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Immigraton In The U.S. Essay

1212 words - 5 pages

Immigration in the U.S.

While immigration has played an important role in the building

and formation of America, new federal laws have resulted in mass

immigration. “America was primarily founded on immigrants,

however, immigration must be controlled legally, and immigrants

should be treated equally despite what country they come from.

America has the most liberal laws towards immigrants than any other

country.” Luis Barker, Chief Patrol Agent In-Charge, US Border Patrol,

El Paso, TX. Throughout history, Congress has enacted laws and has

had to amend them to control the flow of both legal and illegal

migration to the United States.

In 1948, legislation was first enacted in an effort to control the

number of applicants fleeing persecution; it permitted 205,000

refugees to enter the United States. In 1952, Congress set in place

major regulations setting parameters and quotas mostly for the

eastern hemisphere and leaving the western hemisphere unrestricted.

In 1953, congress was again faced with having to increase the

number of refugees from 205,000 to 415,000. In order to qualify as a

refugee one must have a well founded fear of persecution, not be

firmly resettled in a third country, and must not be an aggravated

felon. In 1965, the national origin’s quota system was abolished but

still maintained was the principle of numerical by establishing

170,000 hemispheric and 20,000 per country ceilings and a seven

1

category preference system. This system included the spouses of

lawful resident aliens, brother and sisters of United States citizens,

skilled and unskilled workers. To present date spouses and minor

children of US citizens are exempt any quota system. In 1980, the

refugee act removed them from the preference category and

established clear criteria and procedures for their admission. In

1986, Congress was faced with yet another national crisis which it

attempted to resolve by enacting the Immigration Reform and Control

Act (IRCA). IRCA was considered to be the most comprehensive act

which was to grant amnesty to those who had resided in the US

illegally since January 1, 1982, (2) created sanctions against persons

and companies that hired illegal aliens, (3) created the a new

classification of temporary agriculture and granted amnesty to such

workers, (4) created a new visa waiver pilot program (VWPP) allowing

the admission of certain non-immigrants without visas, (4) created

legislature for conditional status for those couples whose marriage is

less than two years prior to immigrating to the US. Under IRCA 2.7

illegal aliens mostly from Mexico were given legal immigrant status.

These new laws opened the door to the longest and largest wave of

immigration ever-27 million since 1965, including illegal entries.

The visa waiver pilot program (VWPP) is designed to extend

reciprocity to...

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