Immigrant Life In The 19th And 20th Centuries

2034 words - 8 pages

American was a prosperous country with incredible economic growth between the end of Reconstruction and the Great Depression. It was during this time that "industrial expansion went into high gear because increasing manufacturing efficiencies enabled American firms to cut prices and yet earn profits for financing still better equipment (Henretta 488)." During this era, the manufacturing of steel, the construction of railroads, factories, and warehouses, and the growing demand for technological advancements, increased greatly. Philanthropists, such as Andrew Carnegie, Andrew Mellon, and John D. Rockefeller, took advantage of the situation they were in by investing large sums of capital into the growing economy. Carnegie constructed an enormous steel mill outside of Pittsburgh that became one of the worlds' largest. Mellon started the Union Trust Fund in Pittsburgh, which developed in its later years to one of the largest financial institutions in the country. Rockefeller, who was involved in the petroleum industry, built the Standard Oil Company. Philanthropists were not the only group of people funding the growth of Corporate America. "The federal government, mainly interested in encouraging interregional development, provided financial credit and land grants (Henretta 490)." As a whole, the American economy was growing at an incredible rate. It was due to this growth that countless immigrants from Europe made their way over the Atlantic, as well as African Americans migrating from the South, both with hopes of improving their own standards of life.When Europe fell into its depression, many European peasants were struggling to live. It was not a struggle of providing good lives for their families, it was a struggle of providing lives in general. When word of the economic boom in America reached the European shores, many European farmers decided to pack up and set off for a better life in America. Farming in Europe was also advancing quickly, and due to Europe's population increase, many farmers were losing their jobs to more efficient machinery. The opening of jobs in America encouraged many to leave their country and pursue a new, happier, overall better life. However, after a long, hard trip to America, the only thing immigrants encountered was cold hatred.Upon arrival in the United States, many foreign immigrants experienced extreme hatred at the hands of the Americans. In Out of this Furnace, Bell starts the book by telling the story of what might happen to Kracha if he wandered astray - ."..about trusting immigrants robbed and beaten their first day in America, about others who stepped off the ship and were never seen again, about husbands found in the alleys with their throats cut from ear to ear while their brides of a month vanished forever into houses of prostitution (Bell 4)." It was a common belief among Americans that immigrants brought disease, crime, pollution, and a thinner job market. Many Americans had an extremely ethnocentric...

Find Another Essay On Immigrant Life in the 19th and 20th Centuries

India in the late 19th century. To what extent could India be considered a 'nation' in the late 19th to early 20th centuries?

698 words - 3 pages exploitation during the colonial period. For example the percentage of Indians living in tenements in Bombay rose from 69% to 74% over twenty years. Another example is that the life expectancy of an average Indian was 25 in 1921, which was 20% lower than in 1872. Indian goods also faced duties of 70-80%, which "ruined millions of artisans, craftsmen, spinners....rendered jobless and had to become landless agricultural workers." (The Colonial Legacy

Expressionism Expressionism was one of the main movements in the later 19th and 20th centuries. No other artistic style has had as much an impact on 20th century art as expressionism has

971 words - 4 pages Expressionism was one of the main movements in the later 19th and 20th centuries.No other artistic style has had as much an impact on 20th century art as expressionism has.Expressionism not only has influenced the art movement, it has influenced other expressive, creative areas such as literature, theatre and cinema.One of the two Expressionist movements was Die Brucke (The Bridge), which emerged in Germany early in the 20th century.The artists

Abortion During the 18th and 19th Centuries

743 words - 3 pages dependent on who was taking advantage of them. People seemed to be more concerned about the fact that abortions were used to cover up the sin of fornication in the 18th century, whereas in the 19th century the more pressing issue was the fact that married upper- and middle-class women were now using abortifacients just to avoid childbirth. In the 18th century, Sarah Grosvenor’s death was under a spotlight operated by the court system in Connecticut

Nationalism and Racism in the Late 19th and 20th Century

1247 words - 5 pages Semitic vs. the Teutonic Race” and “National Life from the Standpoint of Science,” respectively. The beginnings of Nationalistic extremism threatened to destroy the peaceful ideals that had come about with the Enlightenment. European Nationalists combined the ideas of Social Darwinism with extreme Nationalism and soon became wrought with intolerance and irrationality. In the late 19th century, Jews had legal equality in most places; however

Industrialization in 19th and 20th Century

1493 words - 6 pages majority of the population was black and white. When the Industrialization era came around, diversity increased substantially. Because of the numerous opportunities that were presented in the United States, people from all across the globe came to America to make a better life for themselves and for their families. In Document F, there is a chart that shows the main sources of immigration into the US from 1861-1890. Immigrant populations from Austria

The Monroe Doctrine: Is it Still Prevalent in the 20th and 21st Centuries?

