both countries do something to solve this issue, people will continue to die in this border.

The increase of border security in general the flow of immigration was redirected to the most remote areas of Arizona. Here in southern Arizona is where the “Devil’s Highway” is found. The devil’s highway is a remote desert with an extensive history of deaths. Many immigrants walk for days in the dessert with little water and no food making it a very dangerous place to loose their lives. In his book: “The Devil’s Highway: A True Story”, Luis Alberto Urrea provides us with a background and the events happening such desert. Urrea mentions that: “The first white known man to die in the desert heat here did it on January 18, 1541” (Urrea 5). This shows that the deaths of immigrants here is nothing new. “Most assuredly, others had died before. As long as there have been people, there have been deaths in the western desert” (Urrea 5). The question now would be: Why do people try to cross such desert knowing is an extremely dangerous place? And also why are the governments doing to solve this issue.

What causes a person to leave their hometown, families, friends and everything they know to go on a deadly trip in hope of a better life. Well the poor living conditions, drug wars, kidnapins, and the hope of a better life leads people to take such a dangerous trip. In his book, Urrea provides a clear example of a small town in Veracruz Mexico and what causes may push people to begin a dangerous trip to the Unites States. Urrea describes: “In Veracruz, thing weren’t going well. The people were killing themselves working the ranchos on the outskirts. The fisherman couldn’t catch enough protein in the sea. The cane cutters couldn’t cut enough cane… But it was mostly the collapse of the coffee prices” (Urrea 44). In general, the whole economic system of these towns in Mexico has gone badly in the past years. People cannot survive fishing or growing coffee anymore like they used to in the past and the hope of a better life in the United States is their last option. Many of...

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