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Immigration Policies In Canada Essay

1304 words - 6 pages

Canada has a very diverse group of people, each of whom has studied and is a professional in a different skill. From the 2006 Census, about one in five Canadians were born outside the country (McMullen, 2009). Each of these immigrants comes from a different culture and language, and have different characteristics such as gender, age, and education. Yet, it is not an easy process as it once was to immigrate to Canada (Dupuis, 2013). Upon arrival, immigrates face many different forms of barriers, such as: language, proper credentials, abandonment of education and work experience from abroad, discrimination, lower earnings and cultural differences. It is evident that many who have come with university or college degrees now work jobs which require lower educational standards, such as clerks, salespeople, truck drivers or cashiers (McMullen, 2009). As a result, the transition for immigrants into the Canadian workforce is a difficult process, leaving many skilled labourers without proper jobs and discouraging others from entering.
It is quite evident that Canada is trying to restrict the amount of immigration in the recent decade. In 2002, the Citizenship and Immigration Minister had finalized an immigration package which will prevent skilled workers from entering Canada (Thompson, 2002). Not only this, but the package will be applied retroactively, thus affecting thousands of immigrants from the time the first draft was completed. The Minister claims that this package "favours independent immigrants who have higher education and language skills" (Thompson, 2002). Yet the majority of critics state that this package will actually keep out skilled workers and essentially betrays the spirit of common law. Luckily, before the final draft was approved there were many key edits made, such as lowering the new point system from 80 out of 100 to 75 out of 100, and those who are affected retroactively only need to score 70 out of 100 (Thompson, 2002). Nonetheless, the small drop in points is still difficult to achieve, as some immigrants fluent in English with a proper University degree may not score enough points. Overall, the new point system will not allow to meet the shortages of skilled labour.
Even when the immigrants to meet the requirements of the new point system, it is still difficult for them to get training and get work at their educational level. As a result, several city councils begun creating short-terms internships for immigrants who have not been able to find work, but have adequate education from their prior country (Lu, 2003). This new program will give newcomers the experience they need in the fields that they have studied in, to be able to better opportunities in their line of work. The only downside to the program is that the companies are not required to hire the employees on a full time basis, after their short-term internship has ended. Nonetheless, the benefits outweigh the drawbacks of the program and will surely allow immigrants to...

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