1075 words - 5 pages dealings, during the Clinton administration the United States became involved in several foreign policies. For example, when “two Black Hawk helicopters were shot down over Mogadishu killing 18 people…troops were sent to alleviate the starvation crisis brought on by political chaos… but [when Clinton took over office the mission soon became creeping] out warlord and providing security” (Welch, 2007). An instance in the 20th century in which the

Three Women Writers: A Study in Virtue and Christianity of the 18th and 19th centuries

2374 words - 9 pages Three Women Writers: A Study in Virtue and Christianity of the 18th and 19th centuries The popularity of Toni Morrison's Beloved has recently awakened a mainstream interest in African-American literature. Writers, such as Maya Angelou and Langston Hughes, have also facilitated the infiltration of African American voices into popular culture. This website is devoted to three women who, like Morrison and Angelou, have aided in the formation and

Museum Assignment: Portrait Comparison Between the 17th and 19th Centuries

1299 words - 6 pages separated from the background not in a smoky or hazy way, but in visible curved lines. In this painting, the oil paint is thinly applied in layers to evoke real life. Her dress top ruching is carefully painted, her transparent sleeves, bows, and brilliant gold jewelry all are sharply painted. Every curl is visible, and her milky complexion is clearly painted and set against the dark dress. The tapestry hanging on the chair is filled with warm

The Brain Drain and Revolution in the Late 19th and Early 20th Century China

1693 words - 7 pages Introduction By the end of the 19th century, Chinese officials were beginning to realize that their country’s educational infrastructure was becoming increasingly anachronistic. Traditional education largely ignored technology—considered it low class, even—and students instead focused on cultivating a sense of moral righteousness. Yet, the Confucian-centered examination system was beginning to prove ineffective in a world where modern

Imperialism and its Negative Impacts in the 19th and 20th Century

2216 words - 9 pages new economic powers. In addition to securing resources, the colonies were designed to be effective trade posts to boost economic standings, spread European religions, and of course be an outlet for Nationalism. Many consider colonies as a symbol of national pride and a way to establish a sense of power abroad while simultaneously protecting national interests. The European powers sought after the establishment of colonies to secure resources

Expansionism in the 19th and early 20th century U.S. was a departure of past American Expansionism

884 words - 4 pages DepartureExpansionism in the 19th and early 20th century U.S. was not a continuation of past American Expansionism. Throughout American history, prime motives for geographical and political expansion have been in support of U.S. economy. As the country grew, many other issues became important in the shaping of American expansionism. Slavery and investment of capital were major forces behind these issues. All these events involved economic

Similar Essays

Immigrant Life In The 19th And 20th Centuries

2170 words - 9 pages the cost of living realistic to them. The life of a first generation immigrant, for the most part, never supplied the slightest bit of happiness. Thomas Bell's Out of This Furnace provided clear-cut examples of the ways immigrant families were forced to live and the dangers the faced on a daily basis. Upon coming to America, Kracha was set up with a job working on railroads in White Haven, Pennsylvania. Next, he moved to Homestead to work in a

Modernism In The Late 19th And 20th Centuries

1260 words - 6 pages The late 19th and 20th centuries were full of various technological innovations and major social upheavals. From the conflicts brought by a world at war to the booming revolutions of industry, civilization had gotten quite a boost. This led to new ways of creative expression, in both visual art and literature, that broke the binds of tradition and classical design. The term Modernism can characterize a broad array of styles and techniques

The United States Role In World Affairs In The 19th And 20th Centuries

1362 words - 5 pages The United States has been a major player in world affairs over the last two centuries. In the years following its War of Independence, its policies tended to be isolationist, but over the centuries it has been transformed, mainly by trade and economic imperatives, into a superpower that exerts military, economic and cultural domination over much of the rest of the world. The following essay will outline some of the main events of this

Changes In Opiate Use And Addiction And In Social Perceptions Of Opiates In The Usa And England Through The 19th And 20th Centuries

2186 words - 9 pages Social Bore to Crack Whore:The Evolution of the Drug AddictBy Amber RobinsonDiscuss changes in patterns of Opiate Use and Addiction and in social perceptions of opiates in the united states and england in the 19th and 20th CenturiesThere has been major shifts in the attitude towards opiates and users over the 19th and 20th Century, from its initial state as a medical issue to the current status as a matter for the legal system. While the actual